POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
Prepared by Kollel Iyun Hadaf
1) THE NUMBER OF "MISHMAROS"
(a) The Mishnah said that the function of Ma'amados is that
the Torah tells everyone to bring Korbanos, but they
cannot be brought in the absence of their owners.
(b) The Nevi'im therefore decreed that there be twenty-four
Mishmaros of Kohanim, paralleled by twenty-four Ma'amados
of Kohanim, Levi'im and Yisraelim.
(c) (Beraisa): There were twenty-four Mishmaros in Eretz
Yisrael and twelve in Yericho.
1. Question: That totals thirty-six, twelve too many!?
(d) Each Mishmar, when its turn came, would split up; half
went to Yerushalayim, and half went to Yericho to arrange
food and water for them.
2. Answer: It means that twelve of the twenty-four were
(e) (R. Yehudah citing Shmuel): Kohanim, Levi'im and
Yisraelim must be present in Yerushalayim for the Korban
to be valid.
(f) (R Shimon b. Elazar): Kohanim, Levi'im and musical
instruments must be present.
1. The dispute revolves around whether it is voices or
instruments which are essential for song.
(g) (R. Chama bar Guria citing Rav): Moshe established eight
Mishmaros, four from Elazar and four from Isamar.
1. Shmuel expanded them to sixteen, and David expanded
them to twenty-four.
(h) (Beraisa): Moshe established sixteen Mishmaros, eight
from Elazar and eight from Isamar.
i. Question: A Beraisa states that David and
Shmuel jointly expanded them to twenty-four!?
ii. Answer: It means that from Shmuel's expansion
to sixteen, David enlarged it to twenty-four.
1. When Elazar's desendants became more numerous, he
divided them into twenty-four.
(i) Question: This Beraisa contradicts R. Chama bar Guria!?
2. The Pasuk states that he divided Elazar's
descendants into sixteen Mishmaros.
3. Another Pasuk states that Elazar doubled and Isamar
remained the same.
4. The second Pasuk is brought in case one thought that
Isamara had also doubled in size.
(j) Answer: It is a Machlokes Tana'im, and R. Chama bar Guria
holds like the Tana who says that Moshe made eight
(k) (Beraisa): Four Mishmaros returned from Bavel, and the
Nevi'im divided them into twenty-four.
(l) They then mixed lots for the twenty-four, and the four
drew six each.
(m) Even if Yehoyariv (the first of the Mishmaros) would have
arrived from Bavel after that, they would have had to
wait until after the entire group of Yedayah had served.
2) "KORBANOS "KEEP THE WORLD GOING
(a) Question: The Mishnah said that the Yisraelim would
gather and read from Ma'ase Bereishis - how do we know
(b) Answer: Were it not for the Ma'amados, the world could
1. Avraham asked Hash-m how he could be sure that his
descendants would inherit the land - perhaps they
would sin and be eradicated.
2. Hash-m told him to perform the Bris Bein ha'B'sarim
3. When Avraham asked what would be when there is no
Beis ha'Mikdash, Hash-m said that reciting the order
of Korbanos would be considered as bringing them and
would earn forgiveness.
3) THE PRAYERS OF THE "MA'AMAD"
(a) (Beraisa): The men of the Mishmar would pray that the
Korbanos should be accepted in good will.
(b) The men of the Ma'amad would go to Shul and fast four
1. On Monday, for those sailing in boats;
(c) Question: Why did not they fast on Sunday?
2. On Tuesday, for those travelling in the wilderness;
3. On Wednesday, that children should not contract
4. On Thursday, that pregnant women should not miscarry
and nursing mothers should be able to nurse.
5. On Friday, they would not fast, out of respect for
Shabbos; and all the more so on Shabbos itself.
(d) Answer #1 (R. Yochanan): Because it is a Christian
(e) Answer #2 ( R. Shmuel bar Nachmani): Because it is the
third day from man's creation (when he is weak).
(f) Answer #3 (Resh Lakish): Because the extra Neshamah which
was given to man on Evev Shabbos has been removed, and he
4) THE TORAH PORTIONS READ DURING THE "MA'AMAD"
(a) The Mishnah said that on Sunday they would read from
Bereishis and Yehi Rakiya.
(b) Bereishis would be read by two people, Yehi Rakiya by
(c) Question: Yehi Rakiya was read by one as it is only three
Pesukim; but how could Bereishis be read by two - it is
only five Pesukim, and each must read at least three?
(d) Answer #1 (Rav): The second person repeats the third
Pasuk of the first person.
(e) Answer #2 (Shmuel): The third Pasuk is split into two.
1. Question: Why did not Rav say like Shmuel?
(f) Question: We find in a Beraisa that neither Rav nor
Shmuel's suggestion is given:
2. Answer: He held that we cannot divide a Pasuk that
Moshe did not divide.
3. Question: How could Shmuel say that we split it up;
R. Chanina with great difficulty received permission
to do so only with schoolchildren?
4. Answer: Shmuel would hold that just as permission
was given in that case because there was no other
solution, here too there is no other solution and
permission would be given.
5. Question: Why doesn't Shmuel hold that the second
person repeats the third Pasuk of the first person?
6. Answer: It is forbidden, in order to prevent
problems of latecomers thinking that the first
person only read two Pesukim, or early leavers
thinking that the second person will only read two
1. (During a regular reading): a section of six Pesukim
is read by two people, a section of five by one.
(g) Answer: Other solutions were given in that case because
it was possible to read also from the following section.
2. If one person read three Pesukim of the five-Pasuk
section, the second reads the last two Pesukim plus
one Pasuk of the next section.
3. Some say they he should read three Pesukim of the
next section, as no less than three Pesukim should
be read from any section.
Index to Outlines for Maseches Ta'anis