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Shabbos Photograph #1
(or the foot-pedal loom)
(a) The two end rods to which the Shesi (warp thread -- white in this picture) is tied (Koved ha'Elyon and Koved ha'Tachton). When there is a large amount of thread, it is wrapped around the rods. That is, the thread that is not yet woven is wrapped the left rod in our picture, and the woven thread is wrapped around the rightermost one (Koved ha'Elyon), where the weaver usually sits (although he is not sitting there in our picutre.)
(on the horizontal loom)
Shloime Wolfson (seated), who built the loom in the photograph, and his brother Pinchos, are demonstrating how the loom is used.
(a) Using the foot-pedals, the weaver raises one heddle, lowering the other. Since every other thread of the Shesi (the white warp threads) passes through one heddle, and the rest pass through the other, this action raises every other thread of the warp and lowers the rest, creating a "tunnel" through which the shuttle (Buchiyar - Shabbos 96b) is passed. In this picture, Pinchos is passing the shuttle (a white ball of wool) through the tunnel that Shloime created in the Shesi with the foot-pedals.
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