hebrew
1)

What is the Chidush 'T'reifah Lo Heveisi Elecha... Genuvsi Yom u'Genuvsi Laylah'? A Shomer Sachar is liable for theft or loss!

1.

Seforno: Yakov meant that even when Lavan demanded payment following an Ones (irrespective of whether it was torn by an animal, or stolen by a human by day or by an animal in the night), 1 he paid up. 2

2.

Moshav Zekenim: I paid 3 even of Tereifah due to Ones. Genuvsi Yom u'Genuvsi Laylah is what became Tereifah through a wolf or lion.

3.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (1, citing R. Yosef Karo): Yakov explains, you cannot say that you chased after me to pay for what became Tereifah or stolen, for I already paid!

4.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (7, citing Chatzi Menasheh citing R. Yosef Angiloni): Hashem decreed that lions tear at night, and at the start of the day, until sunrise - "Laylah... ha'Kefirim Sho'agim la'Taref... Tizrach ha'Shemesh Ye'asefun". I stole from them their entitled prey during the day and at night.


1

Targum Yonasan.

2

Even though a Shomer Sachar is Patur from Onsin. Ramban connotes that he should always be exempt for Tereifah.

3

He connotes that Yakov willingly paid for these.

2)

What is "Achatenah"?

1.

Rashi: I would remove [from my animals to pay for it].

2.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (5): If a lion came to tear from the flock, I seized the prey from the lion, 1 (for I knew that you would demand that I pay you for it).

3.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (6): There was a lion that used to eat from Lavan's flock every day, before I came (Bereishis Rabah 74:11). I "sinned" through depriving the lion of its sustenance. .


1

One may not endanger himself to save money! Bava Metzi'a 93b connotes that a Shomer should gather shepherds with sticks to fight off a lion. Perhaps Yakov, due to his great strength (refer to 29:10:2:1), was able to fight it off himself.

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