POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
YEVAMOS 76 - dedicated l'Iluy Nishmos Reb Aharon Dovid ben Elimelech Shmuel Kornfeld (Muncasz/Israel/New York), who passed away on 3 Av 5761, and Mrs. Lily (Leah bas Pinchas) Kornfeld by their daughter, Shifra, and family.
1) WHICH PROBLEMS CAUSE STERILITY
(a) A case occurred, a man's conduit for seed was closed, and
it would come out through the place for urine. Rav Bivi
bar Abaye intended to rule that he is Kosher.\Chazon Ish
(b) Objection (Rav Papi): This cannot be! Seed is cooked only
in its proper conduit (so he cannot have children)!
(c) (Rav Yehudah citing Shmuel): If the Ever was punctured
and sealed, if the seal tears during an emission of
semen, he is (sterile and) forbidden. If not, he is
(d) (Rava): This cannot refer to a puncture below the crown.
There, even if cut, he is Kosher!
1. Rather, the puncture is in the crown itself.
(e) (Rav Mari bar Mar citing Shmuel): If the crown was
punctured and sealed, he is forbidden only if the seal
tears when he has an emission.
(f) Question (Rava brei d'Rabah): How do we cause him to have
an emission to check this?
(g) Answer #1 (Rav Yosef): We put warm barley bread by his
(h) Objection (Abaye): Is everyone like Yakov Avinu, who
called Reuven "My first strength" because he never had an
emission before that?!
(i) Answer #2 (Abaye): We pass colored women's clothing in
front of him, and this causes him to have an emission.
(j) Objection (Rava): Is everyone (steeped in lust) like
Barzilai ha'Gil'adi?! (This is not enough to cause an
emission!) Rather, we do like Rav Yosef said.
(k) (Beraisa): If it is punctured, he is forbidden, because
the seed drips out. If it is sealed, he is Kosher, since
he can have children. This is a disqualification that
can revert to Kashrus.
(l) Question: Which case does 'this' exclude?
(m) Answer: It excludes a scab that developed over a bruise.
This is not a proper sealing.
(n) Question (Rav Idi bar Avin): How do we seal a puncture?
(o) Answer (Abaye): We cut around the puncture with barley
and rub the area with oil. We bring a big ant, have it
bite the area, and cut off its head.
1. Only barley may be used. Iron would cause a bruise
(p) (Rabah bar Rav Huna): One who urinates through two
openings is forbidden.
2. This remedy helps only for a small puncture. If it
is big, the sealing will peel off.
(q) (Rava): The Halachah does not follow him, nor (the
following law of) his father.
1. (Rav Huna): Women who rub their genitals together
are disqualified from Kehunah.
2. (Rava): Even R. Elazar, who says that Bi'as Zenus
makes a woman a Zonah, says so only about Bi'ah with
a man. Two women together is mere lewdness.
2) THE "ISUR" OF A "PETZU'A" "DAKA
"(a) (Mishnah): A Petzu'a Daka or Krus Shofchah is permitted to a
convert or freed slave; he is only forbidden to Kehal
(Yisraelim) - "He will not enter Kehal Hash-m".
(b) (Gemara) Question: May a Petzu'a Daka Kohen marry a
convert or freed slave?
1. If he retains his Kedushah, he is forbidden. If he
lost his Kedushah, he is permitted.
(c) Answer (Rav Sheshes - Beraisa): A Petzu'a Daka Yisrael
may marry a Nesinah (a convert from the seven Kena'ani
1. If he retains his Kedushah, he would transgress "Do
not intermarry with them"!
(d) Objection (Rava): That Isur does not depend on Kedushah.
It is because their children might serve idolatry!
1. The Isur is only while they are Nochrim. After
conversion the Torah permits them, but Chachamim
decreed against them;
(e) Retraction (of objection (d) - Rava): "Do not intermarry
with them" applies only after conversion. Before this,
marriage does not take effect!
2. Chachamim forbade only people who can have children.
3. Objection: A Mamzer can have children. Why is he
i. (Mishnah): Mamzerim and Nesinim may intermarry.
4. Retraction (of statement 2): Rather, Chachamim
forbade only people of Kosher lineage.
(f) Question (Rav Yosef): "Shlomo married the daughter of
Paro, King of Mitzrayim".
(g) Answer #1: He converted her beforehand.
(h) Question: We did not accept converts in the days of David
(i) Answer: This is because we suspected that they convert
only for wealth. Paro's daughter was already wealthy!
