prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) The Tana begins the Masechta by listing the Yetzi'os of Shabbos both inside and outside. What does 'Yetzi'os ha'Shabbos' mean?
(b) What do 'inside' and 'outside' respectively, mean?
(c) What does 'Yetzi'os' (carrying out) include?
(d) Why does the Mishnah use the word 'Yetzi'os' and not (the more grammatically-correct) 'Hotza'os'?
(e) Why does Rebbi begin Maseches Shabbos with the Melachah of carrying, seeing as it the last Melachah on the list of Avos Melachos (in the seventh Perek [see Tos. Yom-Tov).
(a) The Tana lists two Yetzi'os which are really four 'inside'. How many does he list 'outside'?
(b) And what is the meaning of 'two which are four'?
(a) What is the punishments for carrying on Shabbos ...
1. ... be'Shogeg?
2. ... be'Meizid?
(b) On what condition is one then Chayav Sekilah?
(c) What do we learn from the word "ba'Asosah" (in the Pasuk in Vayikra "ba'Asosah es Kol Mitzvos Hash-m")? in connection with a Korban Chatas)?
(d) What constitutes Hotza'ah for which one is Chayav?
(e) Which cases did the Rabbanan then institute involving two men?
(a) Which two kinds of men does the Mishnah speak about?
(b) What are they doing; where are they situated?
(c) Why did Rebbi opt to discuss specifically about this case?
(d) In which two cases does the Tana obligate ...
1. ... Ani?
2. ... the Ashir?
(a) What problem do we have with the fact that, in both of the above cases, either the Akirah or the Hanachah involves the hand of one of the two men?
(b) How do we solve the problem? What makes the hand special?
(c) In the two above cases, one of the men is Chayav, whilst the other is Patur. What does Patur mean in this instance?
(a) One of the two sets where both men are Patur Aval Asur is where the poor man handed the basket inside and either the rich man took it from his hands or he placed the loaf of bread into it and the poor man took it out. What is the other set?
(b) Why does the Tana only refer to two which are four, and not two which are eight, bearing in mind that in each of the last four cases, one of them performs an Akirah, and the other, a Hanachah?
(a) What does the Mishnah now say about starting a haircut, entering a bath-house, or a tannery, starting a meal or a court-case close to Minchah-time (assuming one has not yet Davened Minchah)?
(b) What does 'Samuch le'Minchah' mean? Which Minchah is the Tana referring to?
(c) What is the reason for the prohibition?
(d) Considering the early hour, why did the Chachamim forbid having a haircut already from midday?
(e) Why does the Tana insert the case of having a haircut, and subsequently all the other cases mentioned here in the middle of the Dinim of carrying on Shabbos?
(a) What are we afraid will happen in the case of ...
1. ... a bath?
2. ... a haircut?
3. ... the tanner?
4. ... a small meal?
5. ... a court-case, assuming they already hold at the end of the case?
(b) What does one do if he forgot and inadvertently began any of the above?
(c) In which case is he obligated to stop and Daven even if he already began?
(a) What constitutes the beginning in the case of ...
1. ... a haircut?
2. ... a tanner?
3. ... a meal?
4. ... a court-case?
5. ... a court-case if the Dayanim are already wearing a Talis from the previous case?
(b) One version of what constitutes the beginning of a bath is where the bather has already removes his underclothes. What is the other version?
(a) Why does our Mishnah forbid a tailor to go out with a needle on Friday afternoon shortly before Shabbos?
(b) Why does the Tana mention specifically a tailor?
(c) What similar prohibition does he place upon a Sofer (scribe)?
(a) Under what circumstances does the Mishnah forbid delousing one's clothes and reading once Shabbos comes in?
(b) What is the reason for the prohibition?
(c) What if the lamp is very high up, so that it is very difficult to get to?
(d) The above are permitted under one of two conditions; one of them if there is somebody to remind him not to turn up the wick. What is the other condition?
(a) Be'emes, says the Mishnah, the Chazan is permitted to watch the children reading (by the light of a lamp). What is the significance of the word 'Be'emes' (see commentaries)?
(b) What does 'the Chazan' mean?
(c) Why is this permitted?
(d) Why are we not afraid that the children will inadvertently turn up the wick?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about the Chazan reading the Parshah?
(b) Why do we not assume that he will not turn up the wick in front of the children?
(c) Based on this latter ruling, what do some say about appointing one's wife to be a Shomer whilst he reads?
(a) What does the Tana say about a Zav and a Zavah eating together?
(b) Why does he introduce this ruling with 'ke'Yotzei bo'?
(c) What is the reason for the prohibition?
(d) Why does it mention specifically 'a Zav with a Zavah'?
(a) To which two Halachos is the Tana referring when he said that these are some of the Halachos that they learned in the attic of Chananyah ben Chizkiyah ben Guryon?
(b) Why did Chananyah ben Chizkiyah ben Guryon hide himself in the attic in the first place?
(c) One of the problems in Seifer Yechezkel lies in the Pasuk "Kol Neveilah u'Tereifah min ha'Of ... Lo Yochlu ha'Kohanim!" What is the problem with that?
(d) How many decrees did the Chachamim issue on that day, besides the above two?
(a) What has this to do with Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel?
(b) Why did they deviate from the principle 'Halachah ke'Beis Hillel' and rule like Beis Shamai?
(c) The first two of the eighteen decrees concerned somebody who eats food that is a Rishon or a Sheini le'Tum'ah. What did they decree?
(d) The third decree concerns somebody who drinks a Tamei liquid. What did they decree there?
(e) What is the common reason for these three decrees?
(a) The first of the two decrees (4&5) concerning Mayim She'uvim (drawn water) is that somebody who enters a pool of drawn water after Toveling in a Mikvah remains Tamei. What is the second?
