POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
1) LIABILITY FOR OFFERING OUTSIDE THE "MIKDASH"
(a) (R. Yochanan): If a (Kodesh) animal was slaughtered at night in the Mikdash, one who offers it outside (on a Bamah) is Chayav (Kares). Shechitah at night is no 'worse' (more Pasul than) Shechutei Chutz (and we know that one who offers Shechutei Chutz outside is liable for this and for the Shechitah)!
(b) Question (R. Chiya bar Avin - Mishnah): If one slaughtered a (Kodesh) bird inside (the Mikdash) and offered it outside, he is exempt;
1. If he slaughtered and offered it outside, he is liable (for both of these).
2. According to R. Yochanan, Shechitah inside should be no worse than Shechitah outside. He should be liable (for offering outside) also in the first case!
(c) R. Yochanan is refuted;
(d) Alternatively, we can answer for R. Yochanan. Shechitah of a bird inside is indeed worse than Shechitah outside. Inside one must do Melikah, and not slaughter. It is as if it were killed without Shechitah.
2) "EIMURIM" BROUGHT UP BEFORE "ZERIKAH"
(a) (Ula): If Eimurim of Kodshim Kalim Alu before Zerikah, Lo Yerdu, for they became 'food' of the Mizbe'ach.
(b) Support (R. Zeira - Mishnah): If the blood spilled, or the blood left the Azarah (R. Yehudah says Yered, R. Shimon says Lo Yered);
1. There, Zerikah cannot be done, yet Lo Yered. Here, Zerikah can be done, all the more so Lo Yered!
(c) Rejection (of support): (Perhaps) the Mishnah discusses (only) Kodshei Kodoshim.
(d) Question: Later it mentions Korban Pesach, which is Kodshim Kalim!
(e) Answer: It discusses Pesach only with respect to Lo Lishmah, but not to the previous cases.
(f) Support (Mishnah): If any of them (the Pesulim mentioned above) Alah when alive, Yered.
1. Inference: If any of them Alah after Shechitah, Lo Yered.
2. Suggestion: This applies to Kodshim Kalim and Kodshei Kodoshim alike.
(g) Rejection: No, the inference is, if it came up slaughtered, in some cases (Kodshim Kalim) Yered, in some cases (Kodshei Kodoshim) Lo Yered.
(h) Question: It says any of them!
(i) Answer: That is for the simple meaning (not the inference), that if any of them Alah when alive, Yered.
(j) Objection: This is obvious!
(k) Answer: The Chidush is regarding Dukin in the eye, according to R. Akiva, who says Lo Yered regarding such Mumim (if already slaughtered).
(l) Question: The next clause proves that the Mishnah discusses Kosher Korbanos!
1. (Mishnah): Similarly, if an Olah came up alive, Yered;
2. If it was slaughtered on the Mizbe'ach, it is flayed and dissected on the Mizbe'ach.
3. A Pasul Olah is not (Rashi - need not be) dissected!
i. "V'Nitach Osah" - a Kosher Olah is dissected, but not a Pasul one.
(m) Answer: Indeed, the Seifa discusses a Kosher Korban (but the previous clause does not).
3) "EIMURIM" BROUGHT UP BEFORE "ZERIKAH" (cont.)
(a) Question: What is the Chidush of the Seifa?
(b) Answer #1: It teaches that we may flay and dissect on top of the Mizbe'ach.
(c) Question: According to the opinion that we may not flay and dissect on top of the Mizbe'ach, how can we answer?
(d) Answer #2: The case is, it was once Kosher to be offered and became Pasul;
1. The Mishnah is like R. Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon, who says that once Kosher Zerikah was done, (if it later became Pasul) we flay it and Kohanim receive the skin. (If it was on the Mizbe'ach at the time, we dissect it there and offer it, for if we take it down, it will be forbidden to bring it up again.)
(e) Question (Beraisa): We take the innards down and rinse them (We would not do so if it were Pasul, for then they cannot be offered!)
(f) Answer: (Indeed, even if it is Pasul, we must do so.) Should we offer the innards with the Peresh (excrement in the intestines)?! "Hakrivehu Na l'Fechasecha...(if you would give a sickly animal to your governor for a gift, would he accept it and favor you due to it?!" Likewise, one should not offer repulsive Korbanos!)
(g) Question: If it were Pasul, we would not rinse them. Perhaps a Kohen will see them and (unaware that the Korban was Pasul) offer them;
1. Chachamim would not sanction something that may cause one to transgress!
(h) Answer: It is a disgrace to leave the innards covered with Peresh like a carcass. This overrides the concern for transgression.