(j) Question: If she converted, she was a Mitzris Rishonah,
and was forbidden! (The Torah forbids the first two
generations of Mitzri converts.)
1. Suggestion: Perhaps the Mitzriyim perished, and
other nations settled in Mitzrayim (and Paro's
daughter was from them).
(k) Answer #2 (to Question (f) - Rav Papa): Shlomo did not
marry Bas Paro - "The forbidden nations ... Shlomo clung
to love (not marriage)".
2. Rejection (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): Minyamin my
colleague was a Mitzri Rishon. He married a Mitzris
Rishonah, and planned to marry his son to a Mitzris
Sheniyah (second generation Mitzris), so his
grandchildren would be permitted.
(l) Question: It says "Va'Yischaten" (he married her)!
(m) Answer: Because he loved her excessively, the verse calls
(n) Question (Ravina - Mishnah): A Petzu'a Daka or Krus
Shofchah is permitted to a convert or freed slave.
1. Inference: He is forbidden to a Nesinah (this
contradicts the Beraisa (c))!
(o) Answer to both questions: The implications in the Mishnah
contradict each other, so we cannot infer the law of a
Nesinah. (Therefore, we can say that the Mishnah agrees
with the Beraisa.)
2. Counter-question (Rav Ashi - Seifa of Mishnah): He
is only forbidden to Kehal (Hash-m).
i. This implies that he may marry a Nesinah!
3) THE "ISUR" OF "AMONIM" AND "MO'AVIM"
(a) (Mishnah): (Male) Amonim and Mo'avim are forever
forbidden. Females are permitted immediately;
(b) Mitzriyim and Edomim are forbidden until three
generations, males and females;
(c) R. Shimon permits females immediately.
1. R. Shimon: A Kal va'Chomer permits them. When males
are forbidden forever (Amon and Mo'av), the females
are permitted immediately. When the males are
forbidden only for two generations, all the more so
females are permitted immediately!
(d) (Gemara) Question: What is the source that females of
Amon and Mo'av are permitted?
2. Chachamim: If you have a tradition for your law, we
accept it. If not, we can challenge your Kal
3. R. Shimon: I have a tradition.
(e) Answer (R. Yochanan): "Sha'ul asked 'Who is this youth
(David)?'... Avner said 'I do not know."
1. Objection: Sha'ul certainly knew who David was - "He
loved him greatly, he (David) carried his (Sha'ul's)
2. Answer: Sha'ul asked about David's father.
3. Objection: Sha'ul certainly knew who David's father
was - "The man was a famous sage ..."
i. (Rav): This is Yishai, who was appointed over
4. Answer: Rather, Sha'ul asked if David descends from
Peretz or from Zerach;
i. If he comes from Peretz he will be king, since
a king is Poretz (breaks fences) to make a path
5. Question: Why did Sha'ul inquire about David?
ii. If he comes from Zerach, he is merely
6. Answer: "Sha'ul clothed David in his (Sha'ul's)
garments, like his measure". (This suggested that
David would be king, for) Sha'ul was "From his
shoulder and above taller than the whole nation"!
7. Doeg ha'Edomi: Before asking if he is fit for
kingship, ask if he may marry into Yisrael!
8. Avner: Why shouldn't he be?
9. Do'eg: He descends from Rus the Mo'avis.
10. Avner: We learned that an Amoni and a Mo'avi are
forbidden, but an Amonis and a Mo'avis are not!
11. Question (Doeg): If so, you should say that a Mamzer
is forbidden, but not a Mamzeres!
12. Answer (Avner): "MaMZeR" alludes to MuM ZaR (a
foreign blemish), which applies equally to women.
13. Question (Doeg): If so, you should say a Mitzri is
forbidden, not a Mitzris!
14. Answer (Avner): The Isur of Mo'av is different,
since the Torah specified the reason - "Because they
did not go out to greet you with bread and water";
i. This reason does not apply to women, for it is
normal for men to go out to greet, but not for
15. Objection (Doeg): The men should have gone out to
greet the men, and the women to greet the women!
16. Avner was silent.
17. Question: "The king said 'ask whose son is this EleM
(youth)'". Before, he it called a "Na'ar"!
18. Answer: Sha'ul hinted to Avner 'this law NisALMah
(is hidden) from you. Go ask in the Beis Medrash.'
19. He asked. They said that Amoni is forbidden, but not
Amonis, and similarly Mo'avi but not Mo'avis.
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