1)

(a)We learned in a Beraisa 'Yayin ke'Divrei Rebbi Akiva le'Sapalim, Shemen ke'Divrei Rebbi Tarfon le'Ishim'. What reason does a second Beraisa give to explain why Yayin le'Sapalim (and not le'Ishim)?

(b)On whom does this pose a Kashya?

(c)We reconcile Shmuel with this Beraisa, by establishing the author as Rebbi Yehudah? What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

(d)Like whom does Shmuel then hold?

1)

(a)We learned in a Beraisa 'Yayin ke'Divrei Rebbi Akiva le'Sapalim, Shemen ke'Divrei Rebbi Tarfon le'Ishim'. A second Beraisa gives the reason why Yayin le'Sapalim (and not le'Ishim) as - the prohibition of "Lo Yichbeh" ...

(b)... a Kashya on Shmuel.

(c)We reconcile Shmuel with this Beraisa, by establishing the author as Rebbi Yehudah, who holds - Davar she'Eino Miskaven, Chayav ...

(d)... whereas Shmuel holds Davar she'Eino Miskaven, Patur - like Rebbi Shimon.

2)

(a)What does Shmuel say about extinguishing a burning coal in the street if it is made of ...

1. ... metal?

2. ... wood?

(b)Why the difference?

(c)How does this prove that Shmuel really holds like Rebbi Yehudah?

(d)What makes this a case of Melachah she'Einah Tzerichah le'Gufah?

(e)How do we resolve the contradiction in Shmuel? How can he possibly hold both like Rebbi Yehudah and like Rebbi Shimon?

2)

(a)Shmuel rules that extinguishing a burning coal in the street if it is made of ...

1. ... metal - is permitted, to prevent the public from getting hurt.

2. ... wood - is forbidden ...

(b)... because the latter is an Isur d'Oraysa (which the Rabbanan are not empowered to permit), whereas the former is only Asur mi'de'Rabbanan.

(c)This proves that Shmuel really holds like Rebbi Yehudah, because if he held like Rebbi Shimon (who also holds Melachah she'Einah Tzerichah le'Gufah, Patur), then he would allow the removal of a wooden coal, as well (see Tosfos 'DH' 'Melachah').

(d)What makes this a case of Melachah she'Einah Tzerichah le'Gufah is the fact that - one only extinguishes the coal in order to remove the danger, not because he needs the extinguished coal (in the same way as Rebbi Shimon considers carrying a deceased person out of the house to bury him Melachah she'Einah Tzerichah le'Gufah).

(e)We resolve the contradiction in Shmuel - by establishing him like Rebbi Yehudah with regard to Melachah she'Einah Tzerichah le'Gufah, and like Rebbi Shimon regarding Davar she'Eino Miskaven.

3)

(a)What does Rav Huna learn from the Pasuk in Tzav "ve'Chol Chatas ... ba'Kodesh ba'Eish Tisaref"? What does "ve'Chol" come to include?

(b)Where did they burn all other Pesulei Kodshei Kodshim?

(c)Then why can they not burn the Nesachim she'Nitme'u there as well?

3)

(a)Rav Huna learns from the Pasuk in Tzav "ve'Chol Chatas ... ba'Kodesh ba'Eish Tisaref" that - when Nesachim become Tamei, they must be burned on a special Ma'arachah on the floor of the Mizbe'ach.

(b)They burn all other Pesulei Kodshei Kodshim - on the Beis ha'Deshen in the Azarah ...

(c)... and the reason that they do not burn the Nesachim there as well, is because since they are liquid, their burning together with all the solid Pesulim will not be noticeable in the regular Beis ha'Deshen.

4)

(a)We learned a Beraisa in support of Rav Huna. What does the Tana add to Nesachim she'Nitme'u?

(b)What did Shmuel say to Rav Chana Bagdesa'a about Nesachim she'Nitme'u?

4)

(a)We learned a Beraisa in support of Rav Huna, where the Tana adds to Nesachim she'Nitme'u' - ha'Dam, ve'ha'Shemen, ve'ha'Menachos.

(b)Shmuel asked Rav Chana Bagdesa'a - to bring him ten men, so that he could announce in front of them that Nesachim she'Nitme'u Oseh lahen Ma'arachah Bif'nei Atzman ve'Sorfan'.

