POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
1) A TUFT IN THE EAR
(a) (Mishnah): She may go out with a tuft in her ear.
(b) (Rami bar Yechezkeil - Beraisa): It must be tied in.
(c) (Mishnah): She may go out with a tuft in her sandal.
(d) (Rami bar Yechezkeil - Beraisa): It must be tied in.
(e) (Mishnah): She may go out with a tuft to absorb Dam Nidah.
(f) (Rami bar Chama): It must be tied between her thighs.
(g) Rejection (Rava): It need not be tied. Since it is repulsive, we are not concerned lest she remove it.
(h) Question (R. Yirmeyah): If it has a handle, what is the law? (Rashi - he asks about the tuft for Dam Nidah. She can remove it without touching it. Rashba - he asks about tufts in the ear or shoe. The handle keeps them in place.)
(i) Answer (R. Aba): It is permitted [even if it is not tied].
(j) Also R. Yochanan permitted this.
(k) R. Yochanan went to the Beis Medrash [on Shabbos], with a tuft in his ear. (It was not tied.) His colleagues objected. (Rashi - he passed through Reshus ha'Rabim.Tosfos ha'Rosh - he passed through a Chatzer.)
(l) R. Yanai went in Karmelis with a tuft in his ear. (It was not tied.) His entire generation objected.
(m) Question (against both of them): Rami bar Yechezkeil's Beraisa requires it to be tied!
(n) Answer: That is if it does not fit tightly. Their tufts fit snugly.
2) CARRYING THINGS IN THE MOUTH
(a) (Mishnah): She may go out with a pepper or salt crystal...
(b) A pepper is to counter bad breath. A salt crystal is to heal teeth.
(c) (Mishnah): Or anything in her mouth [is permitted].
(d) [This includes] ginger or cinnamon.
(e) (Mishnah): R. Meir permits to go out with an artificial [or] golden tooth. Chachamim forbid.
(f) (R. Zeira): They argue only about a golden tooth. (Chachamim forbid, lest she show it to others, or remove it to avoid ridicule, or it will fall and she will carry it), but all permit a silver tooth. (It is not so special that she will show it off, or carry it if it falls. It is inconspicuous, so people will not mock her.)
(g) Support (Beraisa): All permit a silver tooth;
1. Rebbi permits a golden tooth, and Chachamim forbid.
(h) (Abaye): The following Tana'im are not concerned lest a woman remove something that will cause shame to herself - Rebbi (regarding a gold tooth), R. Eliezer and R. Shimon ben Elazar;
1. (Mishnah - R. Eliezer): She is exempt if she went out with Koveles (spices bound together) or a flask of balsam oil (it is even permitted. She will not show it off, for it is worn to cover up body odor.)
2. (Beraisa - R. Shimon ben Elazar): The general rule is, she may go out with anything under the headdress (she would not remove it, lest she expose her hair or lack of hair), but not with something over the headdress.
3) GOING OUT WITH A COIN
(a) (Mishnah): She may go out with a coin on Tzinis. (This will be explained.)
(b) Young girls may go out with strings [through holes pierced in their ears], or even with chips of wood;
(c) Benos Yisrael in Arab lands may go out with their faces totally covered, except for their eyes; Benos Yisrael in Madai may go out with a cloak buttoned [closed];
1. Women anywhere may go out this way. Chachamim merely discuss the normal practice.
(d) She may button on a stone, nut or coin, but she may not button on Shabbos. (This will be explained.)
(e) (Gemara) Question: What is Tzinis?
(f) Answer: It is a wound on the sole of the foot.
(g) Question: Why is a coin good for this?
(h) Answer #1: It is hard. (It protects the wound, in case she will walk on thorns or pegs.)
(i) Objection: If so, a piece of earthenware could be used! (This would be better, for it would be permanently designated for this. A coin is normally Muktzeh.)
(j) Answer #2: Moisture exudes from coins. This helps cure Tzinis.
(k) Objection: If so, any piece of silver could be used! (It need not be a coin)!
(l) Answer #3: The image jutting out of the coin helps cure it.
(m) Objection: If so, one could make an image on a piece of wood and use it!
(n) Conclusion (Abaye): We must say that all of these properties of coins are beneficial. (Maharsha - the Gemara knew that there is something else that can be made in the image of a Sela from which moisture exudes, but it is not hard. Therefore, it did not ask what is the source that perhaps we require only the latter two properties.
4) STRINGENCIES OF SHMUEL'S FATHER
(a) (Mishnah): Young girls may go out with strings...
(b) Shmuel's father forbade his daughters to go out with strings [on Shabbos], and to lie together [before they got married];
(c) He made Mikva'os for them in the days of Nisan (the beginning of spring), and in the days of Tishrei (the end of the summer) he put mats for them (Rashi -lest mud be a Chatzizah in their feet; Tosfos - the mats were for privacy).
(d) Question: Our Mishnah permits going out with strings. Why did he forbid?
(e) Answer: His daughters had colored strings. (Perhaps they will show them off.)
(f) Suggestion: He did not let them lie on each other because he holds like Rav Huna;
1. (Rav Huna): If women rub [the Ervah of] each other, they are disqualified from Kehunah (Tosfos - they are Zonos; Rashi - they are not full virgins, so they may not marry a Kohen Gadol. This shows that it is improper to do so, even when there is no Kohen Gadol.)
(g) Rejection: No. He stopped them lest this arouse their desire for men.
(h) He made Mikva'os for them in springtime, for he was concerned lest the river is mostly rainwater. (Rashi - rainwater is Metaher only if it is gathered, but not if it is flowing - only Zochlim (flowing spring water) is Metaher when flowing. Ran - perhaps rainwater widened the river. Immersion is valid only where it normally flows.)
(i) This is like Rav, who says that an increase in the water level of the Peras River shows that there was much rain in Eretz Yisrael.
1. It is unlike Shmuel, who says that most of a river's water comes from its [banks and] source.
(j) Contradiction: Shmuel also said that the only time one may immerse in a river is the Peras in the days of Nisan. (At other times, perhaps it is mostly rainwater!)
(a) (Mishnah): She may button on a stone, nut or coin, but she may not button on Shabbos.
(b) Question: The Mishnah contradicts itself! (Since it already taught that Mediyos may go out with a buttoned cloak, surely 'she may button on a stone...' comes to permit on Shabbos!
(c) Answer (Abaye): The Seifa forbids to button on a coin on Shabbos.
(d) Question (Abaye): May a woman scheme and use a nut to button on, in order to take it out to her son [to eat]?
1. He asks according to the opinion that permits scheming [to wear multiple garments at once to save them from a fire], and also according to the opinion that forbids;
2. Perhaps [R. Meir] permits only regarding a fire, for if we would be stringent, perhaps he will extinguish. If we forbid here, she will not carry the nut!
3. Perhaps [R. Yosi] forbids only there, for that is how some people (clothing salesmen) normally carry garments, but he permits here, for no one normally carries a nut by using it for a button!
(e) This question is not resolved.