POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
Prepared by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
YOMA 55 (7 Av) - Dedicated in memory of Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens, New York, by his wife and daughters on his ninth Yahrzeit. G-d-fearing and knowledgeable, Simcha was well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah. He will long be remembered.
(a) Question: What is Matzlif?
2) HAZA'OS LEMATAH BY SA'IR
(b) Answer: R. Yehudah demonstrated the motion of giving
(c) The Haza'os (even the upper one) were not on the
Kapores (only the position of his hand differentiated
between the upper and lower Haza'os).
(d) Question: How do we know that the Haza'ah was not on the
(e) Answer: From the extra "Lifnei" which modifies the "Al".
(f) Question: Perhaps we should learn the reverse, where the
"Al" modifies the "Lifnei" (and thus have the Haza'ah
on the Kapores)?
(g) Answer: Such a reversal would occupy the le'Ma'alah by
Par and leave le'Matah by Sa'ir unused.
(a) Question: How Many Haza'os le'Matah are there by Sa'ir?
3) HAZA'OS LEMA'ALAH BY PAR
(b) Answer: By inference (using Damim) from Par le'Matah we
know it is seven.
(c) Question: Perhaps we should derive Sa'ir le'Matah from
(d) Answer: It is more logical to compare Matah to Matah.
(e) Question: To the contrary, it is more logical to derive
Sa'ir from Sa'ir!?
(f) Answer: From "Ka'asher Asah" we learn to compare Sa'ir to
(a) Question: How Many Haza'os le'Ma'alah by Par?
4) THE COUNTING
(b) Answer: "Damim" links Par to Sa'ir.
(c) Question: Perhaps derive Par le'Ma'alah from le'Matah?
(d) Answer: Ma'alah to Ma'alah is more logical.
(e) Question: To the contrary...
(f) Answer: "Ka'asher Asah".
(a) There is a difference in the Beraisa between the counting
as described by R. Meir (one and the number below) versus
R. Yehudah (the number below and one).
5) THE GOLD SHELF IN THE HEICHAL
(b) The difference is based on each one's local counting
(c) Question: But why, according to all, must we count one
the one le'Ma'alah together with each one le'Matah?
(d) Answer: Either to prevent counting errors (R. Elazar, and
the requirement is de'Rabanan) or (according to R.
Yochanan) it is d'Oreisa based on "Yazeh".
1. Question: When will their answers differ?
2. Answer: In a case where he did not count the
le'Ma'alah but he also did not err.
(a) We learn from R. Yehudah that there was only one Shofar
for Kinei Nedavah, and none for Kinei Chovah, to prevent
(b) R. Yosi asserts that our concern involves mixing Chovos
(c) Question (Abaye): Make two Shofros and mark them!?
(d) Answer: R. Yehudah must not rely on Kesivah.
(e) The same rationale as above will apply to making only one
shelf in the Heichal.
(f) Question: But the Mishnah teaches that even according to
R. Yehudah there were multiple Shofaros (and there he
must rely on Kesivah)!?
(g) Answer: The concern of mixing (and why there is no Shofar
for Chovah) is (not like R. Yosi said but rather) for a
Chatas whose owner may have died.
(h) Question: But the Mishnah teaches that we do not consider
such a possibility of death.
(i) Answer: It is actually a Gezeirah lest we find out that
an owner had died, and we will not know which coins are
(j) Question: Then take four Zuz and cast them away!?
(k) Answer: R. Yehudah does not rely on B'reira to permit the
Index to Outlines for Maseches Yoma