prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
SUKAH 38 (18 Tishrei) - dedicated by Reb Tuvya Marcus and family (Baltimore/Yerushalayim) in honor of the Yahrzeit of his father, Binyomin Leib ben Aharon Marcus.
(a) Our Mishnah now discusses someone who arrives from a journey and has not yet 'shaken Lulav'. What must he do if he forgot to do so before ...
1. ... starting his meal?
2. ... Bein ha'Arbayim (the afternoon)?
(b) We have a problem with the Mishnah's first ruling however, from the Mishnah in Shabbos. What does the Tana there say about someone who began his meal before having Davened Minchah?
(c) Rav Safra establishes our Mishnah where there will be no time to take Lulav after the termination of the meal. What does Rava say? On what grounds does he dismiss the initial Kashya?
(d) How does Rava therefore re-phrase the Kashya in the form of a contradiction between the Reisha of our Mishnah and the Seifa (to which he gives the same answer as Rav Safra)?
(a) On what grounds does Rebbi Zeira reject Rava's version of the Kashya?
(b) Rebbi Zeira therefore reinstates the original version of the Kashya. How does he dispense with Rava's problem (differentiating between, Lulav d'Oraisa and Minchah d'Rabanan)?
(c) How does he prove this from the Mishnah itself?
(d) So how do we finally answer the original Kashya?
(a) How did the way they used to recite Hallel in the times of the Mishnah differ from the way we recite it nowadays?
(b) How would the community respond?
(c) What does our Mishnah say about someone who is hearing Hallel from a slave, a woman or a child?
(d) Why does he deserve to be cursed?
(a) Why does the Tana not curse someone who is hearing Hallel from a Gadol?
(b) And what does the Tana mean when he says that repeating Hallel is subject to Minhag? What does one repeat?
(c) What is the reason for this Minhag (prevalent today)?
(d) And what does the Tana ...
1. ... say about reciting a Berachah after Hallel?
2. ... intimate with regard to reciting a Berachah before Hallel?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about a small son reciting Birchas ha'Mazon for his father, a slave for his master, and a woman for her husband?
(b) Under which circumstances can a son Bentch on behalf of his father? How young can he be?
(c) What is the significance of the word 'b'Emes Amru' with which the Tana opens his statement?
(a) In Rava's time, everyone used to recite the whole Hallel together with the Chazan. However, to serve as a reminder of certain principles and Halachos, they introduced six irregularities when reciting it. What were they reminded of when the Chazan begins ...
1. ... 'Halelukah', and they repeated it after him?
2. ... 'Halelu Avdei Hashem', and they said 'Halelukah'?
3. ... 'Hodu la'Hashem Ki Tov ... ', and they repeated it after him?
(b) What did Rav Chanan bar Rava say about this?
(a) Of which Halachah on our Mishnah were they reminded when they repeated after the Chazan ...
1. ... 'Ana Hash-m Hoshi'ah Na'?
2. ... 'Ana Hash-m Hatzlichah Na'?
(b) And which principle lies inherent in the Takanah to 'continue 'be'Shem Hashem', after the Chazan has said 'Baruch ha'Ba'?
(c) Are all of these proofs absolute proofs?
(a) What did Rebbi Chiya bar Aba reply (citing the Chachamim, the Sofrim [children's Rebbes], the leaders of the people and Darshanim), when they asked him whether 'Shome'a k'Oneh is effective even if the listener does not respond?
(b) What is seemingly strange about the Pasuk in Melachim, which describes how King Yoshiyahu read from the Sefer Torah that Chilkiyah ha'Kohen found?
(c) What does Rebbi Shimon ben Pazi Amar ...Bar Kapara therefore learn from there?
(d) How do we know that Yoshiyahu did not repeat what Shafan the Sofer read?
(a) What instructions did Rava give about reading "Baruch ha'Ba b'Shem Hash-m ... "?
(b) Concerning which other phrase did he give similar instructions?
(c) On what grounds did Rav Safra overrule both sets of instructions?