What is the translation of "Ulai Natsah mi'Panai"?
Rashi, Ramban #1, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: 'Had it not turned away 1 from me'.
Ramban #2: It turned aside in doubt
What is the difference between "Vateit le'Fanai" and Natsah mi'Panai"?
Ramban: There is no difference, because the 'Lamed' in this sense is often replaced with a 'Mem'. 1
Rashbam: The former means 'It turned away from Me', the latter, 'It turned as it reached me'. 2
And what did the angel mean when he said "Gam oschah Haragti ... "?
Rashi, Ramban #2 and Rashbam: He meant 'I would (not only have stopped you but would) have killed you too, 1 and it would have lived (Consequently, when the ass strayed from the path, it did so exclusively to save Bil'am, thereby implicating Bil'am further for striking it
"ve'Osah Hechyeisi" implies that the angel killed the ass. Why did he do that?
Rashi and Ramban 1 (citing Midrash Rabah): To maintain the reputation of Bil'am, who was unable to stand up to its rebuke, 2 (and so that people should not point at the ass and say 'This is the ass that spoke', and proceed to worship it