hebrew
1)

What are the connotations of "Chavol Sachbol"?

1.

Rashi and Rashbam: It refers specifically to a Mashkon (security) that one claims via Beis-Din 1 after the payment falls due and the debtor refuses to pay.


1

See Devarim 24:11 (Rashbam).

2)

Why does the Pasuk use a double expression "Im Chavol Sachbol"?

1.

Rashi: To teach us that one is obligated to return the Mashkon every morning, as long as he has it. 1


1

Rashi: Your Neshamah goes up to Me every night, and gives a reckoning and is obligated, and I return it to you - also you should do so! Da'as Zekenim - if you do not return it, I will not return your soul, which is My security from you!

3)

What kind of garment is the Pasuk referring to?

1.

Rashi and Rashbam: It is referring to a day garment, 1 which the creditor takes each night, and returns each morning. 2


1

A night-garment one takes each morning and returns each night.

2

As the Gemara explains in Bava Metzi'a, 114b).

4)

Why is Kesuso spelled with a Hei?

1.

Moshav Zekenim: This teaches that if the borrower owes 100 and his garment is worth 200, we do not tell him to sell it and buy another worth 100. 1

2.

R. Shimshon Refa'el Hirsh: The feminine shows that we should feel his weak, downtrodden state.


1

Moshav Zekenim: However, nowadays we rule like R. Tam, that we do not leave a creditor with what he needs.

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