[18a - 48 lines; 18b - 37 lines]
We recommend using the Girsa'os of the Vilna Gaon printed in the margins of the Vilna Shas, and the commentary "Tiklin Chadtin" upon which they are based. This section is devoted to any other important corrections that conform to the commentary of the Tiklin Chadtin which are not noted in the Hagahos ha'Gra, and Girsa corrections in the text of the Tiklin Chadtin itself.
 גמרא יח. [שורה 1]
תיבת והא ליתא בגירסת הגר"א (פי', שאינו שאלה אלא מימרא)
 גמרא יח. [שורה 18]
כילו זהבו של משה
צ"ל כילו זהבו של שלמה
(וכן הוא בדפוסים ישנים)
 גמרא יח. [שורה 23]
*מעשה במנורת זהב שעשה משה במדבר ...*
צ"ל מעשה במנורת מקדש שהיתה יתירה על מנורה שעשה משה במדבר דינר זהב
(תיקלין חדתין, קרבן העדה, ע"פ בבלי מנחות כט.)
 גמרא יח: [שורה 21]
כלום למדו לקומץ אלא (מלחם הפנים) ממנחת חוטא
(א) בראשונים ובדפו"י וכת"י, הגירסא "כלום למדו לקומץ אלא ממנחת חוטא"
(והיינו מנחת חוטא דויקרא ה:יב)
(ב) ובקה"ע גרס "כלום למדו לקומץ אלא מלחם הפנים" (והיא היא, שהרי קומץ דלחם הפנים ממנחת חוטא יליף לה בתורת כהנים אמור פרק י"ח)
(ג) וגי' הגר"א, "כלום למדו לקומץ מלחם הפנים, אלא ממנחה" (והכוונה למנחת נדבה דויקרא ו:ח, וכדאיתא במנחות קו: - וברבינו משולם ג"כ גרס ממנחה במקום ממנחת חוטא)
1)[line 1]מֵחצי הבית ולפנים- in the inner half of the Heichal [which stretched forty Amos from the doorway in its eastern wall until the Kodesh ha'Kodashim]
2)[line 2]מָשוּך מן הכותל- pulled away from the [southern] wall
3)[line 5]קִימְעָא- a little
4)[line 6]מִשְלִיש הבית ולפנים- in the inner third of the Beis ha'Mikdash
5)[line 13]מַבְעִיר- kindle
6)[line 16]"וְאֶת -הַמְּנרוֹת וְנֵרתֵיהֶם לְבַעֲרָם כַּמִּשְׁפָּט לִפְנֵי הַדְּבִיר זָהָב סָגוּר. וְהַפֶּרַח וְהַנֵּרוֹת וְהַמֶּלְקָחַיִם זָהָב הוּא מִכְלוֹת זָהָב"- "And the candelabras and their branches of extra-fine gold, to kindle them properly in front of the Kodesh ha'Kodashim. And the flower and the branches and the tweezers out of gold, out of purified gold" (Divrei ha'Yamim II 4:20).
7)[line 18]כִּילוּ- finished
8)[line 20]כִּכָּרֵי זהב- golden talents (each of which is equal to 1,500 Shekalim)
9)[line 20]כּוּר- smelting furnace
10)[line 25]וְיָאוּת- (a) and it (the following) is correct (MISHNAS ELIYAHU); (b) is this possible? (KORBAN HA'EDAH)
11a)[line 25]עד דלא יָקוּם על בְּרָרֵיה- as long as the gold has not been fully refined
b)[line 26]הוה חסר סַגִין- it loses much [mass] through the smelting process
c)[line 26]מִן דוּ קַיֵים על ברריה לא חסר כלום- (a) once it has been fully refined, it loses nothing (MISHNAS ELIYAHU); (b) since the Menorah in question had been wrought from fully refined gold, its mass was not reduced (KORBAN HA'EDAH)
12)[line 28]שופרות- large collection boxes that were narrow on top where the slot to put the money was, wide on the bottom, and had no door. These features guarded against theft by allowing money into the box, but not allowing any out.
