prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) Whom does the Beraisa preclude from being circumcised on Shabbos, from the Pasuk in Shemini "u'va'Yom ha'Shemini, Yimol Besar Orlaso" besides a Safek (which will be explained later)?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah say about an Androginus, besides the fact that his Milah overrides Shabbos?
(c) Who else does the Tana preclude from being circumcised on Shabbos, besides a baby that is born Bein ha'Shemashos (on Friday evening)?
(a) According to Beis Shamai, a baby who is born circumcised requires Hatafas Dam Bris. What is 'Hatafas Dam Bris'?
(b) What do Beis Hillel say?
(c) What is the basis of their Machlokes?
(d) What do Beis Shamai say about circumcising him on Shabbos?
(a) According to Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar, Beis Hillel agree that a Nolad Mahul requires Hatafas Dam Bris. Why is that?
(b) Then over what are Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel arguing?
(c) Why, according to Beis Hillel, should the latter require Hatafas Dam Bris any less than a Nolad Mahul?
(a) What does the Tana of the first Beraisa mean when he says 've'Lo Safek Docheh es ha'Shabbos'? Which Safek still remains that he has not already listed?
(b) Why does one not circumcise an eighth month baby?
(c) How does another Beraisa define him?
(d) Seeing as his mother is forbidden to move him, why is she nevertheless permitted to 'bend over him and feed him'?
(a) Rav rules like the Tana Kama (according to Beis Hillel). What does Shmuel say?
(b) What happened to Rav Ada bar Ahavah, when his wife bore him a child who was a Nolad Mahul?
(c) What did Rav Ada bar Ahavah comment on that?
(a) Rav Nachman asked Rav Ada bar Ahavah why he thought that he had conformed with the opinion of Shmuel. Why did he (Rav Nachman) think that he had not?
(b) On what grounds did Rav Ada bar Ahavah disagree with him? How did he interpret Shmuel's ruling?
(c) In fact, they are arguing over the same point as Rabah and Rav Yosef. Rabah says 'Chayshinan Shema Orlah Kevushah Hi'. What does Rav Yosef say?
(a) Rav Yosef tries to prove that a Nolad Mahul is a Vadai Orlah Kevushah from a Beraisa where Rebbi Elazar ha'Kapor establishes the Machlokes between Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel with regard to circumcising a Nolad Mahul on Shabbos. What does he then say regarding Hatafas Dam Bris during the week?
(b) What does Rav Yosef think that the Tana Kama will hold with regard to a Nolad Mahul on Shabbos?
(c) How do we counter Rav Yosef's proof. What might the Tana Kama really hold?
(d) How do we answer the question that if that is so, Rebbi Elazar ha'Kapar is merely coming to teach us the opinion of Beis Shamai (which is inconceivable)?
(a) What does Rav Asi learn from the Pesukim "Ishah ki Sazri'a ... ve'Tam'ah ... u'va'Yom ha'Shemini Yimol Besar Orlaso"?
(b) What, besides a woman who gave birth to a boy and who converted the following day, is an example of 'Ein Imo Temei'ah Leidah'?
(c) How does Rav Asi refute Abaye's query from the generations from Avraham to Moshe, whose mothers were not Metamei Leidah, yet who performed the Bris on the eighth day?
(a) What is the Machlokes between Rav Huna and Rav Chiya bar Rav argue regarding a baby born by cesarean section and one who is born with two Orlos?
(b) What do we initially think they will hold with regard to performing the Bris on the eighth day when it does not fall on Shabbos?
(c) We refute this proof by saying 'Ha be'Ha Talya'. What does this mean?
(a) In fact, Rebbi Asi's ruling is a Machlokes Tana'im. The Beraisa discusses two categories of Eved Cana'ani who require Bris Milah. What are they?
(b) On which two possible days does one become obligated to circumcise them?
(c) From where do we know that there are two such categories?
(d) What is the significance in this regard of the word "Lachem" in the Pasuk "u'Ven Shemonas Yamim Yimol Lachem Kol Zachar ... "?
(a) If one purchased a pregnant Shifchah, the baby must be circumcised on the eighth day. What is then the case of a Miknas Kesef who is circumcised immediately?
(b) If one's Shifchah became pregnant, the baby requires Milah on the eighth day. In which case does Rebbi Acha dispute the latter ruling? When is the baby born to a Yelid Bayis circumcised immediately?
(c) What does the Tana Kama say?
(d) What is the basis of their Machlokes?
(a) According to R. Chama, we have no problem in presenting all four possibilities, both Yelid Bayis and Miknas Kesef, which are circumcised on the eighth day or on the first. We present the case of Miknas Kesef that is circumcised on the first day, according to Rebbi Chama where Reuven purchased the mother and Shimon, the baby. Why is the baby then circumcised on the first day and not on the eighth?
(b) Why do we not ...
1. ... establish the case like the Tana Kama of the Beraisa (when he purchased a Shifchah together with her baby)?
2. ... present the case in the same way as we do Yelid Bayis (where he purchased the pregnant mother, who gave birth to the boy before she Toveled)?
(c) In which of the above cases does the text of the She'iltos differ from ours?
(d) On what grounds did he change it
(a) What problem do we now have according to the Chachamim?
(b) Rebbi Yirmiyah answers that it possible in a case where he purchased a Shifchah only in order to acquire her fetus. How does this answer the Kashya?
(c) This answer is inadequate however, according to the one who holds 'Kinyan Peiros ke'Kinyan ha'Guf'. Which Amora'im argue over this point in Bava Basra.
(d) So why is the answer inadequate according to that opinion?
(e) How does Rav Mesharshaya finally resolve the problem? In which case will the Yelid Bayis be circumcised on the first day, according to the Chachamim?
(a) What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel in a Beraisa learn from the Pasuk ...
1. ... in Korach "u'Feduyav mi'ben Chodesh Tifdeh"?
2. ... in Emor "u'mi'Yom ha'Shemini Vahal'ah, Yeratzeh le'Korban"?
(b) What problem do we then have with every eighth day Milah?
(c) How does Rav Ada bar Ahavah answer the question?
(d) How do Mar b'rei de'Ravina and Rav Nechumi bar Zecharyah then explain the Beraisa, which forbids circumcising a Safek seventh month, Safek eighth-month baby on Shabbos?
(e) Why does he specifically cite Rebbi Eliezer?