OUTLINES OF HALACHOS FROM THE DAF
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
1) ONE MUST MENTION PESACH, MATZAH AND MAROR [Hagadah:Pesach,Matzah and Maror]
2) THE CHIYUV TO EAT MATZAH NOWADAYS - see Daf 120
1. Mishnah - R. Gamliel: Anyone who did not say (why we
eat) the following three things was not (properly)
Yotzei - Pesach, Matzah and Maror.
2. We eat Pesach because Hash-m skipped over (or had
mercy) on the houses of our ancestors in Mitzrayim
(when He killed their firstborn) - "Va'Amartem
Zevach Pesach Hu la'Shem Asher Posach..."
("Va'Amartem" commands to tell about Pesach; Matzah
and Maror are equated to Pesach.)
3. We eat Matzah to commemorate the redemption of our
ancestors from Mitzrayim - "Va'Yofu Es ha'Batzek
Asher Hotzi'u mi'Mitzrayim (Ugos Matzos)".
i. Abarvenel (Pirush ha'Hagadah): Matzah shows the
speed of the redemption. Normally, the journey
to Sukos should take a day (Rashi Shemos 12:37
- it is 120 Mil, a three days journey), and
Yisrael arrived before the dough fermented,
i.e. within the time to walk one Mil!
4. We eat Maror to commemorate how the Mitzriyim
embittered the lives of our ancestors in Mitzrayim -
"Va'YMaRaRu Es Chayeihem".
5. (Rava): One must lift the Matzah and Maror for
everyone to see (when he says 'this Matzah that we
eat' and 'this Maror...' Nowadays, if one or both of
the cooked foods are meat,) one need not lift the
i. Moreover, one should not do so, for it looks
like he eats Kodshim outside the Mikdash
(Rashbam - it looks like he makes the meat the
1. Rif and Rosh cite the Mishnah and Rava verbatim.
2. Rambam (Hilchos Chametz u'Matzah 7:5): Anyone who
did not say Pesach, Matzah and Maror was not Yotzei.
All of these are called Hagadah.
3. Rambam (ibid. 8:4): He says 'this Pesach that we eat
is because Hash-m Posach on the houses of our
ancestors in Mitzrayim - "Va'Amartem Zevach
Pesach..." He lifts the Maror in his hand and says
'this Maror that we eat is because the Mitzriyim
embittered..."Va'YmaRaRu...' He lifts the Matzah in
his hand and says 'this Matzah that we eat is
because the dough of our ancestors did not rise
before Hash-m appeared to them and redeemed them -
i. R. Mano'ach: The Rambam agrees that we explain
Matzah before Maror. He merely copies his text
of the Mishnah, which put Maror first, because
the embittering preceded the redemption.
1. Shulchan Aruch (OC 473:7): One reads the Hagadah.
When he reaches 'this Matzah', he must lift the
Matzah to show it to everyone seated to endear the
Mitzvah to them. One should lift the broken Matzah,
which is like Lechem Oni. He does similarly when he
reaches 'this Maror'.
(a) Maharsha (DH Kol): One must say them to be Yotzei
i. Darchei Moshe: If one did not mention Pesach,
Matzah and Maror, b'Di'eved he was Yotzei
ii. Mishnah Berurah (64): Hagadah is obligatory
also for women. A servant should be at the
table to hear the entire Hagadah. If she must
cook, at least she must hear the explanations
of Pesach, Matzah and Maror, for otherwise she
is not Yotzei.
Index to Halachah Outlines for Maseches Pesachim