BACKGROUND TO THE DAILY DAF
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
[82a - 45 lines; 82b - 28 lines]
1) [line 1] כינא KINA - a louse
2) [line 2] אמנייכו A'MANAICHU - upon your clothes
3) [line 2] לא שליף לכו ירקא ואכיל לכו LO SHALIF LECHU YARKA V'ACHIL LECHU - you do not remove and eat one stalk [before untying the bunch]
4) [line 2] מכישא דאסיר גינאה MI'KISHA D'ASIR GINA'A - from a bunch of vegetables that were tied by a farmer
5) [line 5] מחדדן שמעתיה MECHADEDAN SHEMA'ATEI - his teachings are very exact, sharp
6) [line 6] מותיב לי במילי דעלמא MOSIV LI B'MILEI D'ALMA - he discusses with me worldly matters
7) [line 7] א''ל A"L - Amar Li - [For example,] he (Rav Chisda) said to me (Rabah)
8) [line 8] בהדיא B'HEDYA - quickly and forcefully
9) [line 8] ולא ליטרח טפי LO LITRACH TEFEI - he should not bear down overly much (O.F. prembre)
10) [line 9] כרכשתא KARKASHTA - large intestine
11) [line 9] אתלת שיני יתיב A'TLAS SHINEI YASIV - is attached by three rectal muscles
12) [line 10] משתמטא MISHTAMTA - become detached
13) [line 11] בחיי דברייתא B'CHAYEI D'BERYESA - [with matters that pertain to] the lives of people
14) [line 16] אוגני כלים OGNEI CHELIM - with rims of pottery vessels (which are smooth)
15) [line 16] צרור ועשבים TZROR V'ASAVIM - This question applies to weekdays. However, according to the second explanation in Rashi, it applies to Shabbos.
16) [line 20] רוח רעה RU'ACH RA'AH - bad breath
17) [line 20] רוח זוהמא RU'ACH ZUHAMA - bad body odor
18) [line 26] לא מפני LO MAFNEI - he will not defecate
19) [line 27] שפך כקדרה SHAFACH KI'KEDEIRAH - he defecated as if a pot were being emptied of its liquid contents
20) [line 30] פצים PATZIM - a board
21) [line 30] לחתות LACHTOS - to stoke
22) [line 32] "ולא ימצא במכיתתו חרש לחתות אש מיקוד, [ולחשף מים מגבא]" "V'LO YIMATZEI BI'MECHITASO CHERES LACHTOS ESH MI'YAKUD, [V'LACHSOF MAYIM MI'GEVEI]" - "[And He shall break it as the breaking of the potter's vessel that is smashed in pieces; He shall not have pity;] and there will not be found in its destruction a shard sufficient for taking fire from the hearth, [or for taking water out of the cistern.]" (Yeshayah 30:14) - The prophet describes the destruction of the ten tribes of Yisrael because of their sins, which included putting their trust in mere mortals (the Egyptians) and not in HaSh-m.
23) [line 35] מקרא MI'KRA - from the verse [it is proven]
24) [line 36] לייט לה במנא זוטרא LAYIT LEI B'MANA ZUTRA - he [first] curses them that they should not have small utensils
25) [line 37] לחתות אש מיקידה גדולה LACHTOS ESH ME'YEKIDAH GEDOLAH - [it is referring to a case in which one wishes] to stoke a large fire (which requires a large potsherd to avoid getting burned)
26) [line 39] לא לישתכח ליה LO LISHTAKE'ACH LEI- it will not be found
PEREK #9 AMAR REBBI AKIVA
27) [line 42] אמר רבי עקיבא AMAR REBBI AKIVA - see Insights for an explanation of what this is doing here
28) [line 42] משא MASA
One of the actions through which Tum'ah is transferred is called Masa (carrying). A person who carries an object that is an Av ha'Tum'ah (unless it is a Sheretz) becomes a Rishon l'Tum'ah. In addition, any clothes he is wearing or objects (except for earthenware utensils) he is touching while he carries the Av ha'Tum'ah become a Rishon l'Tum'ah.