13a)[line 29]תִּקְלִין חַדְתִּין- - new Shekalim; i.e., those donated toward the purchase of Korbanos for the current year
b)[line 30]תִּקְלִין עַתִּיקִין- old Shekalim; i.e., those owed from previous years
14)[line 30]קִנִין- pairs of birds
15)[line 30]גוֹזְלֵי עולה- young birds as Olah offerings
16)[line 30]עצים- [fire]wood [to fuel the Mizbe'ach]
17)[line 30]לְבוֹנָה- frankincense; alt. oliban (which emit a pleasing scent when burned) [to be offered alone upon the Mizbe'ach]
18)[line 31]לְכַפּוֹרֶת- for [the Klei Shares, which provide [atonement]
19)[line 32]אֶשְתַּקַד- the previous year
20a)[line 33]תּוֹרִין- (a) turtledoves; (b) adult pigeons (TIKLIN CHADTIN)
b)[line 33]בני יונה- (a) pigeons; (b) young pigeons (TIKLIN CHADTIN)
21)[line 34]עולות- [voluntary] burnt-offerings
22)[line 34]קִנִין(KINEI ZAVIN; KINEI ZAVOS; KINEI YOLDOS)
(a)A pair of birds is known as a Ken (plural Kinim), which means "nest." There are three individuals who may be required to offer such a pair of birds as Korbanos, one an Olah and the other as a Chat'as. They are a Zav, a Zavah, and a woman who has given birth.
1.A man who emits Zov at least twice, whether this occurs over the course of one day or two or consecutive days, is called a Zav. Zov is a clear discharge with the appearance of the white of a sterile or spoiled egg (in contrast to semen, which has the consistency of fresh egg white). Zov also may be a pus-like discharge resembling the liquid component of barley dough or soft barley batter. A Zav has the status of an Av ha'Tum'ah and may not enter "Machaneh Leviyah" (see Background to Pesachim 67:6).
2.A Zav must count seven "clean" days during which he experiences no discharge in order to start his purification process. On the seventh day or following, he immerses himself in a Mikvah during the daytime. At nightfall he becomes Tahor (assuming that he continue to experience no emissions; Zavim 2:2).
3.If a Zav emits Zov only twice, he need not bring a Korban. If he has discharged Zov three times, however - whether over the course of one day or over two or three consecutive days - he must offer a Korban after completing his seven clean days in order to be able to enter the Beis ha'Mikdash or eat Korbanos.
4.The Korban which a Zav must offer consists of a pair of turtle-doves or common doves, one as an Olah and one as a Chatas.
1.The eleven days which follow the seven days of Nidah (see Background to Pesachim 112:62) are termed days of Zivah. If a woman experiences uterine bleeding during this time for either one day or two consecutive days, she is known as a Zavah Ketanah and is Teme'ah. As long as she does not bleed over the following night and day, she may immerse in a Mikvah to become Tehorah. She may even immerse the morning immediately following the bleeding, although whether or not she becomes Tehorah is contingent upon whether or not she sees blood later on that day. A woman in such a situation is called a Shomeres Yom Keneged Yom, for she must watch the following day in order to determine whether or not she has continued to bleed.
2.If a woman has a show of blood for three consecutive days during her eleven days of Zivah, she attains the status of a Zavah Gedolah. In order to become Tehorah, she must count seven "clean days" during which she experiences no further bleeding. On the morning of the seventh clean day she may immerse in a Mikvah. As long as she experiences no further bleeding over the rest of that day she is Tehorah and no longer a Zavah. She must then offer a Korban Zavah in order to enter the Beis ha'Mikdash or partake of Kodshim. This Korban consists of a pair of turtle-doves or common doves, one as an Olah and one as a Chatas. A pair of birds is known as a Ken (plural Kinim), which means "nest."
