Mishnah 1
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1)

(a)How many Dayanim does the Mitzvah of Chalitzah require?

(b)Seeing as even Hedyotos are Kasher, why does the Mishnah refer to them as Dayanim?

(c)Why are two additional people required to participate?

(d)What is the difference between a 'Min'al' and a 'Sandal'?

(e)Why ...

1. ... should one therefore not use a Min'al Lechatchilah?

2. ... is this problem not applicable to a Sandal?

1)

(a)The Mitzvah of Chalitzah requires - three Dayanim.

(b)Despite the fact that even Hedyotos are Kasher (See Tos. Yom-Tov), the Mishnah refers to them as Dayanim - because they have to at least be able to read the relevant Pesukim like Dayanim.

(c)Two additional people are required to participate - in order to publicize the Chalitzah.

(d)A 'Min'al' - is made of soft leather (skin), a 'Sandal' - of hard leather.

(e)The reason that ...

1. ... one should therefore not use a Min'al Lechatchilah - is in case it is torn (in which case it will not protect the foot, and the shoe used for Chalitzah must protect the foot).

2. ... this problem is not applicable to a Sandal - because, precisely because it is hard, it is unlikely to tear.

2)

(a)What does the Tana say about using socks?

(b)Why is that?

(c)How do we learn this from the Gezeirah-Shavah "Na'alo" (by Chalitzah) from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "ve'An'alcha Tachash"?

(d)On what distinction does the Mishnah draw between a shoe that ...

1. ... has a heel and a shoe that doesn't?

2. ... is tied below the knee and a shoe that is tied above the knee?

2)

(a)The Tana declares socks - invalid ...

(b)... since they do not protect the foot.

(c)We learn this from the Gezeirah-Shavah "Na'alo" (by Chalitzah) from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "ve'An'alcha Tachash" - since the skin of a 'Tachash' is thick.

(d)The Mishnah also draws a distinction between a shoe that ...

1. ... has a heel - which is Kasher (See Tos. Yom-Tov), and a shoe that doesn't - which is Pasul.

2. ... is tied below the knee- which is Kasher (See Tos. Yom-Tov), and a shoe that is tied above the knee - which is Pasul.

Mishnah 2
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3)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about using a shoe ...

1. ... that does not belong to the Yavam?

2. ... that is made of wood?

(b)On what condition does the Mishnah validate the latter?

(c)And what does the Tana say about performing Chalitzah on a Yavam who is wearing ...

1. ... a left-foot Sandal on the right foot?

2. ... a shoe that is too large but that he is able to walk with?

3. ... one that is too small but that covers most of his foot?

3)

(a)The Mishnah permits Bedi'eved, a shoe ...

1. ... that does not belong to the Yavam (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

2. ... that is made of wood ...

(b)... on condition that it is overlaid with leather.

(c)The Tana permits performing Chalitzah on a Yavam who is wearing ...

1. ... a left-foot Sandal on the right foot - Bedi'eved, and the same applies to ...

2. ... a shoe that is too large but that he is able to walk with and to ...

3. ... one that is too small but that covers most of his foot.

4)

(a)According to the Tana Kama, Chalitzah that is performed at night-time is Kasher. What does Rebbi Eliezer say?

(b)What do Rebbi Eliezer and the Chachamim respectively, say about Chalitzah that is performed on the left foot?

(c)What is the Halachah regarding Chalitzah that is performed ...

1. ... at night?

2. ... on the left foot?

4)

(a)According to the Tana Kama, Chalitzah that is performed at night-time is Kasher. Rebbi Eliezer - declares it Pasul (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)Rebbi Eliezer and the Chachamim respectively switch their opinions with regard to Chalitzah that is performed on the left foot - The Chachamim declare it Pasul (See Tos. Yom-Tov), Rebbi Eliezer, Kasher.

(c)Chalitzah that is performed ...

1. ... at night - is Pasul (like Rebbi Eliezer [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).

2. ... on the left foot - is Pasul too (like the Chachamim).

Mishnah 3
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5)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about a Chalitzah where the Yevamah removes the Yavam's shoe and spits towards him, but fails to recite the relevant Pasuk ("Kachah Ye'asah la'Ish ... ")?

(b)From where do we know that removing the shoe is crucial to the Chalitzah?

(c)Then why does it not matter if the woman does not recite the Pasuk?

(d)Rebbi Eliezer learns from the same Pasuk that spitting, like removing the Yavam's shoe, is crucial. On what grounds does Rebbi Akiva disagree?

5)

(a)The Mishnah - declares valid a Chalitzah where the Yevamah removes the Yavam's shoe and spits towards him, but fails to recite the relevant Pasuk ("Kachah Ye'asah la'Ish ... ").

(b)We know that removing the shoe is crucial to the Chalitzah - from the word "Kachah" (in the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Kachah Ye'aseh la'Ish").

(c)Nevertheless, it does not matter if the woman does not recite the Pasuk - since we learn from "Kachah *Ye'aseh* la'Ish" that it is only an action that is crucial, but not reciting the Pasuk, which is not an action.

(d)Rebbi Eliezer learns from the same Pasuk that spitting, like removing the Yavam's shoe, is crucial. Rebbi Akiva disagrees - because the word "la'Ish" implies that it is only an action that is performed on the body of the Yavam that is crucial, to preclude spitting, which is not.

Mishnah 4
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6)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about a ...

1. ... Cheresh who does Chalitzah (where there are other brothers)?

2. ... a Chareshes who performs Chalitzah?

