POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
Prepared by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
1) ROLLING THE SEFER TORAH
(a) Question: Why did the Kohen Gadol need to announce that
there is more, i.e. that what he was about to read by
heart is contained in the Sefer Torah?
2) THE EIGHT BERACHOS
(b) Answer: To avoid impugning the Sefer (leaving the
impression that the Sefer was missing the Parshah).
(c) Question: Why did he read it by heart, rather than roll
(d) Answer: To avoid burdening the Tzibur with the delay.
(e) Question: Then they should bring another Sefer!?
(f) Answer: We are afraid people will think the first Sefer
(g) Alternate Answer: To avoid an unnecessary B'rachah (which
would be needed over a new Sefer).
(h) Question: But we see that we regularly bring out multiple
Sefarim without concern for impugning the first!?
(i) Answer: That is when a different person reads from each
one, not when he reads from one and then switches to the
(a) The B'rachah Al ha'Torah is as we say at public readings
of the Torah ('Asher Nasan Lanu Toras Emes... ').
3) THE REST OF THE TEFILAH
(b) Al ha'Avodah, Hoda'ah, Mechilas Avon are as we have them
in our Nusach ha'Tefilah.
(c) Mikdash, Kohanim, and Yisrael are the subject of separate
(a) The Nusach includes Rinah, Techinah and Bakashah,
concluding with 'Shomea Tefilah'.
4) ATTENDING EITHER THE READING OR THE BURNING
(b) Subsequent to the Tefilah of the Kohen Gadol, each person
who had previously brought a Sefer Torah to the Azarah
read from it to display its beauty.
(a) Question: It is obvious that he can only attend one!?
5) MISHNAH: THE OTHER KORBANOS
(b) Answer: We might have thought that the principle of 'Ein
Ma'avirin Al ha'Mitzvos' would prevent even a bystander
from moving from one to the other.
1. Question: What Mitzvah are we speaking of?
2. Answer: Of honoring Hash-m be'Rov Am.
(a) If the Kohen Gadol read from the Torah in the Bigdei
6) THE PAR (OLAH)
1. He did Kidush Yadayim ve'Raglayim and undressed.
(b) (If he read in private garments, he would have done
Kidush before removing the Bigdei Lavan, prior to Keri'as
2. He immersed, emerged, dried off and was brought, and
donned, Bigdei Zahav, and did Kidush thereafter.
(c) (R. Eliezer): He went out and offered his Ayil, and the
people's Ayil before the seven Kevasim of Musaf.
(d) (R. Akiva): The seven Kevasim for Musaf were offered
together with the morning Tamid, and the Par (Olah), and
the Sa'ir (done outside) were offered together with the
(e) He did Kidush, undressed, immersed, donned Bigdei Lavan
and did Kidush.
(f) He went into the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim to remove the Kaf and
(g) He went through the procedure again to change to Bigdei
Zahav and offered the afternoon Ketores, and to arrange
(h) He did Kidush, removed the Bigdei Zahav, put on his own
clothes and was escorted to his home where he hosted a
Seudah, having emerged peacefully from the Avodah.
(a) Question: The Par (Olah) in R. Akiva's teaching is to be
read as attached to the first clause (and is brought with
the morning Tamid) or to the second clause (and is
associated with the afternoon Tamid).
(b) Additional Question: When was the Par (Olah) done
according to R. Eliezer?
(c) Additional Question: When were the Eimurei Chatas
(d) Answer (Rava): You will find one order listed according
to R. Eliezer (in a Beraisa from Bei Shmuel) and one
according to R. Akiva (in the Tosefta).
1. The Tana d'bei Shmuel teaches that, according to R.
Eliezer, the Eimurei Chatas were right after the
Ailim, and the Par le'Olah, seven Kavasim and Sa'ir
were all associated with the afternoon Tamid.
2. The Tosefta teaches that, according to R. Akiva, the
Par le'Olah is connected to the seven Kevasim, and
with the morning Tamid (as a rule derived from
i. Next is the Avodas ha'Yom (Hagralah, Chata'os
Penimiyos) then (after the Par and Sa'ir
within) bring the outer Sa'ir.
7) OTHER OPINIONS IN THE TOSEFTA
(e) Question: What is the rationale of R. Eliezer (for
associating the Musafim with the afternoon Tamid, unlike
the other Regalim when the Musafim are associated with
the morning Tamid)?
ii. In spite of its being part of the Musaf, the
outer Sa'ir is associated with the morning
iii. This is drawn from the Pasuk "u'Se'ir Izim
Echad Chatas - Mil'vad Chatas ha'Kipurim".
iv. Next are the Ailim, then the Eimurei Chatas and
then the afternoon Tamid.
(f) Answer: First do the Avodos listed in 'Vayikra' (Par and
Sa'ir Penimi'im), and then the Avodos listed in
(g) Question: What is the rationale of R. Akiva?
(h) Answer: As taught, "Mil'vad Olas ha'Boker... " implying
that the Musafim come together with the morning Tamid (as
well by Yom Kipur).
(i) Question: What will R. Eliezer do with "Mil'vad Chatas
ha'Kipurim" (which R. Akiva used to put the outer Sa'ir
before the Ailim)?
(j) Answer: To teach that they both (Sa'ir ha'Penimi and
Chitzon) atone for the same things.
(a) (R. Yehudah, citing R. Akiva): One of the seven Kevasim
is brought with the morning Tamid, and the other six with
the afternoon Tamid.
8) THE AYIL OF THE TZIBUR
(b) (R. Elazar b. R. Shimon citing R. Akiva): Six with
Shachar, one with Bein ha'Arbayim.
1. Question: What is the rationale of these two
renditions of R. Akiva (splitting up the Kevasim)?
(c) Question: What, then, is the basis of their dispute?
2. Answer: It is a resolution of two, seemingly
(d) Answer: R. Yehudah holds to do the minimum Kevasim before
the Avodas ha'Yom in order not to tire out the Kohen
(e) R. Elazar holds to do as many as possible lest he neglect
to do them later, and the Kohan Gadol is Zariz and not
likely to get weak.
(a) Both R. Eliezer and R. Akiva agree that only one Ayil is
brought for the Tzibur, like the opinion of Rebbi.
(b) Rebbi had taught that the Ayil mentioned in Acharei Mos
is the same one mentioned in Pinchas.
(c) R. Elazar b. R. Shimon holds that there are two.
(d) Question: What is the rationale of Rebbi?
(e) Answer: The extra word "Echad".
(f) Question: How will R. Elazar b. R. Shimon learn "Echad"?
(g) Answer: "Echad" means the finest (Meyuchad) of his flock.
(h) Question: How will Rebbi learn the requirement of
(i) Answer: From "Mivchar Nedarecha (Nidreichem)".
(j) Question: How will R. Elazar b. R. Shimon relate to these
two references to Meyuchad?
(k) Answer: One is for Korbanos Chovah and one for Nedavos
(and each reference is needed- Rashi).
Index to Outlines for Maseches Yoma