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(a) Rav Ashi permits a Nasi to forego his Kavod, but not a king.
(b) Rebbi Yehudah nevertheless permits a king to perform Yibum or Chalitzah (as we learned in our Mishnah) - because the prohibition does not apply to a Mitzvah.
(c) The Rabbanan interpret the Pasuk "ve'es Neshei Adonecha be'Cheikecha" (from which Rebbi Yehudah proves that a king may marry the Almanah of a king, as we learned in our Mishnah) to mean (not, 'the wives of your master', but) - 'the women ... ', with specific reference to Shaul's two daughters Meirav and Michal.
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(a) When Rebbi Yossi's Talmidim asked him how David could possibley have married two sisters, he replied that David must have married Michal only after Meirav's death. According to Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah, David's betrothal to Meirav was void ...
(b) ... because it was based on a loan (the wealth Shaul had promised David, and which David had agreed to forego in return for Meirav) - and the Halachah is that 'ha'Mekadesh be'Milveh Einah Mekudeshes'.
(c) After that, Shaul took Meirav - and gave her to Adriel ha'Mecholasi.
(d) Rav explains Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah's proof for this from the Pasuk "T'nah es Ishti es Michal Asher Erasti Li be'Me'ah Orlos P'lishtim" as - the inference from "es Ishti Michal", 've'Lo Meirav Ishti'.
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(a) After having betrothed her to David , Shaul gave Michal to -Palti ben Layish ...
(b) ... because, even though he had added a hundred Orlos of P'lishtim to the loan which he asked as Kidushin money - he maintained that 'ha'Mekadesh be'Milveh u'Perutah, Da'atah a'Milveh' (the woman's mind is on the [more valuable] loan).
(c) David believed his betrothal to be valid - because he held that in such a case, Da'atah a'Perutah' (because a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush').
(d) Assuming that they both held 'ha'Mekadesh be'Milveh u'Perutah, Da'atah a'Perutah', the basis of their Machlokes is - whether a hundred Orlos is worth anything (David), because they can be fed to cats and dogs, or not (Shaul).
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(a) The problem we now have with Rebbi Yossi (who holds that David married Michal after the death of Meirav her sister) is - how Rebbi Yossi explains the inference from "T'nah es Ishti es Michal".
(b) We answer this by first presenting another problem, based on the Pasuk which speaks about the two sons of Ritzpah bas Ayah (one of Shaul's wives) plus the five sons of Michal, whom Shaul had given to Adrichal ha'Mecholasi, which is not correct, seeing as he had given her to Palti ben Layish!
(c) Rebbi Yossi explains - that the Pasuk comes to compare the Kidushin of Meirav to that of Michal, inasmuch as just as the Kidushin of the latter was invalid, so too, was the Kidushin of the former (seeing as she was already betrothed to David).
(d) Consequently, he Darshens from the Pasuk "T'nah es Ishti es Michal" that - just as Michal was his wife, so too, was Meirav (before she died).
(e) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah declines to learn the Kidushin of Meirav from a Pasuk that talks about Michal. In his opinion therefore, the Pasuk mentions Michal when it is really speaking about the sons of Meirav - to teach us the principle that someone who brings up somebody else's children is considered as if they were his/her children.
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(a) Rebbi Chanina learns from the Pasuk in Rus (in connection with the birth of Rus' son Oved) "va'Tikrenah Lo ha'Shechenos Shem Leimor Yulad ben le'Naomi" - the same principle that Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah just learned from Michal.
(b) Rebbi Yochanan learns it from the Pasuk "ve'Ishto ha'Yehudiyah Yaldah es Yered, Avigdor ... Eileh B'nei Bisya bas Paroh, Asher Lakach Mered". "Yered, Avigdor ... " - were two of the names of Moshe.
(c) The reason that ...
1. ... Kalev (Bisya's husband) was called "Mered" was - because he rebelled against the spies.
2. ... Bisyah is referred to as "Yehudiyah - because she denounced idolatry and converted, and anyone who denounces idolatry adopts the title of 'Yehudi'.
(d) Rebbi Yochanan learns Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah's principle from this Pasuk - from the fact that it refers to Moshe as Bisya's son (because she brought him up).
