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CHARTS FOR LEARNING THE DAILY DAF
brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Eruvin Chart #2
Eruvin Daf 28b
WHAT IS CONSIDERED FOOD?
CHAZIZ (1/3-grown grain)
||MAY USE FOR
||Only garden variety (6)
GIVEN FROM IT
||MAY BUY WITH
OF MA'ASER SHENI(3)
|| (as above)
|| (as above)
OVER IT "BOREI PRI
(1) This Halachah depends on whether it is fit to eat in its present form.
(2) This Halachah depends on (a) the product having completed its growth
and (b) being fit to eat. (According to the opinion later in the Gemara
that bitter almonds are also Chayav in Ma'aser, it is enough that the
product be fit to *be made* edible, even though it is not at present fit
(3) This Halachah depends on whether it is a food which is produced from
another product ("Pri mi'Pri").
(4) This Halachah depends on whether it has the technical status of food
("Shem Ochel"), as TOSFOS (DH Kor) says, and if it is possible to *be
made* edible in any manner.
(5) This Halachah depends on (a) whether the plant is planted with
intention to eat this product (according to Shmuel; see footnote 15). (b)
It also depends on the item having completed its growth, because if it is
not yet complete, it cannot be called *Pri* ha'Adamah (RASHI, DH Keshus).
(6) The Gemara concludes at the beginning of 28b that one may make an Eruv
Techumin with the garden variety, and Tosfos explains that the garden
variety is also considered a vegetable with regard to the blessing of
Borei Pri ha'Adamah. (When the student said that its blessing is
"She'ha'kol," he was referring to non-garden varieties. Presumably, the
garden-variety is considered food with regard to everything.)
(7) With regard to Nischani -- that is, the type of unripe date that is
not going to grow any more -- everyone agrees that it may be used to make
an Eruv Techumin (see footnote 8).
(8) This is an argument in the Beraisa. The Tana Kama holds that one is
obligated to separate Ma'aser from Kefaniyos, and Rebbi Yehudah holds that
one is exempt. This argument applies to normal Kefaniyos. With regard to
Nischani -- the type of unripe date that is not going to grow any more --
everyone agrees that one is obligated to separate Ma'aser from them.
(9) This is implicit in the wording of the Beraisa, "It is like wood with
regard to everything."
(10) If they were cooked, though, they are Metamei Tum'as Ochlin according
(11) This is not stated explicitly, but it is implicit in the words of
Rebbi Yehudah, "It is like a fruit with regard to everything," and we do
not find that the Tana Kama argues with him on this point.
(12) This is an argument in the Beraisa between the Tana Kama and Rebbi
Yehudah, and it is an argument in the Gemara between Shmuel and Rav
Yehudah. The Halachah follows Shmuel, and the blessing is "She'ha'kol."
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