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(a) We query Rav Ada bar Ahavah from a Mishnah in Kanin, which discusses a case where Rachel and Le'ah who had given birth, purchased a pair of birds between them - where one of the women had already brought her Olah, and the other, her Chatas. And the pair of birds that they purchased was meant to make up for the two missing Korbanos.
(b) The Tana rules that, in a case where the Kohen brought ...
1. ... both birds above the Chut ha'Sikra - the Olah was Kasher, whereas the Chatas was Pasul.
2. ... one above the Chut ha'Sikra and one below it - both birds are Pasul, because for all we know, the Kohen inadvertently brought the Olah below the Chut and the Chatas above it.
(c) We query Rav Ada bar Ahavah from the latter case as to why the bird that was brought below the Chut ha'Sikra should not be Kasher anyway, even if it was an Olah, like Rav Ada explained. And we answer - that his ruling only applies to a case where one person is concerned, but in this case, how will Le'ah who is Chayav a Chatas, be Yotzei with Rachel's Olah (even according to him).
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(a) The Mishnah also discusses a case where Rachel and Le'ah required six birds between them - the above Olah and Chatas plus a second pair of birds each.
(b) Between them, they brought one Chatas and one Olah, one pair of unspecified birds and one pair of specified birds. Like in the previous case, if the Kohen brought all the birds above the Chut ha'Sikra, half of them are Olos. In a case where the Kohen brought half of them above and half of them below the Chut ha'Sikra, the Tana - invalidates all the birds except for the unspecified ones, one of which automatically becomes a Chatas, the other, an Olah ...
(c) ... based on the Halachah that if the birds are not specified by the owner when he designates them, then they become specified when the Kohen designates them for the Avodah.
(d) To make up for the specified birds that are both Pasul, the two women will be obligated - to purchase another pair of birds and to stipulate that the Olah is being brought on behalf of the one who previously brought a Chatas, and vice-versa.
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(a) We now ask on Rav Ada bar Ahavah the same Kashya that we asked on the previous Mishnah. We cannot answer like we did earlier, that the one woman will not be Yotzei her Chatas with the other's Olah (like we did there) - because we are speaking here, where the women had not specified which one receives which bird (as they did there).
(b) Nor can we answer by establishing the Mishnah in Kanim not like Rebbi Yehoshua - because the author of Kanim is basically Rebbi Yehoshua, as we shall now proceed to prove.
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(a) The Mishnah in Kanim rules that if a pregnant woman makes a Neder to bring a Kan (a pair of birds, either pigeons or young doves) should she give birth to a boy, which she subsequently does - she must bring two Kinin, one for the birth (an Olah and a Chatas), and one for her Neder (two Olos) ...
(b) ... because a Chatas (even a Chatas ha'Of) can never be brought voluntarily.
(c) Assuming that she did not designate the four birds that she subsequently brings, when she hands them to the Kohen - he must bring three birds above the Chut ha'Sikra, and one below it.
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(a) The Tana then discusses what the Din will be if the Kohen - assuming that the woman gave birth be'Zov (thereby requiring two Kinin, each consisting of a Chatas and an Olah) brings two of the birds above the Chut ha'Sikra and two below it without consulting the woman -
(b) Assuming that ...
1. ... both Kinin comprised the same species (either pigeons or young doves) - the woman remains obligated to bring one bird of the same species as the bird that was brought as a Chatas.
2. ... they comprised two different species - she will have to bring two birds, one of each species, since the Tana is speaking where it is unsure which of the two species the Kohen brought first for her Chovah and which he brought last for her Neder (had this been clarified, she would only have had to bring the second bird of whichever species was brought last).
(c) The Din would differ if, in addition, she specified which species she would bring for her Neder, and forgot what she said, assuming that ...
1. ... both Kanin comprised the same species - inasmuch as she would then remain obligated to bring three birds, one of the same species that she brought the first time, and a Kan comprising the other species.
2. ... they comprised two different species - she would still have to bring four birds, one of each species to complement the Chatas of whichever species the Kohen brought last, which is either a pigeon (to which she must add two young doves), or a young dove (to which she must add two pigeons). So she brings two pigeons and two young doves.
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