POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
YEVAMOS 26 (12 Sivan) - Dedicated by Rabbi and Mrs. Mordecai Kornfeld in honor of the Bar Mitzvah of their son, Yisrael Kornfeld
1) TIMES WHEN WE ARE NOT CONCERNED FOR SUSPICION
(a) (Mishnah): In all these cases (when Reuven may not marry
Leah because he permitted her to marry), if he had a wife
and she died, he may then marry Leah;
(b) If Leah married someone else and was widowed or divorced,
Reuven may then marry her;
(c) In all cases, Leah is permitted to Reuven's children and
(d) (Gemara) Inference: This is only if Reuven's wife died,
but not if he divorced her.
(e) Contradiction (Rav Hillel - Beraisa): It is even if he
(f) Answer #1 (Rav Ashi): Reuven may marry Leah only if he
had previously quarreled with his wife.
(g) Answer #2: In both cases, there was no previous quarrel;
1. If Reuven (later) started the quarrel, he may not
marry Leah. If his wife started it, he may.
(h) (Mishnah): If they married...
(i) Assumption: This is even when a widowed woman remarried
and was widowed again, and a divorced woman was divorced
(j) Suggestion: Our Mishnah is unlike Rebbi, who says that a
Chazakah is established after two occurrences (so a woman
who was widowed twice may not remarry).
(k) Rejection: It can be like Rebbi. The Mishnah permits a
widowed woman that was later divorced, and a divorced
woman that was later widowed.
(l) (Mishnah): They are all permitted to his sons and
(m) Question (Mishnah): A man suspected of Bi'ah with Rachel
may not marry her mother, daughter or sister.
1. Why is our case different?
(n) Answer #1: Women frequently visit each other (if he
marries Rachel's relative, he may come to have Bi'ah with
Rachel, and this is Chayavei Kerisus)!
1. Men do not frequently visit each other.
(o) Answer #2: Women do not forbid each other (if Leah's
relative has Bi'ah with Leah's husband, this does not
forbid Leah to her husband, therefore a woman is not
concerned if her husband has Bi'ah with her relatives;
1. Men do forbid each other (if Levi's wife has Bi'ah
with his relative (or any other man), she becomes
forbidden to Levi), so a man distances his wife from
(p) Question: If so, the woman should be permitted even to
(q) Answer: She is! The Mishnah teaches a bigger Chidush:
1. If Reuven permitted a woman, not only his father may
marry her, in which case Reuven is ashamed to sin
with his father's wife;
2. Even Reuven's son may marry her. Even though a man
is not ashamed to be with his son's wife, we are not
2) SISTERS THAT FALL TOGETHER TO "YIBUM"
***PEREK ARBA'AH ACHIN***
(a) (Mishnah): If two of four brothers were married to
sisters, and these two died, the widows do Chalitzah, not
Yibum. If they did Yibum, they must be divorced;
(b) R. Eliezer says, Beis Shamai allow them to stay married.
Beis Hillel say that they must be divorced.
(c) If one of the sisters was an Ervah to (e.g.) Reuven, he
is forbidden to her and permitted to her sister. Shimon
(the other surviving brother) is forbidden to both;
(d) If a sister is forbidden to a brother due to an Isur
Mitzvah or Isur Kedushah, she does Chalitzah but not
(e) If one sister is Ervah to a different brother, each is
permitted to the brother to whom she is not Ervah;
1. This fulfills 'when her sister is her Yevamah, she
does Chalitzah or Yibum.'
(f) (Gemara): Our Mishnah shows that Yesh Zikah.
1. If not, since the sisters fall from different
brothers, each Yavam could do Yibum with one of
(g) Rejection: Perhaps Ein Zikah, but it is forbidden to
cause the Mitzvah of Yibum to be lost;
1. If we allowed Yibum, perhaps by the time Reuven does
Yibum Shimon will die, and the other Yevamah (who is
now Reuven's Achos Ishto) will be exempt from Yibum
(h) Question: If so, even when (at the beginning) there were
three brothers, the sisters should do Chalitzah and not
(i) Answer: True! The Tana taught even more.
1. If there were three brothers, if the surviving
brother does Yibum, the Mitzvah of Yibum is perforce
Batel regarding her sister.
2. When there are four brothers, one might have thought
that we are not concerned that one may die and the
Mitzvah will be lost. The Mishnah teaches that this
is not so.
(j) Question: If so, even when there were five brothers,
Yibum should not be allowed!
(k) Answer: We are not concerned lest two (of the three
surviving) brothers die.
3) "CHALITZAH" "PESULAH"
(a) (Rav): If three sisters fell to Yibum to two brothers,
one sister does Chalitzah with one brother, another does
Chalitzah with the other brother, and the third sister
needs Chalitzah from both of them.
(b) (Rabah): Since Rav requires a sister to do Chalitzah with
both brothers, he must hold that Yesh Zikah, so the third
sister's Chalitzah is Pesulah (Rebbi - since Yibum was
forbidden; Tosfos - since the Zikah is weakened), and one
who did Chalitzah Pesulah must do Chalitzah with all the
(c) Question: If so, also the first two sisters should need
Chalitzah from all the brothers!
(d) Answer: If they fell together (the second fell before the
first did Chalitzah), that would be true. The case is,
each fell after the previous one (did Chalitzah).
1. One sister fell, and Reuven did Chalitzah with her.
Another sister fell, and Shimon did Chalitzah with
her. When the third falls, each does Chalitzah to
remove his Zikah to her.
(e) Question: But Rav (17b) taught that Ein Zikah!
(f) Answer: Here he teaches according to the opinion that
Index to Outlines for Maseches Yevamos