1.In discussing the laws of Tum'ah and Taharah, the Torah (Vayikra 12:1-8) states that a woman may not enter the Beis ha'Mikdash nor eat Kodshim immediately childbirth. How long she must wait is divided into two terms. 1) During the initial term, she has the status of a Nidah (even if she had not seen any blood during the process). If she gave birth to a boy, this term lasts for seven days. If a girl was born, this term lasts for two weeks. At the end of this term, she may go to the Mikvah. 2) During the second stage, any blood that she sees does not cause her to have the status of a Nidah as it normally would. The blood that she sees during this period is called "Dam Tohar". (The current practice is to consider a woman a Nidah even during the period of Dam Tohar - see Insights to Nidah 25a.) She still may not eat Kodshim nor enter the Beis ha'Mikdash, however. This term lasts for thirty-three days following the first seven after birth of a boy, and sixty-six days following the first fourteen after the birth of a girl. Thus, the total waiting period following the birth of a boy is forty days, and following the birth of a girl, eighty days.
2.At the end of this period, any blood that the Yoledes sees is no longer considered Tahor, and will cause her to have the status of a Nidah. At this point she must bring a Korban Yoledes, after which she may eat Kodshim and enter the Beis ha'Mikdash. The Korban consists of a male sheep as a Korban Olah, and a dove or a turtledove as a Korban Chatas. If she can not afford the sheep, she may bring two doves or two turtledoves, one as an Olah and one as a Chatas. A pair of birds is known as a Ken (plural Kinim), which means "nest."
3.A woman who miscarries her child must follow the above procedure as well.
23)[line 36]גְזִירִין- Amah-by-Amah blocks of wood that are as high as the block used to level dry measures (Zevachim 62b)
24)[line 36]קוֹמֶץ- that amount which can be held between the middle three fingers of one hand and the palm. It is removed by placing one's hand in a substance and removing one handful. One then wipes away the excess extending beyond his three middle fingers using his thumb and pinky until only the Kometz remains.
25)[line 38]עולות(KAYITZ HA'MIZBE'ACH)
(a)There were six Shofaros (coffers; see Background to 5:14) kept in the Mikdash, the contents of which are used to purchase Korbanos for "Kayitz ha'Mizbe'ach." Kayitz ha'Mizbe'ach consists of Korbanos Olah that are offered upon the Mizbe'ach when it is not otherwise in use. These Korbanos are Korbenos Tzibor (communal offerings).
(b)Rashi to Sukah 56a DH Kayitz explains that these offerings are called Kayitz since they are a "dessert" for the Mizbe'ach. Kayitz refers to cut figs, a common dessert food. Another explanation is that these offerings are offered upon the Mizbe'ach during the long days of the summer (Kayitz) months.
26)[line 43]"כֶּסֶף אָשָם וְכֶסֶף חַטָאוֹת לוֹא יוּבָא בֵּית ה', לַכּוֹהֲנִים יִהְיוּ"- "Money designated for an Asham or a Chatas should not be brought to the House of HaSh-m; it shall belong to the Kohanim." (Melachim II 12:17) (THE RENOVATION OF THE BEIS HA'MIKDASH IN THE TIMES OF YO'ASH)
(a)Yo'ash ascended the throne of Yehudah when he was seven years old. The young king went in the ways of HaSh-m until the death of his mentor, Yehoyada, the Kohen Gadol. One of his first undertakings was the renewal the Beis ha'Mikdash, which had been breached by his grandmother, the wicked queen Asalyahu.
(b)The last of the various Takanos (decrees; see also below, #57) enacted by King Yo'ash to strengthen the Beis ha'Mikdash affected money left over from that which had been designated for an Asham or Chatas. Instead of landing in the Bedek ha'Bayis (fund of Hekdesh) for repairs, he instituted that it should be given to the Kohanim. They would use it to purchase Olos Kayitz ha'Mizbe'ach (see previous entry), retaining the skins for themselves.
27)[line 46]תערובות- mixture [of valid and invalid monies]
28)[line 46]אחת מהן- one of those [who placed money in the coffer]
29)[line 47]דמי חטאות מיתות(CHAMESH CHATA'OS HA'MESOS)
(a)There are five categories of Korbenos Chatas which are left locked up without food or water until they expire, as per Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai. These are:
1.The offspring of a Chatas (which also has the Kedushah of a Chatas)
2.The Temurah (see Background to Pesachim 96:17) of a Chatas
3.A Chatas whose owner has passed away
4.A sheep or goat designated as a Korban Chatas which is now older than one year (and therefore invalidated as a Korban Chatas)
5.A Chatas which was lost and later found with a Mum, whose owner has in the interim offered a different Chatas to atone for his sin (Temurah 21b)
(b)If one designates money for the purchase of a Korban Chatas and then passes away, the money must be disposed of (such as by throwing it into the Yam ha'Melach, the Dead Sea), just as the actual Chatas of one who passed away must be left to expire.