(b) What is the reason for ...
1. ... this decree?
2. ... the 6th decree that Sefarim of Kisvei Kodesh invalidate Terumah upon contact?
3. ... the 7th decree, that renders 'Stam' hands (that have not been ritually washed disqualify Terumah)?
(c) And why did they decree (number 8) that food that touches liquid that became Tamei via hands that have not been been washed (see previous decree)?
(d) What is the underlying principle behind this ruling?
(e) Why did they confine this decree? Why did they not extend it to food (on account of food that becomes Tamei via a Sheretz)?
(a) What is the status of vessels that became Tamei via the liquid of a Sheretz?
(b) What did Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel now decree (no. nine) with regard to these Keilim?
(c) What is the principle regarding Adam ve'Keilim? From what can they receive Tum'ah min ha'Torah?
(d) Why did they then see fit to decree Tum'ah in this case?
(a) The 10th decree is that the daughters of Kutim have the status of a Nidah the moment they are born. On which other decree is it based?
(b) What prompted them to issue this specific decree on the Kutim?
(c) The 11th decree concerns Metaltelin that are at least as thick as the goad of oxen. What decree did Chazal issue in this regard?
(d) What other condition is required for the decree to take effect?
(e) On what condition would it transmit Tum'ah min ha'Torah?
(a) Decree no. 12 concerns juice that flows from grapes that one picked for the wine-press. Why are the grapes not automatically Muchshar Lekabeil Tum'ah when the juice touches them?
(b) Then why did they decree that they are?
(c) The 13th decree is that 'Gidulei Terumah, Terumah'. What does this mean?
(d) On what condition would Gidulei Terumah otherwise lose their status of Terumah?
(e) The reason for this is on account of Terumah Teme'ah in the hand of a Kohen. What were the Chachamim worried about?
(a) The 14th decree concerns someone who is traveling on Erev Shabbos and Shabbos is approaching. Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel permitted him to give his objects to a Nochri to carry on his behalf. What did they forbid him to do?
(b) The 15th and 16th decrees comprise not delousing one's clothes and reading by the light of an oil-lamp (that we learned in the previous Mishnah). In the 17th decree, they forbade Yichud (secluding oneself) with a daughter of a Nochri. Which three commodities did they include in that decree?
(c) Why did they decree on their ...
1. ... bread and their oil?
2. ... wine?
3. ... daughters?
(d) Decree no. 18, concerns a Nochri child. What did they decree there?
(e) What is the reason for the latter decree?
(a) Besides ink, which two other commodities do Beis Shamai forbid to leave to soak late on Friday afternoon?
(b) On what condition do ...
1. ... they permit it?
2. ... Beis Hillel permit it even if the process does not terminate before Shabbos arrives?
(c) What is the basis of the Machlokes between Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel (both in this Mishnah and in the two cases in the next Mishnah)?
(d) On what grounds do Beis Shamai then permit lighting Shabbos candles and leaving one's pot on the stove on Shabbos?
(a) By the same token, Beis Shamai forbid placing Unin shel Pishtan into the oven unless they become bleached before Shabbos. What are 'Unin shel Pishtan'?
(b) What do they say about placing wool into a caldron?
(c) Beis Hillel permit it only if it is no longer on the stove. Why is that?
(d) Which other condition do they require before permitting it? Why is that?
(a) Beis Hillel also permit placing traps to catch wild animals just before Shabbos arrives. What do they say about placing traps or nets to catrch birds or fish?
(b) What do Beis Shamai say?
(a) On what condition do Beis Shamai permit selling something to a Nochri on Friday afternoon?
(b) Which other two things do they otherwise forbid?
(c) What is the reason for this decree?
(d) What do Beis Hillel say?
(a) On what condition do Beis Shamai permit giving in skins to a Nochri tanner and clothes to a Nochri laundry-man on Friday afternoon?
(b) What do Beis Hillel say?
(a) What testimony did Raban Gamliel give regarding white clothes?
(b) Why did they do that?
(c) What is the Halachah in this regard?
(a) Beis Shamai concede that one is permitted to load the Koros Beis-ha'Bad and the Igulei ha'Gas. What is the difference between the 'Koros Beis-ha'Bad' and the 'Igulei ha'Gas'?
(b) On what grounds do Beis-Shamai permit loading them both even though they continue to do their work on Shabbos?
(a) The Mishnah permits roasting meat and onions on Friday afternoon provided they are roasted before Shabbos arrives. Which third item does the Tana add to the list?
(b) What does 'roasted' mean in this context?
(c) On what grounds does the Tana forbid it?
(d) Then why does he not require the items to be fully roasted?
(e) Who was ben D'rusa'i?
(a) By the same token, the Tana requires bread in the oven to be baked 'K'dei she'Yikremu Panehah' before Shabbos arrives. What does 'K'dei she'Yikremu Panehah' mean?
(b) What does Rebbi Eliezer say?
(c) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) The Mishnah permits lowering the Pesach into the oven ('Meshalshin es ha'Pesach ... ') right up to Sheki'ah. What is the significance of 'Meshalshin ... '?
(b) Why did they rescind the decree in the previous Mishnah with regard to the Korban Pesach?
(a) On what condition does the Tana permit lighting a bonfire of wood on Erev Shabbos bi'Gevulin? What does 'Gevulin' mean?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah say about a coal fire?
(c) What is his reason?
(d) Why do we rule like Rebbi Yehudah?
(a) What does the Mishnah mean when it says 'Ma'achizin is ha'Ur bi'Meduras Beis-ha'Mokad'?
(b) What was the significance of the Meduras Beis ha'Mokad? Why was it necessary?
(c) In view of what we just learned regarding Gevulin, why is the Tana lenient in this case?