hebrew
1)

What is the translation of "Ulai Natsah mi'Panai"?

1.

Rashi: 'Had it not turned away 1 from me'.

2.

Ramban #2: It turned aside in doubt


1

Rashi: As if the Torah had written "Lulei Natsah ..."

2

Ramban: Not because of the angel, which it saw or sensed, but did not comprehend.

3

Refer to 22:33:3:2.

2)

What is the difference between "Vateit le'Fanai" and Natsah mi'Panai"?

1.

Ramban: There is no difference, because the 'Lamed' in this sense is often replaced with a 'Mem'. 1

2.

Rashbam: The former means 'It turned away from Me', the latter, 'It turned as it reached me'. 2


1

Ramban: As in Bereishis 11:8 and in Tehilim, 36:4.

2

Refer to 22:33:1:4.

3)

What did the angel mean when he said "Gam oschah Haragti ... "?

1.

Rashi: He meant 'I would (not only have stopped you but I would) have killed you too, 1 and it would have lived 2 , as if it had written "Gam Haragti Oschah."

2.

Seforno: He was berating him that, by ignoring all the signs, he demonstrated that even if he (the angel) would have killed him and let the donkey live, 3 he would not have refrained from going - demonstrating that he was ready to die for the sake of transgressing the will of Hashem.

3.

Ramban (citing Ibn Ezra): It means literally 'I would have killed you as well as it. 4


1

Ramban: Consequently, when the donkey strayed from the path, it did so exclusively to save Bil'am, thereby implicating Bil'am further for striking it.

2

Da'as Zekenim

4)

"Ve'Osah Hechyeisi" implies that the angel killed the donkey. Why did he do that?

1.

Rashi (citing the Midrash Rabah): To maintain the reputation of Bil'am, who was unable to stand up to its rebuke. 1

2.

Ramban (citing Ibn Ezra): If a person who sees an angel must [normally] die, 2 how much more so an animal, which has nothing in common with an angel.

3.

Ramban #2 3 : So that people should not point at the donkey and say 'This is the donkey that spoke', and proceed to worship it.

4.

Rashbam: 'I would also have killed you (and not just scraped your leg) and it would have lived - as it did anyway, because it did not sin, only you, by striking it'.


1

Rashi: Because Hashem has compdonkeyion on people and guards their dignity, like we find in Vayikra 20:15, 16.

2

Ramban (Ibid.): As indicated in Bereishis 32:31.

3

Ramban: There is a tradition that the donkey died. It is not learned from the Pasuk.

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