30)[line 1]נִתְעַצֵל- were lazy
31)[line 3]כי קאמרינן- [Rebbi Yehudah] said [that he was concerned] when
32)[line 4]נִבְרוֹר- let us choose
33)[line 4]וְנִישְׁדִי בְּנַהַרָא- and throw them into a river
34)[line 5]ואידך לִישְׁתְּרוּ- and the rest [of the money remaining in the coffer] shall become permitted
35)[line 6]ברירה(YESH BEREIRAH/EIN BEREIRAH)
(a)In numerous places in Shas we find arguments among the Tana'im/Amora'im as to whether "Yesh Bereirah" (i.e. Bereirah works) or "Ein Bereirah" (i.e. Bereirah doesn't work). Bereirah means making the effect of one's action contingent retroactively upon future events. Examples of this are: buying or selling an object on the condition that it rains the following day, or that the object of the sale will remain undefined until it is selected the following day. "Ein Bereirah" means that such a stipulation does not work. An action cannot be contingent on a future event. The Ran (Nedarim 45b) explains this opinion with the following logic : "It is not proper for something to take effect when upon what it will take effect is still in question." (See Insights to Chulin 15:2.) "Yesh Bereirah" means that such a stipulation does work.
(b)When the action is contingent on a past event, there is no question that the action works - even if the people involved in the action are not aware as to whether the past event did or did not take place. Example: If a person makes two Eruvei Techumin before sundown on Erev Shabbos, places them on opposite sides of his city, and declares, "If my Rebbi is presently staying in the village to the East, I would like the Eastern Eruv to work; if not, I would like the Western Eruv to work." The man making the Eruv may not know where his Rebbi is, but when he finds out, the Eruv will have taken effect on the side that he stipulated ("Kevar Ba Chacham" - see Chulin 14b).
(c)We find dozens of instances in the Gemara where a person may perform an action "on the condition that..." (b'Tenai). For example, a man may buy/sell an object or divorce his wife on the condition that the other party pays/does whatever the first party specifies. If the condition is not kept in the future, the sale/divorce is annulled. This situation is not called Bereirah - see Insights to Eruvin 36b.
(d)Halachically, most Poskim conclude (based on Beitzah 38a) that regarding biblical questions (mid'Oraisa), we assume that Bereirah does not work (l'Chumra), but regarding Rabbinical questions (mid'Rabanan), we rely on Bereirah (l'Kula).
36)[line 7]בעי- asked [those in the Beis Midrash if they agreed with the opinion he was about to advance]
37)[line 8]זה- one of the two logs of wood placed upon the Mizbe'ach in order to burn the afternoon Tamid. Each of these was carried by a separate Kohen, as the Gemara goes on to quote (Yoma 26b).
38)[line 11]אמה שׂוֹחֶקֶת- Amos made up of wide (lit. laughing) Tefachim; i.e., measured with the fingers held loosely
39)[line 12]אמה גְדוּמָה- Amos made up of narrow Tefachim; i.e., with the fingers held tightly
40)[line 13]טוֹרְטְני- the stick of a balance scale
41)[line 14]מקום המַעֲרָכָה- the place of the fire atop the Mizbe'ach
42)[line 14]לפיכך- therefore [in order to make sure that the wood did not extend beyond this point]
43)[line 15](אמה היסוד)- the one-Amah tall base of the Mizbe'ach in the Beis ha'Mikdash was one Amah wide
44)[line 16](סובב)- the ledge where the Mizbe'ach in the Beis ha'Mikdash was indented in order for the Kohanim to walk upon it
45)[line 16]כַּרְכּוֹב- the area surrounding the fire atop the Mizbe'ach in the Mishkan where the Kohanim walked
46)[line 16]קְרָנוֹת- the one-Amah cube "horns" atop the corners of the Mizbe'ach
47)[line 17]כאן(KORBAN MINCHAH)
(a)Korbenos Minchah are offerings that contain flour. In most Menachos, a Kometz of the offering is burned on the Mizbe'ach ha'Chitzon. The remainder of the Minchah (the Sheyarei ha'Minchah) is eaten by male Kohanim in the Azarah, since the Korban Minchah is in the category of Korbanos known as Kodshei Kodashim (see Background to Zevachim 104:29). The Sheyarei ha'Minchah must be consumed by the Kohanim prior to the following sunrise (RAMBAM Hilchos Ma'aseh ha'Korbanos 10:7).
