POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
Prepared by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
YOMA 51 - Dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas Reb Aharon Dovid ben Elimelech Shmuel Kornfeld (Muncasz/Israel/New York), who passed away on 3 Av 5761, by his daughter, Shifra, and family. May his love for Torah and for Eretz Yisrael be preserved in all of his descendants.
1) R. SHEISHES RENDERS ZEVACH AS EILO SHEL AHARON
(a) Question: R. Sheishes could have rendered Zevach as the
Korban Pesach, since it fits the criteria as well as does
Eilo Shel Aharon?
2) PESACH AND CHAGIGAH
(b) Answer: He holds, like R. Yehudah, that one may not
slaughter a Korban Pesach for one person alone.
(c) Question: Pesach Sheini fits the criteria!?
(d) Answer: Not so, since Pesach Sheini is not Docheh
(a) Question: Why is Pesach grouped among the Korbanos Yachid
(on 50a) while Chagigah is grouped among the Korbanos
Tzibur (ibid) since the Tzibur gathers for both?
(b) Answer: The Tzibur is not gathered for Pesach Sheini.
(c) Question: Would Pesach Sheini otherwise fit the grouping
such that it is Docheh Tum'ah and Shabbos?!
(d) Answer: Indeed, this Tana holds that Pesach Sheini is
Docheh Tum'ah, as the cited opinion of R. Yehudah
(e) Question: What is the rationale for the Tana Kama (that
Pesach Sheini is not Docheh Tum'ah?
(f) Answer: It is logical that since he is only bringing the
Pesach Sheini on account of his earlier Tum'ah that it
is not Docheh Tum'ah.
(g) Question: How will R. Yehudah respond?
(h) Answer: The Pasuk, "ke'Chol Chukas ha'Pesach" allows it
to be brought be'*Tum'ah* (if it did not work out to
bring it be'Taharah, the Torah allows it to be brought
3) TO WHOM BELONGS THE PAR YOM HAKIPURIM?
(a) The words "Asher Lo" should clearly indicate that the
Korban is his own (the three-fold repetition of "Asher
Lo" indicates that he must bring it from his own funds
regardless of how is atoned by it).
4) MISHNAH: THE PAROCHES
(b) But following that reasoning how are the Kohanim atoned
without any ownership at all?
(c) Rather, the Torah allows the Kohanim access to Aharon's
Par, and, by extension, the Par Yom ha'Kipurim could
belong to all of them (be'Keviyusa, not only be'Kufia).
(a) The Kohen Gadol proceeded (from the 4th row in the
Azarah) through the Heichal and walked along the Amah
between the two curtains until he entered the Kodesh
5) THE PAROCHES (cont'd)
(b) (R. Yosi): There was only one curtain (based on the
singular language of the Pasuk).
(a) Question: What is the response of the Rabanan to R. Yosi?
6) WALKING TOWARDS THE KODSHEI HAKODOSHIM
(b) Answer: That Pasuk spoke of the Mishkan.
1. The second Beis ha'Mikdash needed two curtains owing
to the doubt regarding the exact demarcation between
the Heichal and the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim.
2. This area was once covered by the Amah Teraksin.
(a) The Beraisa teaches three opinions regarding the route of
the Kohen Gadol through the Heichal:
1. R. Yehudah- at the Southern side of the Heichal
between the Mizbe'ach and the Menorah.
(b) Question: Who is the Others?
2. R. Meir- at the Northern side between the Shulchan
and the Mizbe'ach.
3. Others- between the Shulchan and the Northern wall.
(c) Answer: R. Yosi (who holds that there is only one
Paroches) and he walked along the North to the entrance
(d) R. Yehudah holds that the entrance was in the South.
(e) R. Meir's position does not seem to accept the entrance
at the North or at the South.
(f) He holds like R. Yosi (one Paroches) but the Shulchanos
were arranged such that they blocked his access.
(g) Alternately, the Shulchanos were arranged East to West
(and he could have walked along the North wall, but he
holds like R. Meir that it is not Derech Eretz to walk
straight into the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim.
(h) Question: How will R. Yosi relate to this Derech Eretz?
(i) Answer: Yisrael is precious, not needing an agent (see
Rashi and Rach).
(j) Question: According to R. Yehudah, why did he not walk
along the Southern wall (behind the Menorah)?
(k) Answer: To avoid blackening his garments there.
Index to Outlines for Maseches Yoma