(i) Version #1 (R. Chiya bar Aba) Question (R. Yochanan): If Eimurim of Kodshim Kalim came up before Zerikah, do we take them down?
1. R. Ami (to R. Yochanan): Why don't you ask whether or not Me'ilah applies to them?
2. R. Yochanan: That is clear to me. Me'ilah does not apply until Zerikah.
(j) R. Yochanan (later) concluded that Lo Yered, and there is no Me'ilah.
(k) Version #2 - Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak - (R. Chiya bar Aba) Question (R. Yochanan): If Eimurim of Kodshim Kalim came up before Zerikah, does Me'ilah apply to them?
1. R. Ami (to R. Yochanan): Why don't you ask whether or not Yered?
2. R. Yochanan: That is clear to me. Lo Yered, because they became food of the Mizbe'ach.
(l) R. Yochanan (later) concluded that Lo Yered, and there is no Me'ilah.
4) ARE "BA'ALEI MUMIM" TAKEN DOWN?
(a) (Mishnah): The following Pesulim were not b'Kodesh...
(b) (R. Yochanan): R. Akiva is Machshir only a film over the eye (or other minor Mumim), for this does not disqualify birds;
1. He is Machshir only if the Mum arose after it was Hukdash.
2. He admits that a female Olah is taken down, like a Mum that preceded the Hekdesh.
(c) Question (R. Yirmeyah): If a bird was Nirva (a man had relations with it), is it Pasul for a Korban?
1. "Min ha'Behemah" excludes Rove'a and Nirva. Perhaps this applies only to an animal, which can be Rove'a (have relations with a woman) and be Nirva, but not to a bird, which can only be Nirva!
2. Or, since a transgression was done with the bird, it is forbidden?
(d) Answer (Rabah - Mishnah - R. Akiva): A Ba'al Mum is not taken down (for this does not disqualify birds);
1. If a Nirva bird was Kosher, R. Akiva would say Lo Yered also regarding a Nirva (animal)!
(e) Support (Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak - Beraisa): Melikah of the following has Tum'as Beis ha'Bli'ah: a Nirva, Muktzeh, Ne'evad, Mechir, Esnan, Tumtum and Androginus.
(f) (Mishnah - R. Chanina the Segan): (My father would push Ba'alei Mumim off the Mizbe'ach...)
(g) Question: What is the Chidush? (Also the first Tana says Yered regarding a Ba'al Mum)!
(h) Answer #1: R. Chanina teaches that cases occurred and this opinion was followed.
(i) Answer #2: His father would push them off the Mizbe'ach backhandedly.
5) THINGS NOT PROPER FOR THE "MIZBE'ACH"
(a) (Mishnah): Just like if it went up, Lo Yered...
(b) (Ula): This is only if it did not catch fire. If it caught fire, Ya'aleh.
(c) Opinion #1 (Rav Mari): Ula refers to our Mishnah (if Pesulim were taken down, Lo Ya'alu).
(d) Opinion #2 (Rav Chanina of Sura): Ula was explaining the coming Mishnah:
1. (Mishnah): The following are offered if they are still attached - bones, sinews, horns and hooves;
2. If they separate, Lo Ya'alu;
3. (Ula): This is only if they did not catch fire. If they caught fire, Ya'alu.
(e) Rav Chanina explained that Ula refers to the coming Mishnah. All the more so, he would say that he also refers to our Mishnah;
(f) Rav Mari explained that Ula refers to our Mishnah, but not to the coming Mishnah, for we are never Maktir bones, sinews...
(g) (Mishnah): The following, even if they came up, Yerdu:
1. Meat of Kodshei Kodoshim (except for Olah) and Kodshim Kalim, the remainder of the Omer or a Minchah (after Kemitzah), Shtei ha'Lechem, Lechem ha'Panim, and Ketores;
(h) The following are offered if they are still attached:
1. Wool on the head of a lamb, the beard of a goat, bones, sinews, horns and hooves;
i. We learn from "v'Hiktir ha'Kohen Es ha'Kol."
2. If they came off, Lo Ya'alu - "v'Asisa Olosecha ha'Basar veha'Dam" (only meat and blood are offered by themselves).
(i) (Beraisa): "V'Hiktir ha'Kohen Es ha'Kol ha'Mizbechah" includes bones, sinews, horns and hooves;
(j) Suggestion: Perhaps this is even if they separated!
(k) Rejection: "V'Asisa Olosecha ha'Basar veha'Dam."