(b)A Kometz is defined as that which can be held between the middle three fingers and the palm. The Kohen places his hand in the mixture and removes one handful. He then wipes away the excess extending beyond his three middle fingers using his thumb and pinky until only the Kometz remains.
(c)Kemitzah is only performed when a Minchah is brought by a non-Kohen. A Minchah offered by a Kohen is entirely burned on the Mizbe'ach.
(d)A Kometz of Levonah (frankincense or oliban, a gum resin that comes from trees found in present-day Arabia and India) is placed on top of most Menachos and is later offered upon the Mizbe'ach ha'Chitzon.
(e)All Korbanos may be offered jointly by more than one person, with the exception of the Korbenos Minchah. This is due to the verse which states, "v'Nefesh Ki Sakriv Korban Minchah..." - "And when a soul (singular) will offer a flour offering..." (Vayikra 2:1; Menachos 104b).
(f)The Torah describes thirteen distinct varieties of Minchah; see Background to Menachos 2:1.
48)[line 18]לְהַלָן- lit. "there" (LECHEM HA'PANIM)
(a)The Lechem ha'Panim (Showbread) are 12 loaves arranged in two stacks (Sedarim) - six loaves to a stack - on the Golden Table of the Mishkan or Beis ha'Mikdash. The loaves are one Tefach thick and may not be Chametz. Fresh loaves are arranged on the Table every Shabbos and are left there through the following Shabbos. The loaves are eaten by Kohanim after their removal. (Vayikra 24:5-9).
(b)A Kometz (the amount which can be held between one's middle three fingers and his palm) of Levonah (frankincense) is placed alongside each stack in a Bazach (bowl). The Levonah is offered upon the Mizbe'ach when the loaves are removed. Only after this is done may the Lechem ha'Panim be eaten by the Kohanim.
(c)This definition of "here" and "there" follows the TIKLIN CHADTIN; according to the KORBAN HA'EDAH they refer to the opposite Parshiyos.
49)[line 20]שני קומצין- two Komtzin [one for each of the stacks of Lechem ha'Panim]
50)[line 21]אמר ר' אילא...- (a) The KORBAN HA'EDAH explains the argument of Rebbi Ila as follows: How can you suggest that a voluntary donation of Levonah should require two Komtzin, similar to the Levonah offered with the Lechem ha'Panim? Do those two Komtzin not *each* require a Shi'ur, and one cannot make up for the lack in the other? Clearly they are two separate offerings! (b) According to the Girsa of the VILNA GA'ON, the TIKLIN CHADTIN explains: It was incorrect to assume that the source for the minimum size of a voluntary Levonah offering was the Levonah of the Lechem ha'Panim. Rather, it is learned from the Pasuk referring to a Korban Minchah. Therefore, the same way in which the Levonah of a Korban Minchah is valid b'Di'eved even if the Kohen mistakenly offered less than a Kometz, so too is the case with a voluntary Levonah offering.
51)[line 24]מילתא דרבי אילא אמרה (= שמע מינה מדרבי אילא)- from the words of Rebbi Ila it is evident
52)[line 28]צוּרָה- a coin
53)[line 29]צִינוֹרָא- a poker [used to straighten the wicks of the Menorah, which was the smallest golden utensil used in the performance of the Avodah]
54)[line 30]בתי אבות(MISHMAROS)
(a)Every family of Kohanim belongs to one of 24 shifts (Mishmaros). Each Mishmar serves in the Mikdash for one week at a time, meaning that each one performs the Avodah for at least two weeks out of the year. The Mishmaros change on Shabbos, when the outgoing Mishmar performs the Avodah in the morning and the incoming Mishmar performs the Avodah in the afternoon.
