hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah write "Machanayim", meaning two camps, when Yakov met only one group of angels?

1.

Rashi: It refers to the angels of Chutz la'Aretz, who were returning to Heaven, and those of Eretz Yisrael, who were coming to accompany him. 1

2.

Ramban #1: It is a matter of style not to differentiate between singular and plural with regard to place-names.

3.

Ramban #2: It refers to Ya'akov's camp and that of the angels. 2

4.

Moshav Zekenim: He saw two camps of angels, and thought that it is a Siman that he should divide into two camps. Really, it was a hint that the kingship of Yisrael would be divided into two in the days of Rechav'am, or that some Shevatim would inherit in Ever ha'Yarden.

5.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (4, citing R. Efrayim): Machanayim is like Machaneh Yam, for each angel is like a sea 3 - "u'Gviysao ch'Sarsish" (Daniel 10:6).


1

See Ramban's rejection of Rashi's explanation and R. Chevel's commentary. Refer also to 32:2:1:1.

2

Since Tzadikim in this world are compared to angels.

3

Rashi in Daniel: Each angel resembles Yam Tarshish (the Indian ocean), which is 2000 Parsa'os (about 8000 kilometers) wide.

2)

How could Yakov be calm when seeing angels?

1.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (2): His sons were not used to seeing angels in Lavan's house. They feared that the angels are Esav's men coming to fight. Yakov [who was used to seeing them in Yitzchak's house 1 ] assured them that they are angels; they are on our side.

2.

Moshav Zekenim citing R. Yeshayah: He saw them in a dream. When he saw even one angel, he was astounded and said (Bereishis 32:31) "I saw Elohim face to face, and I was saved!" 2


1

Refer to 16:13:3:1*.

2

This is unlike Rashi (Bereishis 32:4, from Bereishis Rabah, and Moshav Zekenim himself) who says that Yakov sent actual angels to Esav. We find that even Hagar saw angels, and was calm! Perhaps, Yakov was astounded because the angel tried to kill him, or because that angel was the Sar of Esav, i.e. the Satan. (PF)

3)

גור אריה: למה קרא למקום מחניים, והרי על הכת הראשונה להסתלק קודם שתבא השניה כי אין מלכות נוגעת בחברתה?

1.

גור אריה: יעקב עדין היה בחו"ל ומלאכי הארץ באו רק לשומרו ממה שימנע ממנו להגיע לארץ, לכן נזקק למלאכי חו"ל לשומרו מנזקים אחרים.

2.

גור אריה: מלאכי חו"ל לא יכלו לעזוב אותו קודם שבאו מלאכי הארץ כדי שלא להשאיר אותו בלי שמירה. 1


1

לדבריו הוסיף הגור אריה שכשיצא יעקב מהארץ עלו מלאכי הארץ קודם שירדו מלאכי חו"ל כי אז ה' ניצב עליו ושמר אותו.

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