3. ... a Yevamah who performs Chalitzah with a Yavam who is a Katan?

(b)What are the implications of 'Chalitzah Pesulah'?

(c)Who is then the author of this Mishnah?

(d)What do the Chachamim say?

(e)Like whom is the Halachah?

6)

(a)The Mishnah rules that if ...

1. ... a Cheresh does Chalitzah (where there are other brothers [See Tos. Yom-Tov]), his Chalitzah is Pasul, as is that of ...

2. ... Chareshes who performs Chalitzah, and ...

3. ... a Yevamah who performs Chalitzah with a Yavam who is a Katan.

(b)'Chalitzah Pesulah' implies - that the Yevamah is subsequently forbidden to do Yibum ...

(c)... in which case, the author of this Mishnah is - Rebbi Meir.

(d)According to the Chachamim - the Chalitzah of a Katan is totally ineffective (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(e)The Halachah is - like the Chachamim.

7)

(a)What must the Yavam then do if he does not want to live with her (the Ketanah)?

(b)And what about the Yevamah performing Chalitzah with a Yavam Katan?

(c)And what must the Yevamah do if she was a Ketanah when she performed Chalitzah?

(d)What if she didn't?

7)

(a)If the Yavam does not want to live with her (the Ketanah) - then he must perform Yibum and subsequently give her a Get.

(b)If the Yevamah performs Chalitzah with a Yavam Katan too - the Chalitzah is Pasul.

(c)If the Yevamah was a Ketanah when she performed Chalitzah - she must perform it again when she grows up.

(d)If she didn't - her Chalitzah is Pasul (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 5
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8)

(a)What does the Tana Kama say about a Chalitzah that is performed in front of two witnesses or in front of three, one of whom is subsequently found to be either a relative of the Yavam or of the Yevamah, or if he is ineligible to testify?

(b)What do Rebbi Shimon and Rebbi Yochanan ha'Sandlar say?

8)

(a)The Tana Kama - declares Pasul a Chalitzah that is performed in front of two witnesses or in front of three witnesses, one of whom is subsequently found to be either a relative of the Yavam or of the Yevamah or if he is ineligible testify.

(b)Rebbi Shimon and Rebbi Yochanan ha'Sandlar - declare it Kasher.

9)

(a)What does the Tana relate regarding a Yavam and his Yevamah who were in prison, whose brother died?

(b)What did Rebbi Akiva (See Tos. Yom-Tov) rule there?

(c)What was his reason?

(d)Like whom is the Halachah?

9)

(a)The Tana relates a story of a Yavam and his Yevamah who were in prison, whose brother died - and who then performed Chalitzah among themselves.

(b)Rebbi Akiva (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - declared the Chalitzah valid (See Tiferes Yisrael) ...

(c)... because witnesses on the outside viewed the Chalitzah.

(d)The Halachah however is - like the Tana Kama (who ruled that it was Pasul.

Mishnah 6
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10)

(a)The Mishnah now describes the Chalitzah ceremony. Based on the Pasuk "Vekar'u lo Ziknei Iro Vedibru eilav", what good advice do the Dayanim give the Yavam when he appears in Beis-Din together with the Yevamah?

(b)It is the Yevamah who opens the proceedings. What is the first thing she declares?

(c)What does the Yavam respond?

(d)In what language do they make these declarations?

10)

(a)The Mishnah now describes the Chalitzah ceremony. Based on the Pasuk "Vekar'u lo Ziknei Iro Vedibru eilav", the good advice that the Dayanim give the Yavam when he appears in Beis-Din together with the Yevamah is - that if, age-wise, they are not compatible, then he is better off making Chalitzah (rather than Yibum [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).

(b)The Yevamah, who opens the proceedings declares - "My Yavam refuses to perform Yibum with me; he doesn't want to take me!", to which ...

(c)... the Yavam responds - 'I do not want to 'take' her.

(d)They must both speak in Lashon ha'Kodesh.

11)

(a)The Yevamah then approaches the Yavam before the eyes of the Dayanim and does two things. What does she do ...

1. ... first?

2. ... after that?

(b)What does the Mishnah say about the spit?

(c)What does she say next?

11)

(a)The Yevamah then approaches the Yavam before the eyes of the Dayanim and performs...

1. ... first Chalitzah (removing his shoe) ...

2. ... then Rekikah (spitting).

(b)The Mishnah rules that the spit - must be visible to the Dayanim.

(c)Next - she declares "So shall be done to the man who refuses to build his brother's 'house'!"

12)

(a)According to the Tana Kama that was all they said. Rebbi Hurk'nus disagrees. What was he doing underneath an oak-tree in K'far Eitam?

(b)According to him, Beis-Din add the remainder of the Parshah. What does the remainder of the Parshah constitute?

(c)Who has to say this and who does not?

12)

(a)According to the Tana Kama that was all they said. Rebbi Hurk'nus - who was actually performing a Chalitzah ceremony underneath an oak-tree in K'far Eitam, disagrees.

(b)According to him, Beis-Din add the remainder of the Parshah - which constitutes "And his name shall be proclaimed in Yisrael 'the house of the one whose shoe was removed (Beis Chalutz ha'Na'al)!" '.

(c)The Dayanim must say this, and not the Talmidim (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

13)

(a)What does Rebbi Yehudah say about all the bystanders?

(b)Like whom is the Halachah?

13)

(a)Rebbi Yehudah rules that all the bystanders - declare 'Chalutz ha'Na'al!' (three times [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).

(b)The Halachah is - like Rebbi Yehudah (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

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