POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
Prepared by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
***11th CYCLE DEDICATIONS***|
YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.
1) AGADIC INTERPRETATIONS (cont'd)
(a) "ve'Ata Nafsheinu Yeveishah..." - They were concerned
that they would die from the food which they did not
excrete. (R. Yishmael's teaching is deleted here by the
2) THE FIVE INUYIM
(b) "Lechem Abirim Achal Ish... " - This is Yehoshua for whom
Manna fell (Yehoshua is called 'Ish' and is equated with
all of Klal Yisrael).
1. Question: Perhaps "Ish" refers to Moshe, about whom
it says "ve'ha'Ish"?
(c) Question (students of R. Shimon b. Yochai): Why didn't
the Manna fall once for the whole year?
2. Answer: It is more reasonable to connect to "Ish".
(d) Answer: Mashal to a King (Hash-m)... who established a
daily dependant relationship with his son (the large
families of Klal Yisrael).
(e) Alternate Answers: So that it would be warm and fresh or,
to lighten their load.
(f) R. Elazar ha'Moda'i stated (before the Chachamim) that
the Manna was 60 Amos high.
1. The Chachamim were not, at first, pleased, until R.
Elazar justified his innovation based on the
(g) (Isi b. Yehudah): The Manna rose until all the Kingdoms
of East and West could see it (as implied by the Pasuk in
2. He made the calculation based on the four times 15
Amos of water which came down during the Mabul
(Midas Pur'aniyos from two Arubos), and inferred
the Midah Tovah of the Manna as greater than that
disaster (eight Arubos- two Dalsos each with four
(h) (Abaye): "Kosi Revayah... " The size of the future cup of
(i) Question (on R. Elazar ha'Moda'i): But the measure came
by the flood in 40 days (960 hours), and here we are
speaking of that which fell in one hour!?
(j) Further Question: The flood covered the entire world, and
here it all fell on the Machaneh Yisrael!?
(k) Answer: R. Elazar ha'Moda'i was speaking of the Pesichah
(initial opening) of the Arubos.
(a) Question: How are these Inuyim alluded to in the Torah?
(b) Answer: The five references to Inuy in the Pesukim, as
(c) Question: But there are six Inuyim!?
(d) Answer: Eating and drinking are counted as one.
(e) Question: How do we know this?]
(f) Answer: Resh Lakish derives this from the fact that the
Torah uses the word "ve'Achalta" when one of the items
referred to is wine.
(g) Question: Perhaps the wine was part of a food dish?
1. Answer: Rather, the source is "ve'Nasata ha'Kesef...
ba'Yayin u'va'Sheichar... ve'Achalta" (beverage
spoken of as Achilah).
2. Question: Perhaps, this, too refers to Anigron?
3. Answer: The Pasuk refers to an intoxicating beverage
(not a food ingredient, thus that drinking is part
4. Question: But we find illustrations of intoxicating
foods (Deveilah Ka'ilis)!?
(h) Answer: Rather, we learn from Nazir who is forbidden to
drink wine (Sheichar), so, too, here, by Ma'aser Sheini
we are speaking of wine, not an ingredient.
3) LEARNING RECHITZAH FROM SICHAH
1. Question: But "Tirosh" is grapes, not wine as we
find that one who makes a Neder to abstain from
Tirosh is forbidden to eat sweet fruits, but is
permitted to drink wine!?
2. We suggest three Pesukim indicating that "Tirosh"
is, indeed, wine, two of which are rejected.
3. Answer: Rather, "Tirosh" is wine, and the reason for
the permission regarding Nedarim is because people
do not generally refer to wine as 'Tirosh' and we
thus interpret the words of his Neder to refer to
i. Question: Why is wine called by two names,
"Yayin" and "Tirosh"?
ii. Answer: 'Yayin' brings Yelalah; 'Tirosh' brings
poverty (Rash) to its adherents.
iii. Question (R. Kehana): How may we resolve the
K'siv ("Tirash") with the K'ri ("Tirosh")?
iv. Answer: One who is Zocheh (drinks in proper
measure) becomes a Rosh; one who is not becomes
a pauper (Rashi).
v. Question (Rava): How may we resolve the K'siv
("Yishmach") with the K'ri ("Yismach")?
vi. Answer: If drunk in proper measure is gladdens
("Yismach"); if not, it destroys ("Yishmach").
vii. As Rava stated 'Wine and fragrance (in their
proper measure) contributed to my wisdom'
(a) Question: How do we know that washing and anointing are
(b) Answer: From the mourning of Daniel, "Lechem Chamudos Lo
Achalti... ve'Shoch Lo Sachti".
1. Question: What is the "Lechem Chamudos" from which
(c) Question: But the Tana in Shabbos learns oil from water
(that Sichah is like drinking) not water from oil!?
2. Answer: Bread made from clean flour.
3. Question: How do we know that "Soch Lo Sachti" means
4. Answer: From Gavriel's assurance to Daniel
5. Question: That covers Sichah, but what of Rechitzah?
6. Answer: The Pasuk in Tehilim equates water on the
skin to anointing with oil.
7. Question: Maybe the anointing in the Pasuk is like
8. Answer: The Pasuk implies that the water came into
his system similarly to oil.
1. The Mishnah there asks how we know that Sichah is
forbidden like drinking on Yom Kipur.
(d) Answer: Rather, Rechitzah is implicit in the words
"ve'Soch Lo Sachti" in Daniel.
2. In response, the Tana quotes the very same Pasuk in
Tehilim, "va'Tavo ka'Mayim... ".
Index to Outlines for Maseches Yoma