(e) And Rebbi Elazar learns it from the Pasuk "Ga'alta bi'Zero'a Amecha, B'nei Ya'akov ve'Yosef Selah" - where it refers to Yisrael as Yosef's children, because he sustained them.
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(a) The problem with the Pasuk "ve'Eileh Toldos Aharon u'Mosheh" - is that it goes on to list the sons of Aharon, but not those of Moshe.
(b) Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan learns from there - that someone who teaches his friend's son Torah is considered as if he had conceived him.
(c) As we do not find anywhere that Ya'akov redeemed Avraham, when the Pasuk in Yeshayah writes that he did - it means that he relieved him from the onus of rearing twelve children, which he was originally meant to shoulder (see also Tosfos).
(d) When the Pasuk there writes ...
1. ... "Lo Atah Yevosh Ya'akov", it means - that Ya'akov need not be embarrassed before Yitzchak his father, and ...
2. ... "ve'Lo Atah Panav Yechvaru", it means - that he does not need to be embarrassed before Avraham (see Agados Maharsha).
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(a) Rebbi Yochanan explains that the Pasuk sometimes refers to Palti ben Layish as 'Paltiel' - because 'Hashem (perhaps based on Chazal 'If not for Divine assistance, it would be impossible to resist the Yeitzer-Hara') saved him from sinning.
(b) Knowing that Michal was betrothed to David, to avoid sinning - he placed a sword between himself and Michal each night, and declared that whichever of them would succumb to the evil inclination, would be pierced by it.
(c) When the Pasuk describes how, when she was taken back to David, he followed her in tears - those were not tears of sorrow at losing a wife, but of losing the trial of temptation.
(d) The significance of the place-name 'Bachurim' where he turned back is - that they both remained bachelor and virgin (respectfully) after their parting.
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(a) When Rebbi Yochanan says ...
1. ... 'Tokfo shel Yosef Inv'sanuso shel Bo'az', he means to say that Bo'az was that much greater than Yosef - inasmuch as whereas Yosef was dealing with a married woman, Boaz was dealing with a Penuyah, and what's more, she was lying on the same bed as him.
2. ... 'Tokfo shel Bo'az Invesanuso shel Palti ben Layish - he means that Palti was that much greater than Boaz, inasmuch as the latter only went through the Nisayon once, whereas he had to live with it for a number of years.
(b) When the Pasuk writes "Vayehi ba'Chatzi ha'Laylah, Vayecherad ha'Ish Vayilafes" - it means that his Eiver Tashmish became hard like the tip of a turnip ('Lefes' is a turnip).
(c) Rebbi Yochanan explains the Pasuk in "Eishes Chayil". When Shlomoh wrote ...
1. ... "Rabos Banos Asu Chayil", he had in mind - Yosef and Boaz.
2. ... "ve'At Alis al Kulanah", he had in mind - Palti ben Layish.
(d) And according to Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan, when Shlomoh wrote ...
1. ... "Sheker ha'Chein", he had in mind - Yosef.
2. ... "ve'Hevel ha'Yofi" , he had in mind Boaz.
3. ... "Ishah Yir'as Hash-m hi Sis'halal" - he had in mind Palti ben Layish.
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(a) According to others, "Sheker ha'Chein" refers to the generation of Moshe, "ve'Hevel ha'Yofi", to that of Yeshua, and "Ishah Yir'as Hash-m hi Sis'halal" - to the generation of Chizkiyahu Hamelech, whose generation learned Torah even more intensely than the previous two (as we will learn in Cheilek, where Chazal describe how they searched from Dan to Be'er-Sheva, but were unable to find an Am ha'Aretz).
(b) According to yet others, "Sheker ha'Chein" refers to the generation of Moshe and Aharon, and "ve'Hevel ha'Yofi", to that of Chizkiyah, whereas "Ishah Yir'as Hash-m hi Sis'halal" refers to the generation of Rebbi Yehudah b'Rebbi Ila'i - who studied Torah with immense self-sacrifice, and out of extreme poverty (as was said about the Talmidim in his generation, that six of them would share one cloak as they studied Torah).
Index to Review Questions and Answers for Maseches Sanhedrin