29) [line 43] "תזרם כמו דוה, צא תאמר לו" "TIZREM KEMO DAVAH, TZEI TOMAR LO" - "[You shall also defile the silver plating of your carved idols, and the golden ornaments of your molten images;] you shall cast them away as a menstrual thing, you shall say to it, 'Get out of here!'" (Yeshayah 30:22) - The prophet describes the process of repentance that will take place among the Jews. All of their idols will be defiled and cast away.
30) [line 43] נדה NIDAH
(a) By Torah Law, a woman who has her period is a Nidah for seven days. It makes no difference whether she saw blood only one time or for the entire seven days. At the end of seven days, after nightfall, she can immerse in a Mikvah to become Tehorah if she has stopped seeing blood. (If she sees blood during the following eleven days, she becomes a Zavah.)
(b) A Nidah, like a Zav or Zavah or Yoledes, can cause objects that are under her to become Avos ha'Tum'ah whether she touches them or not. The objects become Tamei Midras (lit. an object that is treaded upon), otherwise known as Mishkav or Moshav ha'Nidah (or the Tachton of a Nidah). An object under a Nidah becomes a Midras only if it was made for lying, sitting, or leaning upon. Earthenware objects (Klei Cheres) cannot become Midras.
(c) A person who touches (Maga) or carries (Masa) either a Midras or the Nidah herself, along with the clothes he is wearing and other utensils (except for earthenware utensils) that he is touching at the time, gets the status of Rishon l'Tum'ah.
(d) Utensils or clothes which lie above the Nidah also get the status of a Rishon l'Tum'ah, whether they touch her or not. These are called the Elyon of a Nidah.
31) [line 44] סמוך לעבודה זרה SAMUCH L'AVODAH ZARAH - that is, he had a wall next to a house of Avodah Zarah, where the house itself was an Avodah Zarah that was worshipped (RAMBAN, RASHI Avodah Zarah 47b)
32) [line 1] נידון מחצה על מחצה NIDON MECHETZAH AL MECHETZAH - [if the Jew had a wall in common with a house of Avodah Zarah,] he begins to measure the four Amos from the center of the fallen wall (lit. it is judged half and half, i.e. half for the Jew and half for the Avodah Zarah).
33) [line 6] נכרינהו מינך NAKRINHU MINECH - estrange and distance them from you
34) [line 9] אבן מסמא EVEN MESAMA
(a) RASHI explains that Even Mesama is a stone that is set up on poles or supports, such that the clothes or utensils underneath it do not touch it.
(b) TOSFOS, quoting RABEINU TAM, states that it is a stone that is so heavy that there is no recognizable pressure from the Nidah who is on it to the clothing or utensils under it.
(c) RASHI (to Nidah 55a) explains that it is a stone that is too heavy to move. The Nidah is on the stone and the stone is resting on clothing or utensils that become Teme'im. Although the Nidah is on top of the clothing or utensils that are under the stone, since the stone is too heavy to carry the normal Tum'as Masa does not apply to them.
35) [line 14] משמשיה MESHAMSHEHA (MESHAMSHEI AVODAH ZARAH)
(a) It is prohibited to derive any benefit from objects used in the service of Avodah Zarah, as is learned from Devarim 7:26. Anyone who benefits from them receives Malkus two times: once for the prohibition in the above verse and once for the prohibition in Devarim 13:18.
(b) Objects of Avodah Zarah themselves and the utensils that are used in their service must be destroyed, as it states in Devarim 12:2, 7:5.
(c) The utensils that are used in the service of Avodah Zarah have a lesser degree of Tum'ah (mid'Rabanan) than Avodah Zarah itself. They can make a person Tamei through touching (Maga) but they do not transfer Tum'ah through Masa (carrying) or Even Mesama (see above, #34).
36) [line 16] אינה לאברין EINAH L'EVARIN - the Tum'ah of Nidah does not apply to the detached limbs of a Nidah