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|12th CYCLE DEDICATION:|
CHAGIGAH 6 (25 Nisan) - dedicated by Sandy and Les Wiesel in memory of Les's father, Menachem Yehuda ben Avigdor Yosef Wiesel, who perished in the Holocaust.
Chanah sensed that her son Shmuel was weak and thus she did not bring him to Yerushalayim for the Regel until he was weaned.
There is no Mitzvah to bring a lame or blind child to Yerushalayim for the Regel. (1)
Beis Shamai: The Korban Olas Re'iyah should cost more than the Korban Chagigah. Beis Hillel: The Chagigah should cost more than the Olas Re'iyah. (2)
The Tana'im disagree about whether the Korban Olah brought prior to Matan Torah was an Olas Re'iyah or an Olas Tamid.
Rebbi Yishmael and Rebbi Akiva disagree about whether the details of the Mitzvos were given on Har Sinai. (3)
Rebbi Akiva says that only Shevet Levi, who did not serve Avodah Zarah, brought Korbanos in the desert.
Rebbi Yosi ha'Glili says that Klal Yisrael is commanded in three Mitzvos when they travel [to Yerushalayim] for the Regel.
A BIT MORE
1. Even if the child will heal by the time he is obligated in Mitzvos, there is no Mitzvah of Chinuch in this case. Since, if he were an adult right now, he would not be obligated in the Mitzvah, there is no Mitzvah of Chinuch.
2. Beis Shamai: The Korban Re'iyah should cost more because it is completely burned on the Mizbe'ach, and also because on Shavuos more Korbenos Olos are brought than Shelamim. Beis Hillel: More money should be spent on the Chagigah because a Korban Chagigah existed prior to Matan Torah, and also because the Nesi'im brought more Korbenos Shelamim than Olos.
3. Rebbi Yishmael: The summarizations of the Mitzvos were given on Har Sinai, and the details were given in the Ohel Mo'ed. Rebbi Akiva: Both the summarizations of the Mitzvos and the details were given on Har Sinai, they were repeated in the Ohel Mo'ed, and repeated again in Arvos Mo'av.
Rebbi Akiva maintains that the summarizations of the Mitzvos and their details were given on Har Sinai, repeated in the Ohel Mo'ed, and repeated again in Arvos Mo'av. The Netziv explains that the Mishnayos were taught in the Ohel Mo'ed and the Talmud was taught by Moshe Rabeinu in Arvos Mo'av. The Gemara in Nedarim says that the Pilpul of the Torah (i.e. the Talmud) was given only to Moshe and in his great generosity he passed it on to Klal Yisrael. Moshe Rabeinu taught the Talmud to Klal Yisrael in Arvos Mo'av even though it was not given to him for the express purpose of teaching it to Klal Yisrael. Since the Talmud was given to us only as a result of the kindness of Moshe, the Talmud is credited to Moshe Rabeinu, and therefore many times we find that the Torah is called "Toras Moshe."
The Gemara says that there is no Mitzvah of Chinuch to take a child to Yerushalayim for the Regel if the child in his present state would not be obligated if he were an adult. Why does the Mitzvah of Chinuch not apply in this case? After all, the purpose of Chinuch is not based on obligation; it is based on simply training the child for the Mitzvah. The Ritva says that the Mitzvah of Chinuch applies only if the Mitzvah is done exactly as the Torah prescribes it. Otherwise, the possibility exists that the child will not do the Mitzvah in the proper manner even after he becomes an adult.
The Mitzvah of Simchah on the Regel is to bring a Korban Shelamim along with the Shalmei Chagigah. These Shelamim are called Shalmei Simchah, and women are obligated in this Mitzvah, according to the Rambam.
The Ra'avad says that a woman is not obligated to eat the meat of a Korban. Rather, it is a Mitzvah for her to go [to Yerushalayim] with her husband, and he will make her happy.
The Rambam maintains that there is an obligation for the husband to give his wife a share from the Shalmei Simchah. The Ra'avad maintains that the husband does not have an obligation to share with her the meat of the Korban; rather, it is his obligation to make her happy in other ways. (Kesef Mishneh)
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