prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) Under what circumstances is a Zar who eats Terumah Chayav to add a fifth (a Chomesh)?
(b) What is a Chomesh in real terms?
(c) Who else besides eating does the Tana incorporate in the ruling?
(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "va'Tavo ka'Mayim be'Kirbi, u'che'Shemen be'Atzmosai"?
(a) Does it make any difference whether he eats Terumah Tehorah or Terumah Temei'ah?
(b) What does the Tana mean when he says Meshalem Chumsha ve'Chomesh Chumsha"?
(c) What sort of 'currency' does he actually pay the Kohen?
(d) The reason for this might be because the Zar is not permitted to pay a debt with money that is not his (see Tosfos Rebbi Akiva Eiger and Tiferes Yisrael). What do we learn from the Pasuk in Emor "ve'Nasan la'Kohen es ha'Kodesh"?
(a) What happens to the Chulin that the Zar pays the Kohen ...
1. ... for the first Batch that he ate?
2. ... should he eat the batch that he gave the Kohen as payment as well?
(b) What does the Mishnah say about where the Kohen is Mochel the Zar?
(c) Why is that?
(a) Is a Kohenes permitted to eat Terumah?
(b) What does the Mishnah rule in a case where a bas Yisrael married a Kohen after having eaten Terumah ...
1. ... before having given it to a Kohen?
2. ... after having given it to a Kohen?
(c) On what basis is she permitted to keep the Chomesh herself?
(a) According to Rebbi Meir, if Reuven feeds his workers or his guests Terumah be'Shogeg, he is obligated to pay the Kohen the Keren. Why is that?
(b) Then why do they pay the Chomesh, and not he?
(c) According to the Chachamim, they must pay the Keren as well. What about Reuven?
(d) What is the practical difference between the two rulings (see Tiferes Yisrael)?
(a) A Zar who stole Terumah but did not eat it, is obligated to pay the Kefel (for stealing) 'Dmei Terumah'. What is the significance of 'Dmei Terumah?
(b) What must he pay (over and above that) if he then ate it?
(c) What must he pay, and from what is he exempt, if he stole Terumas Hekdesh?
(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Mishpatim "Yeshalem Shenayim le'Re'ehu"?
(a) What does Rebbi Meir say about a Zar who is Chayav to pay the Kohen Chulin which is fit to become Terumah, paying a Kohen with ...
1. ... Leket, Shikchah, Pe'ah or Hefker? Why is that?
2. ... Ma'aser Rishon whose Terumah has been separated or Ma'aser Sheni or Hekdesh that were redeemed?
(b) On which cases do the Chachamim argue?
(c) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) According to Rebbi Eliezer, a Zar who is Chayav to pay the Kohen Chulin that is fit to become Terumah is permitted to pay with a different species (e.g. dates for having eaten Gerogros). Under what condition may is do so?
(b) How will we explain this, assuming the payment is 'L'fi Damim (according to the value), rather than 'L'fi Midah' (according to the measure, irrespective of the value)?
(c) What does Rebbi Akiva say?
(d) What will be the repercussions of this ruling, assuming the Zar ate, say, cucumbers of Terumah in Erev Shevi'is?