1) [line 1] KELAYOS - roasted kernels of grain (from wheat that is not Chadash; see Background to Pesachim 55:35)
2) [line 3] B'EREV HA'PESACH - see below, entry #4
3a) [line 5] CHOTFIN MATZAH B'LEILEI PESACHIM BISHVIL TINOKOS KEDEI SHE'YISH'ALU - we should raise the [Seder plate which contains the] Matzah on Seder night so that [those] children [present] will [take note and] ask [about it] (first Girsa in RASHI)
b) CHOTFIN MITZVOS ... - we should raise the [Seder plate which contains the] Mitzvos [of Matzah, Maror, the shank bone, and the boiled egg] on Seder night so that [those] children [present] will [take note and] ask [about them] (Girsa according to the third explanation in RASHBAM)
c) CHOTFIN MATZAH B'LEILEI PESACHIM BISHVIL TINOKOS SHE'LO YISHNU - we should eat the Matzah quickly on Seder night so that those children present do not fall asleep [during the recitation of the Hagadah] (second GIRSA in Rashi, which he says is the proper one)
d) CHOTFIN MATZAH B'LEILEI PESACHIM BISHVIL TINOKOS SHE'LO YISHNU - we should steal the Matzah away from those children present on Seder night [before they have a chance to eat it and] become drowsy
*4*) [line 8] B'ARVEI PESACHIM BISHVIL TINOKOS KEDEI SHE'LO YISHNU - a) on [the day of] Erev Pesach so that the children would [take naps and therefore] be awake for the Seder (RASHI, RASHBAM first explanation); b) [when the learning of] Erev Pesach [stretched into the night] so that the children would not fall asleep at the Seder (Rashbam second explanation); c) TOSFOS DH Chutz agrees with second explanation of the Rashbam, but changes the Girsa to LEILEI PESACHIM ...
5) [line 15] BIGDEI TZIV'ONIN - colorful garments
6) [line 16] BIGDEI PISHTAN MEGUHATZIN - pressed linen garments
7) [line 21] KISTA D'MORISA - the vessel used when selling Muryis (a brine containing fish-hash and sometimes wine). The capacity of this measure was the Greek sextarius or xestes, a unit nearly equal to a pint.
8) [line 22] HI HAVAS K'MIN LOGA D'MAKDESHA - was equal to the Log measurement used [for Korbanos] in the Beis ha'Mikdash
9) [line 23] U'VAH M'SHA'ARIN REVI'IS SHEL PESACH - and they used it to determine the Revi'is [necessary for the four cups drank over the course] of [the] Pesach [Seder by splitting its contents into four equal parts]
10) [line 24] TAMNAISA KADMAISA - the old Tamnaisa (a measure which was 1/8 of a Kav)
11) [line 25] HAVAS YESEIRAH AL DA RIV'A - exceeded the present-day Tamnaisa by one Revi'is (a quarter of a Log)
12) [line 25] U'VAH M'SHA'ARIN REVI'IS SHEL PESACH - and they used it to determine the Revi'is [necessary for the four cups drank over the course] of [the] Pesach [Seder by filling the new Tamnaisa from the old one and measuring what remained]
13) [line 27] ETZBA'AYIM (MEASUREMENTS OF LENGTH)
1 Amah = 2 Zeres
Etzba'ayim means the width of two fingers.
*16*) [line 1] ... V'SHI'ARU CHACHAMIM SHI'UR MEI MIKVAH ARBA'IM SE'AH - This Beraisa establishes the relationship between volume and linear measurements. Using this ratio, a box measuring two fingers wide by two fingers wide which is two and 7/10 fingers high contains one Revi'is (see RASHI DH Amah or RASHBAM DH d'Hainu for a detailed calculation).
17) [line 2] ARBA'IM SE'AH (MEASUREMENTS OF VOLUME)
1 Eifah = 3 Se'ah
40 Se'ah = approximately 331.7 liters or 576 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions
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