7) click for question
(a) Rebbi Avahu undertook to cease Darshening the Sugya of the three kings who receive no portion in Olam ha'Ba - when after doing so, he fell ill.
(b) He explained the fact that he resumed his D'rashos after he recovered - by taking his cue from the kings themselves, who did not retract (so why should he?).
(c) King Menasheh appeared to Rav Ashi in a dream. He was cross with him - because he referred to the kings as 'our colleagues'.
(d) To prove his superiority in learning, he asked him - which part of the bread one cuts after reciting 'ha'Motzi', a She'eilah which Rav Ashi was unable to answer.
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(a) Rav Ashi promised that, if he would teach him the Halachah - he would Darshen it the following day in his name.
(b) Menasheh taught him - that one cuts the part of the bread that has a crust (and not from the middle [though some commentaries explain from the place which is baked the best]).
(c) When Rav Ashi asked Menasheh how, if he was so advanced in learning, he could possibly have worshipped Avodah-Zarah, he replied - that so powerful was the Yetzer-ha'Ra to serve idols that, had he (Rav Ashi) been there, he would have lifted the hem of his cloak, in order to run faster to get to them.
(d) On the following day, Rav Ashi referred to the three kings as - 'our Rebbes'.
9) click for question
(a) We Darshen the name 'Achav' as - 'Ach (Rasha) la'Shamayim, ve'Av la'Avodah-Zarah'.
(b) The significance of 'Av la'Avodah-Zarah' is - that it describes the depth of Achav's love for Avodah-Zarah. We learn the depth of a father's love for his son from the Pasuk in Melachim - "ke'Rachem Av al Banim".
(c) Achav was a far bigger Rasha than Yeravam (whose biggest sins were Achav's smallest).
(d) Nevertheless. the Pasuk constantly refers to Yeravam as the epitome of evil ("like the sins of Yeravam who sinned and who made Yisrael sin") - because he was the one to set the ball rolling (by introducing idolatry into K'lal Yisrael).
10) click for question
(a) Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk in Hoshe'a "Gam Mizbechosam ke'Galim al Talmei Sadai" - that there wasn't a heap in Eretz Yisrael on which Achav did not set up an image.
(b) And we learn from "ve'Atzur ve'Azuv" (in the Pasuk in Melachim "ve'Hichrati le'Achav Mashtin ba'Kir ve'Atzur ve'Azuv be'Yisrael") - that he lost both his portion in this world ("ve'Atzur"), and in World to Come ("ve'Azuv").
(c) Omri and Achav merited sitting on the throne of Yisrael (the latter for twenty-two years) - because the former built a city in Yisrael, whilst the latter honored the Torah (as we shall see shortly).
(d) The name of the city that Omri purchased from Shemer for two Kikar of silver was - Shomron (which soon became the capitol of Yisrael).
11) click for question
(a) ben Hadad, King of Syria, demanded of Achav- that, besides his silver and gold, his wives and his most able sons, he must surrender "Kol Machmad Einecha", by which he meant all his Sifrei-Torah.
(b) Achav replied - that he was ready to concede everything that ben Hadad had asked of him, with the sole exception of the Sifrei-Torah.
(c) "Kol Machmad Einecha" cannot have referred to Achav's idols, we explain, because the Pasuk describes how all the elders and all the people encouraged him to refuse. And we ask that perhaps ''the elders" referred to here, were Resha'im, like we find - in Shmuel, in connection with Avshalom, where the Pasuk writes "va'Yishar ha'Davar be'Einei Avshalom u've'Einei Kol Ziknei Yisrael (all of whom, Rav Yosef explains, were Resha'im).
(d) We answer - by referring to the words "ve'Chol Yisrael", mentioned here, among whom there must have been some Tzadikim, who would have been only too pleased to let ben Hadad take the idols away.
(e) We know that in Yisrael at that time - there were at least seven thousand Tzadikim, who did not kneel to Ba'al
12) click for question
(a) Rav Nachman learns from the Pasuk (in connection with finding a spirit to entice Achav to go to war in Ramos Gilad, where he would be killed) "Vayomer Zeh be'Choh, ve'Zeh Omer be'Choh" - that Achav's deeds were equally balanced (i.e. he was a Beinoni).
(b) Rav Yosef queries Rav Nachman however - from the Pasuk which describes Achav as the worst of all the kings, so how could he be a Beinoni.
(c) Achav's wife was largely responsible for Achav's Rish'us in that she enticed him to follow her evil ways. Every day - she would weigh golden Shekalim to Avodah-Zarah.
13) click for question
(a) We answer - that Achav balanced this out with his generous nature, which included benefiting Talmidei-Chachamim with his property, which in turn, caused him to be labeled a Beinoni.
(b) We already discussed the spirit of Navos ha'Yizre'eli in the previous Perek. He succeeded in luring Achav to the battlefield - by entering the mouths of the false prophets and prophesying that he would emerge victorious. Specifically the spirit of Navos volunteered to do that - because Achav had had had him sentenced to death via false testimony.
(c) Rav Papa cites the adage based on Navos' act and punishment (that he was ordered to leave Hashem's presence for lying) 'de'Para Kineih Machriv Beiseih' - meaning that 'vengeance is self-destructive'.
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(a) The Pasuk in Melachim records that Achav sinned more than all the previous kings. According to Rebbi Yochanan, he even wrote on the gates of Shomron - 'Achav denied the G-d of Yisrael. Therefore he has no portion in the G-d of Yisrael', a proof that he sinned (not out of pleasure, but) purely to anger Hash-m ('Le'hachis').
(b) King Achazyahu too, ranks among the worst kings. He would - cut out the Names of Hash-m from the Sifrei-Torah and replace them with names of other gods.
(c) 'Menasheh' is the acronym of 'she'Nashah Kah', which means - 'who forgot Hashem'.
(d) The Tana Kama of our Mishnah learns from the Pasuk (in connection with Menasheh) "Va'ya'as Asheirah Ka'asher Asah Achav" - that just as Achav lost his portion in Olam ha'Ba, so too, did Menasheh.
15) click for question
(a) According to Rebbi Yochanan, the Tana Kama and Rebbi Yehudah (who holds that Menasheh has a portion in Olam ha'Ba) learn their respective opinions from the same Pasuk "u'Nesatim le'Za'avah le'Chol Maml'chos ha'Aretz bi'Gelal Menasheh ben Chizkiyahu", which is coming to connect the terrible punishments that await the kings at the time of the Churban with Menasheh.
(b) According to ...
1. ... Rebbi Yehudah, "Hash-m will severely punish the kings who followed Menasheh - "because of Menasheh", who did Teshuvah and they did not learn from him.
2. ... the Tana Kama, He will punish them - "because of Menasheh", who did not do Teshuvah, and whose example they emulated.
Index to Review Questions and Answers for Maseches Sanhedrin