prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) The Mishnah now discusses 'ha'Mavrich es ha'Gefen'. What does 'Mavrich' mean (see Tos. Yom-Tov)?
(b) How much earth must cover the newly planted branch in order to plant vegetables on top of it?
(c) How far away from the trunk must the new vine be for this to be permitted?
(d) Why is that?
(e) What will be the Din with regard to planting vegetables immediately beyond the new vine?
(a) The Tana forbids less than three Tefachim even if the new branch is growing inside a gourd or a pipe, above which the owner now wants to plant the vegetables. Why is that?
(b) Why are the tree and the gourd not Kil'ayim?
(c) What will the Din be if the vine is replanted inside a rock? How much space must there then be between the rock and the vegetables?
(d) Why the difference between the pipe and the rock?
(a) Now the Mishnah discusses ha'Arkuvah she'be'Gefen. What is 'Arkuvah she'be'Gefen'?
(b) From which section of the vine must someone who wants to plant vegetables in that area measure the six Tefachim of Avodas Gefen Yechidis?
(a) How is it possible, according to R. Eliezer b'R. Tzadok, to turn three vines into a Kerem without planting new ones?
(b) What are the minimum and maximum distances that the 'new' vines must be from the old ones for this to take effect?
(c) What if one is only Mavrich two of the three vines?
(d) What Chidush is the Mishnah coming to teach us?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about planting vegetables beside a vine that has dried-up?
(b) If it is not 'Mekadesh' the vegetables, then why is it forbidden?
(c) This is certainly the case in the winter, when all vines appear to have died. But what about the summer?
(a) R. Meir issues the same ruling with regard to Tzemer-Gefen. What is 'Tzemer-Gefen'?
(b) Why is it not 'Mekadesh'?
(c) What does R. Eliezer b'R. Tzadok quote R. Meir as saying?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) The Mishnah now lists four more cases of 'Osrin ve'Lo Mekadshin', the first of which is 'Mosar Chorban ha'Kerem' (otherwise known as 'Karachas ha'Kerem'). What are the ramifications of this ruling?
(b) And what are the ramifications of ...
1. ... the second case, 'Mosar M'chol ha'Kerem'?
2. ... the third case, 'Mosar Piskei Aris'?
(c) Why does the Tana present this case in the plural ' ... Piskei ... '? What will be the Din if there was only one trellis?
(d) And what are the ramifications of the fourth case 'Mosar Apifrayos'?
(a) What does the Tana finally say about vegetables that one planted ...
1. ... underneath a vine?
2. ... within the Avodas ha'Gefen (six Tefachim) of a single vine?
3. ... within the Avodas ha'Kerem?
(b) What is the Shi'ur of Avodas ...
1. ... ha'Gefen of a single vine?
2. ... ha'Kerem?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about Reuven who arranges his vines to grow over Shimon's crops (see Tos. Yom-Tov)?
(b) Why will even the opinions that do not hold of 'Dina de'Garmi' (i.e. who exempt a person who causes damage from payment) concede that he is Chayav to pay?
(a) What do R. Yossi and R. Shimon say?
(b) Will they also permit Shimon's pot if Reuven threw Cheilev or blood into it?
(c) How do they extrapolate their ruling from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Lo Tizra Karm'cha Kilayim?
(d) How do the Chachamim counter their D'rashah from the very same Pasuk?
(a) R. Yossi relates how one person once planted crops in his vineyard during a Shemitah year and the case was brought before R. Akiva. What did R. Akiva rule?
(b) Why did Rebbi Akiva rule like this?
(c) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) The Mishnah discusses somebody who 'steals' a vineyard and plants in it. What does 've'Yatza mi'Lefanav' mean?
(b) What does the Tana permit the owner to do on Chol ha'Mo'ed?
(a) The reason for the above concession might well be because of Mar'is ha'Ayin. Why might it otherwise not be necessary to pick the harvest until after Yom-Tov?
(b) Who is the author of the Mishnah?
(c) Alternatively, why might it be Halachically obligatory to pick the crops immediately?
(a) Up to how much above the going rate does the Tana obligate the owner to pay laborers to harvest the crops immediately, to avoid the mixture from becoming Asur?
(b) What is the alternative interpretation of 'ad Sh'lish'?
(c) What if he cannot find workers even at that price to do the work immediately?
(a) At which point does the Mishnah consider the stolen vineyard the property of the thief?
(b) What are the ramifications of this ruling?
(a) What does the Mishnah require the owner to do if a storm-wind blows the branches of his vines on to his vegetables?
(b) What if he is prevented from doing so through an Oneis?
(c) And what will be the Din if it his crops or vegetables that have been blown so that they are now leaning underneath his vines?
(d) Why is it not Mekadesh should he fail to do so?
(a) Freshly planted produce is subject to Kidush (should it increase by one two-hundredth) from the moment it takes root ('mi'she'Tashrish'). When is it subject to Kidush according to the text in the Mishnah 'mi'she'Tashlish'?
(b) At which stage does the Mishnah declare grapes subject to Kidush?
(c) What are the ramifications of ...
1. ... this latter ruling?
2. ... the former ruling?
(a) The source of these rulings is the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Pen Tikdash ha'Melei'ah" (regarding produce) "u'Tevu'as ha'Karem" (regarding grapes). What do we learn in this regard, from ...
1. ... "Pen Tikdash ha'Melei'ah ha'Zera Asher Tizra"?
2. ... "u'Tevu'as ha'Karem"?
(b) What ruling does the Tana now issue with regard to crops that have dried up and grapes that are fully ripe?
(c) Why is that?
(a) The Tana now discusses crops or vegetables growing in a pot that one places in a vineyard or within four Amos of Avodas ha'Kerem. According to the Tana Kama, on what condition are they Mekadesh, and on what condition are they not Mekadesh?
(b) What must be the minimum size hole for the pot to be considered holed?
(c) What does R. Shimon say?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) On what condition will crops or vegetables that are a third grown (or that have taken root [Tos. YomTov]) become forbidden if one carries them through a vineyard whose grapes are 'ke'Pul ha'Lavan'?
(b) Then why do the grapes not become Asur as well?
Hadran Alach 'ha'Mavrich es ha'Gefen'
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