REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 28
SANHEDRIN 28 (3 Cheshvan) - dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas Malka bas Menashe (and
Chana) Krause, in honor of her second Yahrzeit, by her daughter Gitle
(Bekelnitzky). Under both material and spiritual duress, she and her husband
raised their children in the spirit of our fathers, imbuing them with a love
for Torah and Yiddishkeit. Her home was always open to the needy, even when
her family did not have enough to feed themselves.
(a) What relations does "Avos u'Vanim" automatically disqualify?
(b) How do we know that brothers are disqualified too?
(c) What do we learn from the fact that the Torah writes "Banim" in the
(d) Rami bar Chama initially learns from a Beraisa that two relatives cannot
testify for a stranger.
What does the Tana there say about witnesses
becoming Eidim Zomemin? How does Rami bar then extrapolate his ruling from
(a) What does the Mishnah in Bava Basra 'Sheloshah Achin ve'Echad Mitztaref
Imahen ... ' conclude?
(b) How does Rava refute Rami bar Chama's source from that Mishnah?
(c) What makes them Zomemin, according to Rava, if not their co-witnesses'
(d) So from where does Rava learn Rami bar Chama's Din?
(a) What do we learn from the second ...
(b) And what do we learn from the Pasuk in Emor "Mishpat Echad Yih'yeh
- ... "Banim" ("u'Vanim Lo Yumsu al Avosam") via 'Im Eino Inyan'?
- ... "Yumsu" (when it could have written "u'Vanim al Avosam")?
(a) To what are we referring when we say that our Mishnah ...
(b) What does Rav say about 'Achi Aba, Hu u'Beno ve'Chasno ... Ani u'Beni
ve'Chasni ... '?
- ... disqualifies 'Sheini be'Rishon and Sheini be'Sheini'?
- ... does not disqualify 'Shelishi be'Rishon'?
(c) How do we reinterpret 'Achi Aviv Hu u'Beno ve'Chasno' to reconcile Rav
with our Mishnah?
(d) In that case, why did the Tana not simply present the case of 'Ben
(a) What does Rebbi Chiya mean when he says that our Mishnah lists eight
Avos which are twenty-four?
(b) How does this disprove Rav's earlier statement?
(c) If 'Chasno' does not mean Chasan B'no, then why does Rav refer to him as
(d) What might we then have asked on the Mishnah's ruling that forbids one's
son-in-law to testify for his own father's brother?
(a) How do we disprove Rav completely from the Mishnah's ruling forbidding
one's father's brother's son-in-law from testifying on his behalf?
(b) So we finally establish Rav like Rebbi Elazar.
What does Rebbi Elazar
say in a Beraisa about a Shelishi be'Sheini ('ben Achi Aba Li')?
(c) What does Rav extrapolate from there?
(d) How does Rav derive this from the Pasuk "Lo Yumsu Avos al Banim
(a) How does Rebbi Elazar extend the D'rashah of Rav?
Answers to questions
(b) Like whom is the Halachah?
(c) What does Rav Nachman say about the brother of a person's mother-in-law,
the latter's son and his sister's son? What do all three have in common?
(d) How do we prove it from our Mishnah?
(e) What does 've'Tana Tuna' mean?
(a) What had Rav come to sell when they asked him whether a person may
testify on behalf of his stepson's wife, if her Nechsei Milug were being
(b) Why did they not ask him the same She'eilah about the wives of other
(c) In Sura they replied 'Ba'al ke'Ishto'.
What did they say in
Pumbedisa'? What is the difference between the two answers?
(d) What does Rav Huna Amar Rav learn from the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "Ervas
Achi Avicha Lo Segaleh, el Ishto Lo Sikrav, Dodascha Hi"?
(a) We learned in our Mishnah 'u'Ba'al Imo Hu u'Beno ... '. How does Rebbi
Yirmiyah explain the latter so as not to be synonymous with 'Achiv'?
