prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) Our Mishnah exempts Sheluchei Mitzvah from the Mitzvah of Sukah. What for example, constitutes Sheluchei Mitzvah?
(b) What when they stop to rest at night? Why is that?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in va'Eschanan ...
1. ... "b'Shivtecha b'Veisecha"?
2. ... "u've'Lechtecha va'Derech"? Why do we need this second Derashah?
(a) We try to base the previous Derashah on the word "Derech", which, we think, implies that one is traveling on one's private business. On what grounds do we refute that proposal?
(b) So from whereabouts in the Pasuk do we learn that the Torah is referring to Reshus and not to Mitzvah?
(c) Why is someone who marries a widow not Patur from the Shema in the same way as someone who marries a virgin is?
(d) If it is the worry that exempts a person from reciting the Shema, then why is somebody whose ship is about to sink not Patur, too?
(a) On what grounds does Rebbi Aba bar Zavda Amar Rav ...
1. ... not exempt an Avel from reciting the Shema?
2. ... exempt him from Tefilin? For how long is he Patur?
(a) We query the earlier source for 'ha'Osek ba'Mitzvah, Patur min ha'Mitzvah, from the Beraisa which discusses the Teme'ei Mes who approached Moshe about bringing the Korban Pesach. According to Rebbi Yosi ha'Gelili, they were the people who carried the coffin of Yosef. In Rebbi Akiva's opinion, they were Mishael and Eltzafan. Who were Mishael and Eltzafan?
(b) Rebbi Yitzchak disagrees with both of opinions, due to what happened on the first and second of Nisan. What happened on the first and second of Nisan respectively?
(c) What is then his objection?
(a) Who then, were the men who approached Moshe, according to Rebbi Yitzchak?
(b) What does he extrapolate from the Pasuk in Beha'aloscha "v'Lo Yachlu La'asos ha'Pesach ba'Yom ha'Hu"?
(c) Why could these men not send their Korban Pesach through a Shali'ach, seeing as they would anyway be fit to eat the Pesach after nightfall?
(a) On what grounds did the men bury their dead relative (or relatives), seeing as they knew that Pesach (a Mitzvah which carries with it a Chiyuv Kares) was imminent, and that, once they were Tamei, they would not be permitted to bring it?
(b) What problem does this Beraisa now pose on the previous Beraisa?
(c) What do we answer? Why, now that we have ...
1. ... this latter Pasuk to teach us 'ha'Osek b'Mitzvah ... ', why do we need the Pasuk of "b'Shivtecha b'Veisecha"?
2. ... the Pasuk of "b'Shivtecha b'Veisecha", why do we need the Pasuk in Beha'aloscha?
(a) We cited earlier, Rebbi Aba bar Zavda Amar Rav who exempts an Avel from Tefilin but not from the Shema. What did Hash-m tell Yechezkel, from which we can infer that a regular Avel is Patur from Tefilin?
(b) Why did Hash-m then instruct Yechezkel to wear Tefilin?
(c) What is the source for Rav limiting the prohibition of an Avel to wear Tefilin to one day? What does the Pasuk in Amos say?
(a) Rav Aba bar Zavda Amar Rav also obligates an Avel to sit in a Sukah. Why might we have thought otherwise?
(b) Why is he not Patur because of his anguish? When is one Patur and when is one not?
(a) And he further exempts a Chasan and his retinue from sitting in the Sukah. Why is that?
(b) Why can they not ...
1. ... eat in the Sukah and rejoice in the Sukah?
2. ... eat in the Sukah and rejoice in the Chupah?
(c) According to Abaye, they cannot have the Chupah in the Sukah because it may lead to Yichud. What exactly does this mean?
(a) What reason does Rava give to explain why they cannot both eat and rejoice in the Sukah?
(b) What is the difference between the two explanations?
(a) When Rebbi Zeira got married, he did not conform with the previous Sugya at all. What did he do?
(b) Why did he do that?
(c) When did he get married, on Yom Tov or before Yom Tov?