Hadran alach 'Kol ha'Tadir'

Perek Dam Chatas

5)

(a)What does our Mishnah say about the blood of a Chatas that squirted on to a garment?

(b)What is the initial source for this?

(c)What do we learn from the Pasuk in Tzav "Zos Toras ha'Chatas"?

5)

(a)Our Mishnah rules that if the blood of a Chatas squirted on to a garment - that garment must be washed in the Azarah.

(b)The initial source for this is - the Pasuk in Tzav "be'Makom Kadosh Te'achel".

(c)We learn from the Pasuk "Zos Toras ha'Chatas" that - this ruling extends to the blood of Chata'os Penimiyos (even though they are not eaten).

6)

(a)Does the above ruling also extend to the blood of Chata'os Pesulos ...

1. ... which did not have a Sha'as ha'Kosher"?

2. ... which had a Sha'as ha'Kosher?

(b)What are examples of ...

1. ... she'Haysah lah 'Sha'as ha'Kosher?

2. ... she'Lo Haysah lah Sha'as ha'Kosher?

(c)What do we learn from "Zos" (in the Pasuk in Tzav [in connection with a Chatas Beheimah) "Zos Torah ha'Chatas")?

6)

(a)The above ruling does not extend to the blood of Chata'os Pesulos ...

1. ... which did not have a Sha'as ha'Kosher" ...

2. ... or even if they did.

(b)Examples of ...

1. ... she'Haysah lah Sha'as ha'Kosher are - if the blood stayed overnight without being sprinkled, became Tamei or was taken out of the Azarah.

2. ... 'she'Lo Haysah lah Sha'as ha'Kosher' are - if the animal was Shechted with a Machshavah of Chutz li'Zemanah or Chutz li'Mekomah or if Pesulim received the blood.

(c)And we learn from "Zos" (in the Pasuk in Tzav [in connection with a Chatas Beheimah) that - the basic Halachah regarding Kibus does not extend to the blood of birds.

7)

(a)What does Resh Lakish quoting bar Kapara, learn from "Tishachet" (Ibid.)?

(b)Why will "Zos" not suffice to teach us this?

(c)On what basis do we then include Chata'os Penimiyos, and preclude Ofos?

(d)In fact, Chata'os Penimiyos are more similar to Chata'os Chitzonos than Chatas ha'Of in no less than eight respects: Beheimah, Shechitah, Tzafon, Kabalas K'li, K'ranos, Chudah shel Keren, Etzba and Emureihen le'Ishim. In which two respects is Chatas ha'Of more similar to Chata'os Chitzonos than Chata'os Penimiyos?

7)

(a)Resh Lakish quoting bar Kapara, learns from "Tishachet" (Ibid.) that - the basic Pasuk requiring Kibus is confined to animals (that are Shechted) and not to birds (that are killed by means of Melikah), as we just learned.

(b)"Zos" will not suffice to teach us this - because if not for "Tishachet", "Zos" might just as well preclude Chata'os Penimiyos, which are not eaten (and the Torah writes "Te'achel", as we explained in the Mishnah).

(c)We preclude Ofos and include Chata'os Penimiyos - because they are similar to Chata'os Chitzonos in more respects than Chatas ha'Of is.

(d)In fact, Chata'os Penimiyos are more similar to Chata'os Chitzonos than Chatas ha'Of in no less than eight respects 'Beheimah, Shechitah, Tzafon, Kabalas K'li, K'ranos, Chudah shel Keren, Etzba and Emureihen le'Ishim'. Chatas ha'Of is more similar to Chata'os Chitzonos than Chata'os Penimiyos inasmuch as - it is brought ba'Chutz and that it is eaten, like they are.

92b----------------------------------------92b

8)

(a)Rav Yosef solves the problem of whether to preclude from the Din of Kibus, Chata'os Penimiyos or Chatas ha'Of, by referring to the word "Yochlenah" (in the previous Pasuk). How does he do that?

(b)Then why do we need "Zos"?

(c)What does Rabah mean when he says "Asher Yizeh mi'Damah", 'be'Niza'os ha'Kasuv Medaber'? Where does the Torah specifically write Haza'ah?

(d)From where do we then learn Haza'ah by the Chata'os Chitzoniyos?

