POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
Prepared by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
YOMA 88 (10 Elul) - The concluding Daf of Yoma has been dedicated in honor of the Yahrzeit of Yisrael (son of Chazkel and Miryam) Rosenbaum, who passed away on 14 Elul, by his son and daughter and families, and also in memory of Sheina Basha (daughter of Yakov and Dora) Zuckerman, who passed away on 10 Elul, by her children and sons-in-law.
1) TEVILAH ON YOM KIPUR (and Rav's position in the Machlokes)
(a) (Tana Kama): All Chayvei Tevilah should immerse on Yom
Kipur, in order to be able to recite Tefilah (Tevilas
(b) Similarly, a Nidah and a Yoledes immerse on Yom Kipur
(c) A Ba'al Keri who became Tamei after Minchah, may not
immerse because, according to the Tana Kama, one recites
Ne'ilah after nightfall, in which case, someone who
becomes Tamei after Minchah, may immerse later, and not
on Yom Kipur (and then recites Ne'ilah, exempting himself
from Ma'ariv, like Rav).
(d) (R. Yosi): One may even immerse after Minchah, in order
to recite Ne'ilah since, in his opinion, the time for
Ne'ilah is before night (not like Rav).
(e) Question: But in a second Beraisa, the Rabanan and R.
Yosi seem to have switched positions!?
(f) Answer: The second Beraisa (wherein R. Yosi forbids a
Ba'al Keri to immerse after Minchah) speaks when the
Tamei man has already recited Ne'ilah.
(g) Question: If he has already recited Ne'ilah, then why do
the Rabanan permit his Tevilah?
(h) Answer: They hold that it is always a Mitzvah to immerse
as soon as it falls due (and for a Ba'al Keri it falls
due by day).
(i) Question: Are we to then infer that R. Yosi does not
hold of such a Mitzvah!?
1. The Beraisa discusses the case of a person with the
Name of Hash-m written on his skin.
(j) Answer: The first R. Yosi is R. Yosi b'R. Yehudah and the
second one is the more commonly known R. Yosi b.
2. R. Yosi permits his immersion (even without a
bull-rush tied around it) - because of 'Tevilah
(k) This is supported by the Beraisa in which R. Yosi b'R.
Yehudah expressly is lenient regarding Tevilah bi'Zeman.
2) ONE WHO SEES KERI ON YOM KIPUR
(a) The Tana of a Beraisa permits someone who sees Keri on
Yom Kipur to immerse immediately (without washing off the
dirt), adding that he will wash it at night.
On to Sukah
(b) Question: Of what value is washing at night, after
(c) Answer: We amend this to teach that everyone should bathe
on Erev Yom Kipur, to remove any potential Chatzitzah, in
case he sees Keri on Yom Kipur and needs to immerse.
(d) It was taught before R. Nachman that seeing Keri on Yom
Kipur is a sign that all his sins are forgiven.
(e) Question: But a Beraisa teaches that his Aveiros are
Sedurin (apparently meaning lined up for judgement)!?
(f) Answer: Sedurin means arranged for forgiveness.
(g) (Tana of Bei R. Yishmael): He should worry the entire
year (lest his Inuy is being thrown back at him).
(h) If he lives out the year, however, he is assured of going
to Olam ha'Ba (his great merit is protecting him).
(i) (R. Nachman b. Yitzhok): This is evident from the fact
that in spite of that, when everybody else was 'hungry',
he was forced to be 'satisfied', he thus survived the
year without affliction, which could only be said of a
(j) (R. Dimi): One who sees Keri on Yom Kipur will live long
and have many children and grandchildren.
Index to Outlines for Maseches Yoma