prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
12TH CYCLE SHABBOS 87 - dedicated l'Zecher Nishmas our grandmother, Joan Zinn (Miriam bas Reuven), who helped make Phoenix, Arizona, into a Makom Torah for the whole Southwest, by Yaakov and Chanie Siegel.
(a) On the day that they arrived at Har Sinai, both Tana'im agree that Moshe did not say anything to the Benei Yisrael. Why not?
(b) If, according to Rebbi Yossi, on the second of Sivan, he repeated to them "ve'Atem Tih'yu Li Mamleches Kohanim ... " (until Chamishi), what did he tell them on ...
1. ... Tuesday, the third?
2. ... Wednesday, the fourth?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk ...
1. ... "Hishamru Lachem Alos be'Katzeihu"?
2. ... "ve'Kidashtem Hayom u'Machar"?
(d) What is the significance of the order in which they appear in the Chumash?
(a) What is the problem with Rebbi Yossi, based on the Pasuk in Yisro "ve'Kidashtem Hayom u'Machar"?
(b) How does Rebbi Yossi deal with this problem?
(c) From where do we know that Hash-m agreed with Moshe?
(a) What else, besides separating permanently from his wife, did Moshe initiate of his own accord?
(b) We know that Hash-m agreed with Moshe's separating from his wife too, because, when He eventually permitted Yisrael to return to their wives, he instructed Moshe to remain with Him. But from where do we know that Hash-m agreed with his breaking of the Luchos?
(c) Moshe added one day to the original two of Hafrashah, because he Darshened "ha'Yom u'Machar". What did he Darshen from there?
(d) In effect, both his decision to separate from his wife and to break the Luchos were based on Kal-ve'Chomers. On which decision did he arrive at the decision to ...
1. ... separate from his wife?
2. ... break the Luchos?
(a) How do others learn the earlier Limud from the Pasuk "Peh el Peh Adaber bo"?
(b) How will Rebbi Yossi reconcile his opinion with the Pasuk "Ve'hayu Nechonim la'Yom ha'Shelishi"?
(c) What problem does the Beraisa 'Shelishi, Shelishi ba'Chodesh, u'Shelishi be'Shabbos' pose on Rava (see Tosfos DH 'Kashya')?
(d) How do we answer the Kashya?
(a) The Torah writes "va'Yashev Moshe es Divrei ha'Am el Hash-m", and then, without any apparent reply on the part of Yisrael, it goes on to say "va'Yaged Moshe es Divrei ha'Am el Hash-m". To which words of Yisrael might the Torah be referring, according to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah?
(b) According to the first version of in Rebbi, "va'Yashev Moshe" ... means that he first told them things that would normally cause one to rebel (Shovav) i.e. the punishments, and then "va'Yaged Moshe", he told them the things that attract like Agadah (the rewards due to those who keep the Torah). What is his alternative explanation.
(c) We already established the author of the Beraisa which states 'Shelishi, Shelishi ba'Chodesh, u'Shelishi be'Shabbos' as Rebbi Yossi. What does the Tana ...
1. ... now mean?
2. ... of a second Beraisa (we also establish like Rebbi Yossi) mean, when he says 'Shishi, Shishi ba'Chodesh, Shishi be'Shabbos?
(d) What does the first 'Shishi' mean?
(e) How will we reconcile 'Shelishi' in the first Beraisa and 'Shishi' in the second, according to Rebbi Yossi, seeing as according to him, the Torah was given on Shabbos (and not on Friday)?
(a) Who is the author of the Beraisa which states 'Shishi, Shishi ba'Chodesh, Shishi be'Shabbos'?
(b) Rava establishes the first 'Shishi' by the sixth day after they encamped. What does Rav Acha bar Ya'akov say?
(c) The Machlokes between these two opinions is with regard to the Pasuk in Va'eschanan (in connection with the Mitzvah of Shabbos in the second Dibros). "Ka'asher Tzivcha Hash-m Elokecha". What does it refer to according to Rav Yehudah Amar Rav explain it?
(d) What is now the basis of the Machlokes between Rava and Rav Acha bar Ya'akov?
(a) A Beraisa discusses the timetable of the actual Exodus from Egypt. On which day of the week did Yisrael leave Egypt?
(b) How would it follow that Rosh Chodesh Sivan would fall on Sunday (like Rebbi Yossi)?
(c) How do the Rabbanan reconcile this with their own opinion?
(a) We query the Rabbanan however, from another Beraisa. What does the Tana there say?
(b) How do we then reconcile the Rabanan with that Beraisa?
(a) The Beraisa discusses Yisrael's arrival in Midbar Sin (from Eilim). Why did they then begin to grumble?
(b) How do we know that they arrived in Midbar Sin on Shabbos?
(c) What do we extrapolate from here regarding the day on which Rosh Chodesh Sivan must have fallen?
(d) What will the Rabbanan say to that?
(a) How does the Tana of the Beraisa cited by Rav Chavivi from Chuzna'ah encapsulate the importance of the first of Nisan in a nutshell?
(b) What is the meaning of 'Rishon ...
1. ... le'Ma'aseh Bereishis'?
2. ... li'Nesi'im'?
3. ... li'Kehunah'?
4. ... la'Avodah'?
5. ... la'Achilas Kodshim'?
(c) Three of remaining five things of significance that happened for the first time on the Rosh Chodesh Nisan are that the fire came down from Heaven to consume the Korban Tzibur, the Shechinah dwelt in the midst of Klal Yisrael and the Kohanim blessed Yisrael. What are the remaining two?
(d) In which year of Yetzi'as Mitzrayim did this take place?
(a) According to the current Beraisa, based on a statement of Acherim, Rosh Chodesh Nisan of the previous year (the year that they left Egypt) must have fallen on Wednesday. What did Acherim say?
(b) What is the reasoning behind Acherim's statement?
(c) What Kashya does this pose on both Rebbi Yossi and the Rabbanan?
(d) How do we answer it according to
1. ... R ebbi Yossi?
2. ... the Rabbanan