(b) Rav Chisda disagreed with this ruling. According to him, the Kashya
that we just asked remains.
How does he answer it?
(c) What does Rav Chisda say about the father of a Chasan and the father of
the Kalah testifying on each other's behalf? Why does he compare them to a
barrel and its lid (see Mesores ha'Shas)?
(a) Rabah bar bar Chanah permits a man to testify in a case involving his
How does Ravina qualify this ruling?
(b) Ravina probably proves this from a statement of Rav Chiya bar Ami in the
name of Ula.
What does Ula say about the Din of Onan, burial, and
inheritance with regard to an Arusah? What does 'Onan' mean?
(c) Under which circumstances does he allow her to claim her Kesuvah in the
event that her husband dies?
(d) How do we reject the proof from there? Why would the Din of testifying
not be connected with the above issues?
(a) One Beraisa states 'Chorgo Levado. Rebbi Yossi Omer Giyso'.
mind that it is Rebbi Yehudah who argues with Rebbi Yossi, what does another
(b) Why can Rebbi Yossi not possibly permit the son of Giyso to testify?
(c) Then why does he say 'Giyso Levado'?
(d) How do we know that Rebbi Yossi is not referring to the son of Giyso but
from a different wife (to solve the above problem)?
(a) Why can both Tana'im not be saying that neither the son nor the
son-in-law may testify on behalf of either Chorgo or Giyso (in which case,
each one will be making a different statement, even though they both agree
['Mar Amar Chada, u'Mar Amar Chada, e'Lo Peligi'])?
(b) And why can the Tana Kama of the first Beraisa not hold 'Chorgo Levado,
Aval Giyso, Hu u'Veno ve'Chasno', and Rebbi Yossi, the reverse? What will
then be the problem with Rebbi Chiya's Beraisa (that we quoted earlier)
'Shemoneh Avos she'Hein Esrim ve'Arba'ah'?
(a) How will both the Mishnah and the Beraisa be served if we explain the
Beraisa 'Chorgo Levado, Aval Giyso, Hu, u'Veno ve'Chasno. Rebbi Yossi Omer
Giyso Levado, ve'Kol she'Kein Chorgo' (and that is how we will the second
(b) Like whom does Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel rule?
(c) Rav Yosef wanted to validate a Sh'tar Matanah on which two
brothers-in-law had signed.
How did he interpret Rav Yehudah Amar Rav's
previous ruling? Which Rebbi Yossi did he think Rav Yehudah was referring
(d) On what grounds did Abaye therefore query Rav Yosef's ruling?
(a) We repudiate Abaye's Kashya however, on the basis of Shmuel, who with
regard to Rebbi Yossi's ruling in the Beraisa declared 'K'gon Ana
What was special about Shmuel and Pinchas? What does this
(b) How do we reject this proof? Why might Shmuel concede that all
brothers-in-law being disqualified?
(c) What did Abaye counter when Rav Yosef advised the recipient of the
Sh'tar Matanah to claim with the Sh'tar by means of Eidei Mesirah (like
Rebbi Elazar, who holds 'Eidei Mesirah Karsi', even when there are no Eidei
(d) What did Rav Yosef reluctantly instruct the recipient of the Matanah to
(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah, even if a man's daughter
dies, and she leaves over children, his son-in-law is still considered a
relation with regard to testifying on his behalf. Rebbi Tanchum ... Amar Rav
rules like Rebbi Yehudah. What does Rava Amar Rav Nachman (as well as
Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan) say?
Answers to questions
(b) Others quote the latter's ruling in connection with Rebbi Yossi
How does Rebbi Yossi Hagelili in a Beraisa explain the Pasuk in
Shoftim "u'Vasa el ha'Kohanim Asher Yih'yeh ba'Yamim ha'Heim" (which
otherwise appears meaningless)?
(c) How did Mar Ukva's brothers-in-law react when he refused to accept their
(d) What did he answer them?