(b)Every Mishmar is further divided into six Batei Avos. Each Beis Av serves on a different day of the week. On Shabbos, the Kohanim of all of the Batei Avos perform the Avodah together (RASHI Menachos 107b). Some contend that the Mishmaros are divided into seven groups, and only one group serves on Shabbos (RASHI Ta'anis 26a; see Insights).
(c)On the Shalosh Regalim (the holidays of Pesach, Shavuos and Sukos) all the Mishmaros Kehunah come to Yerushalayim to fulfill the Mitzvah of Aliyah l'Regel. At those times, Kohanim from any Mishmar are permitted to perform the Avodah of the Regel.
55)[line 31]שש בהמות- [the] six animals [which are valid as Olah offerings, one coffer for each type of animal that one wishes to donate]
56)[line 32]ששה קרבנות- [the] six offerings [whose leftover money falls to Kayitz ha'Mizbe'ach]
57)[line 36]"וּכְכַלּוֹתָם הֵבִיאוּ לִפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ וִיהוֹיָדָע אֶת שְׁאָר הַכֶּסֶף וַיַּעֲשֵהוּ כֵלִים לְבֵית-ד' כְּלֵי שָׁרֵת וְהַעֲלוֹת וְכַפּוֹת וּכְלֵי זָהָב וָכָסֶף וַיִּהְיוּ מַעֲלִים עלוֹת בְּבֵית-ד' תָּמִיד כּל יְמֵי יְהוֹיָדָע"- "When they finished, they brought the remaining money before the king and Yehoyada, who made it into utensils for the house of HaSh-m - ministering vessels, mortars, pans, and golden and silver instruments. They continually offered Olos in the house of HaSh-m all the days of Yehoyada." (Divrei ha'Yamim II 24:14) (THE RENOVATION OF THE BEIS HA'MIKDASH IN THE TIMES OF YO'ASH)
(a)Yo'ash ascended the throne of Yehudah when he was seven years old. The young king went in the ways of HaSh-m until the death of his mentor Yehoyada, the Kohen Gadol. One of his first undertakings was the renewal the Beis ha'Mikdash, which had been breached by his grandmother, the wicked queen Asalyahu. The first order of business was to replenish the treasury of Hekdesh, which had been emptied by the nation in order to purchase sacrifices for the idol Ba'al.
(b)To this end, Yo'ash enlisted the Kohanim to collect the annual half-Shekel from Klal Yisrael. He told them that they would be allowed to retain the money, provided that they then finance the repairs to the Beis ha'Mikdash. The Kohanim did collect and keep the half-Shekalim, but they failed to effect the necessary repairs. After the passage of a number of years, the Beis ha'Mikdash remained as dilapidated as ever.
(c)In order to correct the situation, King Yo'ash ordered the manufacture of a large collection box. It was to be narrow on top where the slot to put the money was, wide on the bottom, and was not to have a door. These features guarded against theft by allowing money into the box, but not allowing any out. He placed it next to the entrance of the Beis ha'Mikdash, "and he announced throughout Yehudah and Yerushalayim that they (the people) should bring to HaSh-m the half-Shekalim (Mas'as Moshe) that Moshe, servant of HaSh-m, commanded Yisrael in the desert" (Divrei ha'Yamim II 24:9).
(d)The entire nation responded enthusiastically, and the box was quickly filled.
(e)Initially, the money emptied from this coffer was spent upon wood and stones necessary for construction, and to pay the various craftsmen who worked on the repair and renovation of the Beis-ha'Mikdash.
58)[last line]שתי נדבות עשה- (a) according to KORBAN HA'EDAH, this comes to answer the apparent contradiction between two verses, one of which states that the coffer of Yo'ash was placed next to the Mizbe'ach, and the other of which states that it was located outside of the gate of the Beis ha'Mikdash. (b) according to the Girsa of the VILNA GA'ON, the contradiction is between the verse quoted in our Gemara and that which states, "However, from the money brought to the House of HaSh-m they did not manufacture silver bowls, Mezamros (musical instruments), basins, trumpets, or any golden or silver vessels" (Melachim II 12:14).