8)

(a)Rav Yosef solves the problem of whether to preclude Chata'os Penimiyos or Chatas ha'Of from the Din of Kibus, by referring to the word "Yochlenah" (in the previous Pasuk) - which teaches us to preclude from "Zos" something that is eaten, like Chata'os Chitzoniyos (and birds are eaten, whereas Chata'os Penimiyos are not).

(b)We nevertheless need "Zos" - because otherwise we would have presumed "Yochlenah" to be a natural expression (from which nothing can be learned).

(c)When Rabah says "Yizeh mi'Damah", 'be'Niza'os ha'Kasuv Medaber", he means that - the Torah is talking (not about Chata'os Chitzonos, as we assumed until now, but) - about Chata'os Penimiyos, because it is in connection to them that the Torah mentions Haza'ah specifically ...

(d)... and we learn Haza'ah by the Chata'os Chitzoniyos - from "Zos Toras ha'Chatas" (in Parshas Tzav).

9)

(a)How will Rabah then explain ...

1. ... 'Af-al-Pi she'Ein ha'Kasuv Medaber Ela be'Ne'echalos in our Mishnah?

2. ... the Mishnah 'Echad ha'Ne'echalos ve'Echad ha'Penimiyos', as if the Tana was learning the latter from the former, instead of vice-versa?

(b)Here again, we prefer to include Chata'os Chitzoniyos and preclude Ofos, because the former are similar to Chata'os Penimiyos in more ways than the latter are. Which is the only similarity between Ofos and Chata'os Chitzoniyos?

9)

(a)Rabah will explain ...

1. ... 'Af-al-Pi she'Ein ha'Kasuv Medaber Ela be'Ne'echalos' in our Mishnah - with regard to Merikah and Shetifah (which we have yet to discuss), but not with regard to Kibus.

2. ... the Mishnah 'Echad ha'Ne'echalos ve'Echad ha'Penimiyos', as if the Tana was learning the latter from the former, instead of vice-versa - by actually inverting the two, to now read 'Echad ha'Penimiyos ve'Echad ha'Ne'echalos'.

(b)Here again, we prefer to include Chata'os Chitzoniyos and preclude Ofos, because the former are similar to Chata'os Penimiyos in more ways than the latter are. The only similarity between Ofos and Chata'os Penimiyos (that does not exist by Chata'os Chitzoniyus) is - that they are both sprinkled in the same way.

10)

(a)Rebbi Avin asks what the Din will be if the Kohen takes a Chatas ha'Of inside the Heichal with the blood on its neck. What would the Din be if he did the same thing with a Chatas Beheimah?

(b)Then what causes him to ask the She'eilah by Chatas ha'Of?

(c)What are the two sides of Rebbi Avin's She'eilah?

(d)How do we try to resolve it from the Beraisa (in connection with a Chatas ha'Of) 'Pirch'sah Ve'nichn'sah li'Fenim ve'Chazrah, Kesheirah'? What do we extrapolate from there?

10)

(a)Rebbi Avin asks what the Din will be if the Kohen takes a Chatas ha'Of inside the Heichal with the blood on its neck. If he did the same thing with a Chatas Beheimah - the animal would be Kasher, since he did not take it there in a K'li Shareis ...

(b)... and the reason that he asks the She'eilah by Chatas ha'Of is - because birds do not require a K'li Shareis ...

(c)... and the two sides of Rebbi Avin's She'eilah are - whether the animal's neck takes the place of a K'li Shareis (in which case, it will be Pasul), or whether it will be Kasher, since the Torah writes "mi'Damah", from which we Darshen 've'Lo Besarah' (not if he took it inside together with its flesh).

(d)We try to resolve the She'eilah from the Beraisa (in connection with a Chatas ha'Of) 'Pirch'sah Ve'nichn'sah li'Fenim ve'Chazrah, Kesheirah', from which we extrapolate - 'Ha Hichnisah, Pesulah'.

11)

(a)We counter this proof from a similar Beraisa which says (in connection with Kodshei Kodshim) 'Pirch'sah ve'Yatz'ah le'Darom ve'Chazrah, Kesheirah'. What is the problem with making the same inference there?

(b)If not for the inference, why would the Tana have anyway inserted the case of Yatz'ah le'Darom?

