prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) How do we learn from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Lo Silbash Sha'atnez Tzemer u'Fishtim Yachdav" that the Isur of Sha'atnez is confined to wool and linen?
(b) How many kinds of wool does "Tzemer" incorporate?
(c) How do we learn this from the Pasuk in Melachim (in connection with the gift that Meisha the King of Mo'av sent the King of Yisrael) "Me'ah Elef Karim u'Me'ah Elef Eilim Tzemer"?
(a) And what do we learn from the Pasuk in Tazri'a (in connection with Tzara'as Begadim) "be'Veged Tzemer O be'Veged Pishtim"?
(b) In which other area of Halachah do we find garments of wool and linen exclusively?
(c) This is based on the word "Sheish" that describes some of the their garments. What is then the meaning of the word "Bad" that also appears there?
(d) The belt worn by the Kohanim contained T'cheiles, Argaman & Tola'as Shani. What is ...
1. ... "T'cheiles"?
2. ... "Argaman"?
3. ... "Tola'as Shani"?
(a) On what condition does the Mishnah permit a garment that contains both linen threads and threads made of sheep's wool combined with camel's wool?
(b) What if the ratio of the latter is fifty-fifty?
(c) And what does the Tana say about a similar case where the garment contains both woolen threads and threads made of linen combined with hemp?
(a) The Mishnah precludes Shirayim and Chalach from the Din of Kil'ayim. What are 'Shirayim' and 'Chalach'?
(b) Why does the Tana nevertheless forbid them in a linen garment?
(c) Why is it then permitted nowadays?
(d) What about wearing a linen garment that contains hemp?
(a) From where do we learn that cushions and covers containing Sha'atnez are permitted?
(b) On what condition ...
1. ... does the Tana permit them?
2. ... are even they forbidden?
(c) Why, in the latter case, is it forbidden even if they are placed underneath ten sheets?
(a) Why does the Mishnah forbid wearing Sha'atnez even for a brief spell?
(b) And what does the Tana say about wearing Sha'atnez ...
1. ... on top of ten garments?
2. ... in order to evade paying tax?
(c) In view of Mishnah 4, which clashes with this latter ruling (permitting salesmen to wear Sha'atnez garments to show their clients how they look, what is the Halachah (see Tos. Yom-Tov)?
(a) What does the Tana Kama say about Kil'ayim in hand-towels, Seifer-Torah covers and bath-towels? Are they subject to Kil'ayim?
(b) With which of the three does R. Eliezer disagree?
(c) Why does he forbid ...
1. ... hand-towels?
2. ... barber's cloths?
3. ... bath-towels?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah? Seifer-Torah covers
(e) Why does the Tana Kama concede that barbers' gowns are subject to Kil'ayim?
(a) On what grounds does the Mishnah permit Kil'ayim in ...
1. ... the shrouds with which one buries a Meis?
2. ... the saddle-cloth of a donkey even if one's body touches them? In what way are they better than cushions and covers?
(b) What does the Tana say about carrying it on one's shoulder?
(c) Why is that (see Tos. Yom-Tov & Tiferes Yisrael)?
(a) Is one permitted to sell a garment containing Sha'atnez?
(b) On what condition does the Tana permit a clothes-salesman to wear a Sha'atnez garment to show a potential client what it looks like?
(c) What did the 'Tzenu'im' (who were more meticulous in the observance of Mitzvos) used to do?
(a) Is a tailor permitted to make a garment of Sha'atnez?
(b) Based on the same principle as the previous Mishnah, on what condition does the Tana permit a tailor stitching a garment containing Kilayim, to hold the material on his lap or on his shoulders?
(c) What do the 'Tzenu'im' do?
(a) The Mishnah now discusses various kinds of cloths that might contain Sha'atnez. 'Barsin' and 'Bardesin' are both woolen covers with which one covers beds. What is the technical difference between them?
(b) Dalmetikyon on the other hand, and Man'alos ha'Pinun are both worn. What are ...
1. ... 'Dalmetikyon'?
2. ... 'Min'alos ha'Pinun'?
(c) What ruling does the Tana Kama issue concerning all of the above?
(a) On what grounds does R. Yossi disagree with the Tana Kama?
(b) Why would even R. Yossi agree however, that nowadays, they all need to be checked for Sha'atnez?
(c) The Mishnah finally discusses Min'al shel Zered (or Zerev). What is 'Min'al shel Zered'? Why is it called by that name?
(d) Why does it not need checking?
(a) The Tana confines Sha'atnez to what is Tavuy ve'Arug. What are 'Tavuy' and 'Arug'?
(b) How do we learn this (in part at least) from the word "Sha'atnez"? What is "Sha'atnez" the acronym of?
(c) What do these three things, respectively, mean?
(d) According to this explanation, from where do we know that the wool and linen must then be woven together?
(a) How can a garment be forbidden, even though the wool and linen are not actually woven together?
(b) Based on what we just learned, why does the Torah need to specifically permit Kilayim be'Tzitzis? Why would it otherwise be forbidden?
(c) How do we know that the Tzitzis must be spun and twined?
(a) Initially, it appears that we learn the need for the wool and linen to be woven from the word "Yachdav". What is the problem with this?
(b) What is therefore the preferred explanation (which also conforms with that of the Yerushalmi)?
(c) What does R. Shimon ben Elazar Darshen from the word "Nuz"?
(a) The Mishnah now discusses Levadin. What are 'Levadim'?
(b) On what grounds does the Tana render them subject to Kil'ayim, even though they have not been spun, twisted or woven?
(c) Why is that?
(d) What major principle does this teach us?
(a) The Mishnah now discusses Piv shel Tzemer. What is 'Piv shel Tzemer'?
(b) Why is it too, subject to Kil'ayim (i.e. if the garment is made of linen, it may not comprise wool) even though it is not actually part of the woven garment?
(a) The Mishnah now discusses Meshichos shel Argaman. What are 'Meshichos shel Argaman'?
(b) What are they are used for?
(c) What does R. Yossi say about them?
(d) Why is that?
(a) The Tana also forbids tying 'Seret shel Tzemer be'shel Pishtan'. What does that mean?
(b) What if they are tied to either end of a leather strap (so that they are not actually tied together to form a belt?
(c) Then why is it forbidden?
(d) How do we know that this would be permitted if they were not tied together at all?
(a) What are 'Osos ha'Gardi'im & 'Osos ha'Kovsin', respectively?
(b) What does the Mishnah say about them?
(c) And what does the Tana say about threading a linen thread just once through a woolen garment, or vice-versa, and leaving the thread there?
(a) The Mishnah also renders Patur someone who removes the above thread on Shabbos. What is the Tana coming to teach us?
(b) On what condition does the Tana Kama render him Chayav?
(c) What does R. Yehudah say?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) What does the Tana mean when it rules 'ha'Sac ve'ha'Kupah Mitztarfin le'Kil'Yim'?
(b) Why might we otherwise have thought that they are not subject to Kil'ayim?
*** Hadran Alach 'Ein Asur' ve'Nishl'mah Maseches Kil'ayim ***