POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
SHABBOS 48 (6 Kislev) - Dedicated in honor of the Yahrzeit of Eliezer ben Reb Shraga Feivel Marmorstein by his nephew, Mr. David Kornfeld, whom Mr. Marmorstein raised like his own child after the Holocaust.
1) TRANSGRESSIONS IN THE HOUSE OF THE REISH GALUSA
(a) Rabah and R. Zeira visited the Reish Galusa's house [on Shabbos]. They saw a slave put a flask of [cold] water on top of a kettle. Rabah rebuked him.
1. R. Zeira: One may put a kettle on top of a kettle!
2. Rabah: One may keep the top kettle warm in that way. Here, he heats cold water for the first time.
(b) The slave spread a turban over a flask and put a ladle on top. Rabah rebuked him.
1. R. Zeira: What is wrong with this?
2. Rabah: See what will happen!
3. The slave later squeezed out water absorbed in the turban.
(c) Question (R. Zeira): Since people may come to squeeze, why do Chachamim permit spreading a cloth over a flask?
(d) Answer (Rabah): We are not concerned lest one squeeze a cloth, for people do not care if it is wet. However, people do not want a turban to be wet.
2) MOVING MATERIALS USED FOR HATMANAH
(a) (Mishnah): [Hatmanah in the following is permitted if they are dry and forbidden if they are moist -] straw,... [tufts].
(b) Question (Rav Ada bar Masnah): If one did Hatmanah in tufts, may he move them on Shabbos?
(c) Answer (Abaye): If someone has no straw, will he squander tufts [to dedicate them for Hatmanah?! Even if he used them now for Hatmanah, surely they are still destined to be used to make felt, so they are Muktzeh.]
(d) Support (Beraisa): Hatmanah is permitted in wool shearings, or pieces of combed wool, or in strips of purple wool, and in tufts, but we may not move them.
(e) Rejection: The Beraisa means that if one was not Matmin in them, they may not be moved.
(f) Objection: This is obvious!
(g) Answer: One might have thought that they may be moved because one can lie on them. The Beraisa teaches that this is not so.
(h) Rav Chisda permitted returning tufts to a pillow [from which they fell out].
(i) Question (Rav Chanan bar Chisda - Beraisa): One may untie the neck-opening of a garment [tied by a launderer], but one may not open it for the first time;
1. One may not insert tufts in a pillows or blanket on Yom Tov, and there is no need to say that it is forbidden on Shabbos.
(j) Answer (Rav Chisda): One may not insert tufts for the first time (this is Makeh b'Patish, i.e. finishing a Kli), but one may return them if they fell out.
(k) Support (Beraisa): One may not insert tufts [for the first time] in a pillow or blanket on Yom Tov, and there is no need to say it is forbidden on Shabbos;
1. If they fell out one may return them on Shabbos, and there is no need to say it is permitted on Yom Tov.
3) UTENSILS THAT ARE CONSIDERED CONNECTED
(a) (Rav Yehudah): If one opens the neck-opening of a garment for the first time, he must bring a Chatas.
(b) Question (Rav Kahana): Why is this different than a cork of a barrel? (One may puncture it.)
(c) Answer (Rava): The garment is all connected. The cork is separate from the barrel.
(d) Question (R. Yirmeyah - Beraisa): Clothes tied together for the sake of laundering (lest small items get lost), or a chain of keys, or garments tied with Sha'atnez (e.g. wool garments connected by a thread of linen) are connected regarding Tum'ah (if Tum'as touches one, all become Tamei) until one begins to untie them;
1. Inference: It is connected even when not in use.
(e) Contradiction (Mishnah): If a stick was used for a handle for an axe, it is connected [regarding Tum'ah] while it is being used.
1. Inference: It is not connected when it is not in use!
(f) Answer: An axe handle is not connected when not in use because one normally throws it in the wood pile. Clothes tied together are connected when not in use because one leaves them connected, lest they get dirty and he will have to wash them again.
(g) Question: Which Tana says that anything connected is like what it is connected to [regarding Tum'ah]?
(h) Answer (Rav Chisda or Rav Kahana or Rava, citing Rav Yehudah): It is R. Meir:
1. (Mishnah - R. Meir): A receptacle in the wall of a Kirah for oil (to warm it), spices or a Ner is Mekabel Tum'ah through Maga [if something touches the Kirah], but not through the airspace [of the Kirah];
2. R. Shimon is Metaher.
3. Question: We understand R. Shimon. He does not consider these like [part of] the Kirah;
i. However, if R. Meir considers them like the Kirah, they should be Mekabel Tum'ah even through the airspace. If they are not like the Kirah, they should not be Mekabel Tum'ah through Maga!
4. Answer: Mid'Oraisa, they are not like the Kirah. Mid'Rabanan, they are.
5. Question: If so, they should be Mekabel Tum'ah even through the airspace!
6. Answer: Chachamim decreed that they are not, so people will know that the Tum'ah is only mid'Rabanan and therefore we do not burn Terumah or Kodshim due to it.
(i) (Beraisa): Scissors that come apart, and a [carpenter's] plane (the blade can be removed from the wood) are connected regarding [Kabalas] Tum'ah, but not regarding Haza'ah. (One must sprinkle Mei Chatas on each part by itself.)
(j) Question: If they are considered connected, they should be connected even for Haza'ah. If they are not connected, they should not be connected for Tum'ah!
(k) Answer (Rabah): Mid'Oraisa, when they are being used, they are connected. At other times they are not;
1. Chachamim decreed [to consider them connected for] Tum'ah when they are not being used, due to when they are being used. They decreed [to consider them disconnected for] Haza'ah when they are being used, due to when they are not.