(c)How does that affect our attempt to resolve Rebbi Avin's She'eilah from 'Chatas ha'Of she'Nichn'sah li'Fenim Ve'chazrah'?

(d)Seeing as in the cases of Nichn'sah bi'Fenim and Yatz'ah le'Darom, Ve'chazrah is superfluous, why does the Tana mention it?

11)

(a)We counter this proof from a similar Beraisa which rules (in connection with Kodshei Kodshim) 'Pirch'sah ve'Yatz'ah le'Darom ve'Chazrah, Kesheirah'. The problem with making the same inference there is that - there is no mark delineating the northern and southern sections of the Azarah, so how can an animal possibly become Pasul by being taken to the south side?

12)

(a)Rebbi Avin also asked whether blood that spills from the bird's neck on to the floor of the Azarah, and the Kohen gathers it, is Kasher for Haza'ah or not. What would be the Din in the equivalent case, if blood spilled on the floor from the neck of a Chatas Beheimah?

(b)So what is the basis of Rebbi Avin's She'eilah? Why might the Halachah differ by the blood of a bird that spilt?

(c)Why, on the other hand, might it be Pasul there, too?

12)

(a)Rebbi Avin also asked whether blood that spilled from the bird's neck on to the floor of the Azarah, and the Kohen gathered it, is Kasher for Haza'ah or not. In the equivalent case, if blood spilled on the floor from the neck of a Chatas Beheimah - it would be Pasul (because it spilled before being received in a K'li Shareis).

(b)And the basis of Rebbi Avin's She'eilah is - whether, since the Torah did not prescribe a K'li Shareis for the blood of a bird, its neck takes the place of a K'li Shareis. If it does, then it will be Kasher.

(c)On the other hand, it might be Pasul there too - because maybe the Torah deliberately disqualifies a K'li Shareis by the blood of a bird, and if a K'li Shareis renders the blood Pasul, how much more so the floor.

13)

(a)We already discussed the Beraisa regarding Dam Chatas ha'Of. What does the Tana learn from "Zos"?

(b)How does Rava attempt to resolve the current She'eilah from there? What would be the problem with that, if the blood from the floor is Pasul?

(c)How does Rav Huna b'rei de'Rav Yehoshua establish the Beraisa, to refute the proof?

13)

(a)We already discussed the Beraisa regarding Dam Chatas ha'Of. The Tana learns from "Zos" that - the blood of Chatas ha'Of does not require Kibus.

(b)Rava tries to resolve the current She'eilah from there - because if the blood from the floor is Pasul, then it will also be Pasul from the moment it enters the air-space of the garment on which it is squirting (and why do we then need "Zos" to render it Pasul).

(c)To refute the proof, Rav Huna b'rei de'Rav Yehoshua establishes the Beraisa - where the Kohen is actually holding the bird right next to the garment (so that there is no air in between them.

14)

(a)Levi asked Rebbi whether, if the blood of a Korban Beheimah splashes off one garment on to another, the second garment requires Kibus or not. What is the She'eilah? Why should it not require Kibus, even if the blood of a bird which spilt from the K'li on to the floor does?

(b)What did Rebbi reply?

(c)Why will Rebbi require Kibus, even if we hold Osfo u'Pasul?

(d)But did we not learn in our Mishnah that the garment does not require Kibus, even if had a Sha'as ha'Kosher?

14)

(a)Levi asked Rebbi whether, if the blood of a Korban Beheimah bounces off one garment on to another, the second garment requires Kibus or not - whether it is perhaps worse than the blood of a bird which spilt from the K'li on to the floor, where it is at least fit to pick up and perform Haza'ah with it, whereas here, having already been Chayav Kibus, when it squirted on to the first garment, it is no longer eligible for Haza'ah.

(b)Rebbi replied - that Mah Nafshach, it requires Kibus. If it is still eligible (which Levi took for granted it is not), then it certainly requires Kibus; but even if it is not (Osfo u'Pasul), he rules Ta'un Kibus ...

(c)... because he follows the opinion of Rebbi Ya'akov, who holds that even if the blood is Pasul, it still requires Kibus, since it had a Sha'as ha'Kosher.

(d)We did indeed learn in our Mishnah that the garment does not require Kibus, even if had a Sha'as ha'Kosher - but that was the opinion of the Rabbanan, who argue with Rebbi Ya'akov (as we will soon see).

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