POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
Prepared by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
***11th CYCLE DEDICATIONS***|
YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.
1) AGADA: GAVRIEL
(a) The Mal'ach Gavriel reported to Daniel "va'Ani Basi
2) RECHITZAH AS AN INUY (cont'd)
(b) As derived from the Pesukim in Yechezkel, Gavriel had
been expelled from among the Mal'achim for improperly
carrying out his agency.
1. He should have either not executed the decree
against K'lal Yisrael (anticipating a reprieve); or,
(c) During the 21 days of his absence, the Mal'ach Dubiel,
Sar of the Persians, took his place.
2. He should have carried it out exactly, and not
cooled the flames somewhat by having the K'ruv
deliver the coals instead of taking them directly.
3. Although by doing so, Gavriel saved the remnant of
Klal Yisrael, he was punished with 60 lashes of fire
(d) When Dubiel tried to exact a terrible price from his new
status, that of taxing even the Talmidei Chachamim,
Gavriel called out from Achorei ha'Pargod that they do
not deserve this, given that all of their scholars
combined do not equal Daniel.
(e) This defense of the people caused Gavriel to be invited
back, as above, "va'Ani Basi bi'Devarecha".
(f) When he returned, he succeeded in diminishing somewhat
the effect of the concessions made to Dubiel, but he was
not successful in blunting the effect of Yavan.
(a) Alternate explanation for how Rechitzah is considered an
Inuy derives from Shlomoh ha'Melech's dialogue with
3) NE'ILAS HA'SANDEL AS AN "INUY"
1. Evyasar was spared being killed right away for
having participated in the Inuy of David ha'Melech.
(b) Question: Perhaps "Ayef" refers to (the lack of) wearing
2. Included in that Inuy was "Ra'av" (lack of bread),
"Tzamei" (lack of water) and "Ayef" (lit. tiredness,
understood to refer to Rechitzah) thus labeling
Rechitzah as an Inuy.
(c) Answer: The Pasuk in Mishlei demonstrates that "Ayef"
relates to the lack of cool water (presumably for
(d) Question: Perhaps "Ayef" refers to their thirst (which
would fit with the Pasuk in Mishlei, as well)?
(e) Answer: The Pasuk reads "like water on a tired soul",
not '*in'* as would imply drinking.
(a) Question: Whence that Ne'ilas ha'Sandel is called an
4) TASHMISH HAMITAH AS AN "INUY"
(b) Answer: From the fact that David ha'Melech, when running
from Avshalom (in the state referred to before as Inuy)
was "Yachef" (presumably, without shoes).
(c) Question: Perhaps "Yachef" means without a horse, in the
manner of a king?
(d) Answer: The word "Yachef" is found, in Yeshayah, to mean
unshod, thus informing its meaning by David ha'Melech.
(e) Question: Perhaps Yeshayah went with tattered shoes, and
that is still called "Yachef" (just as "Arom" there
surely does not mean fully unclothed, but with tattered
(f) Answer: The Pasuk in Yirmiyah identifies "Yachef" with
the exiles, who would truly be going barefoot.
(a) Question: Whence that Tashmish ha'Mitah is called an
(b) Answer: Lavan identified withholding Tashmish as an Inuy.
5) RECHITZAH OF PART OF THE BODY
1. "Im Te'aneh" refers to withholding Tashmish.
(c) Question: We find (in the incident of Dinah) that
Tashmish itself is called Inuy, thus casting doubt on its
absence as being called Inuy!?
2. "ve'Im Tikach" refers to taking other wives.
3. Question: Perhaps both expressions refer to taking
other wives (if you will oppress my daughters by
taking other wives).
4. Answer: This translation is not plausible since
Lavan said "ve'Im" and not "*Im"*.
5. Question: Perhaps it refers to two types of Tzaros,
Bilhah and Zilpah, as well as other potential wives
(which is contextually logical in the Pasuk)?
6. Answer: He would not have put the less painful
matter (taking other unknown wives) first and the
more painful matter (taking Bilhah and Zilpah)
(d) Answer: The Inuy there was withholding further Tashmish
from Dinah, consistent with the definition of Inuy.
(a) The Beraisa teaches that partial Rechitzah is forbidden
on Yom Kipur; however, if one is soiled, he may wash
6) THE RIVER LEADING OUT OF THE KODESH HAKODOSHIM
(b) Similarly, while Sichah on even a part of the body is
forbidden, one who is ill anoints normally.
(c) A woman is permitted to wash one hand (from the Ru'ach
Ra'ah upon awaking which would transfer onto bread) in
order to give bread to a child.
(d) Shamai ha'Zaken was concerned about using one hand (on
account of the Shivsa), and they permitted him to feed
the child after washing both hands.
(e) One who is going to greet his father or Rebbi, or another
person greater than he, may enter water until his neck,
(f) Question: What of the Rebbi on route to his Talmid?
(g) Answer: R. Yitzhok b. Chanah reported that Zeiri went to
1. R. Ashi reported that it was R. Chiya b. Ashi who
went to Zeiri his Rebbi.
(h) Rava permitted people to cross through water to protect
(i) (Abaye): A Beraisa supports this ruling, as reported.
(j) R. Yosef permitted people to cross to attend a Shiur, but
not to return to their homes.
(k) (Abaye): If you will rule this way, you will cause them
not to come next year to the Shiur.
1. An alternate reading has R. Yosef permitting both
their coming and their return.
(l) R. Yehudah, R. Shmuel b. R. Yehudah were standing on one
side of the river, and Rami b. Papa was on the other.
2. Abaye then asked why their return is permitted.
3. R. Yosef explained that the permission is so they
should not be prevented from coming in the future.
1. Rami b. Papa called out to ask if he was permitted
to cross in order to ask them about a matter of
2. R. Yehudah responded that Rav and Shmuel permitted
one to cross, but being careful not to raise one's
3. An alternate reading has R. Shmuel b. R. Yehudah
reporting the same response directly from a Beraisa.
(a) Question (R. Yosef): Is it ever permitted to enter deep
waters and expose oneself to danger?!
1. The Mal'ach showed Yechezkel the river which will
lead out of Yerushalayim.
(b) Answer: That river is different because of the strong
current, thus above waist deep will be dangerous, as
opposed to the still river we are speaking of.
2. It will be shallow for the first 1000 Amos, and will
get deeper after each 1000 Amos.
3. We see there that it is permitted to enter shallow
water only up to one's waist!?
(c) Question: Will one be able to swim across that river?
(d) Answer: The continuation of the Pasuk indicates that it
will be too strong for that, as well.
(e) Question: Might one be able to cross in a small boat?
(f) Answer: The Pasuk indicates that this, too, will not be
(g) Question: Might onbe be able to cross with a large
(h) Answer: The river in Yechezkel's prophecy will be too
powerful even for that.
(i) The Targum confirms the impossibility of crossing this
(j) Even the Mal'ach ha'Maves will not be able to cross, as
indicated by the word "mi'Shut".
Index to Outlines for Maseches Yoma