prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) Rava maintains that Gilgul Hekdesh is Patur. What does he mean? What is 'Gilgul Hekdesh'?
(b) And he bases his statement on a Mishnah in Chalah. What does the Mishnah in Chalah rule in a case where someone declares his dough Hekdesh and redeems it ...
1. ... before having kneaded it?
2. ... after having kneaded it?
(c) In which case then, does the Tana exempt the dough from Chalah?2)
(a) Rava asks whether the kneading of a Nochri will also exempt a dough from Chalah. We try to resolve the She'eilah with a Mishnah in Chalah. What distinction does the Mishnah in Chalah draw between a Ger who has a dough that he kneaded before he converted and one that he kneaded after he converted?
(b) What does the Tana say about a case where the Ger is unsure as to when he kneaded it?
(c) We now query who is the author of this Mishnah. Given that Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Yehudah in the Mishnah (in D'mai) that we discussed earlier, learn from "Degancha" (in Re'ei) 've'Lo Digun (Miru'ach) Hekdesh', what do they learn from the second "Degancha" (in Shoftim).3)
(a) On what grounds do Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Yehudah include the Digun of a Nochri and exclude that of Hekdesh (and not vice-versa)?
(b) What do we learn from the two times that the Torah writes "Arisoseichem" in Parshas Sh'lach-Lecha?
(c) Alternatively, the author might be Rebbi Yossi and Rebbi Shimon, who exempt Digun Nochri from Ma'asros. On what grounds would Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Yehudah dispute this? What might they learn from "Reishis" "Reishis"?
(d) After requesting a reply through She'eilas Chalom, Rava came to his own conclusion. What was it?4)
(a) Rav Papa queries Rava from another Beraisa. What does the Tana say there about a Nochri who designated a Petter Chamor, or Chalah from his dough?
(b) What do we extrapolate from there regarding the Terumah that he separates?
(c) What does Rav Papa try to prove from this?5)
(a) And Ravina queries Rava from yet another Beraisa. What does the Tana say about Chalas Eretz Yisrael and Terumas Chutz la'Aretz of a Nochri?
(b) What do we extrapolate from there?
(c) What does Ravina ask from there on Rava?
(d) How do we answer these Kashyos on Rava? How might the author of these Beraisos nevertheless be Rebbi Yossi and Rebbi Shimon, who exempt Digun Nochri from Terumah?6)
(a) The Tana's reason for the decree is because of 'Ba'alei Kisin', which might refer to wealthy men, who purchase produce from Jewish merchants. What is he now afraid of?
(b) It might also refer to wealthy land-owners. What is he then afraid of?
(c) In that case, why does the Tana permit the Nochri's Chalah (even mi'de'Rabbanan)? Why is he not afraid of Ba'alei Kisin there, too?
(a) Rebbi Oshaya permits bringing the crops into the house together with the chaff (without having performed Miru'ach). What will one gain by doing that?
(b) What is the reason for this leniency?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei (in connection with Ma'aser) "Ve'achlu bi'She'arecha Vesave'u"?
(d) Then why are we afraid of the Ba'alei Kisin by Ma'asros, like we are by Chalah, seeing as there too, the owner has these two options of avoiding having to give them?8)
(a) Our Mishnah describes the way the Omer is prepared in a K'li Shareis. What does the Kohen place inside the K'li first (see Tif'eres Yisrael)?
(b) What does he do next after adding the flour?
(c) Finally, which two Avodos follow the Tenufah and Hagashah?
(d) What happens to the Shirayim of the Omer?9)
(a) What did they find in the markets of Yerushalayim, immediately after the Omer had been brought?
(b) According to Rebbi Meir, this was not done with the consent of the Chachamim. Why was that?
(c) What does Rebbi Yehudah then hold?10)
(a) In the Mishnah in Pesachim, what does Rebbi Yehudah hold in the case of someone who failed to search for Chametz ...
1. ... either on the eve or on the morning of the fourteenth of Nisan?
2. ... even during the sixth hour of the day? Why is that?
(b) What do the Chachamim say?
(c) What problem do we now have with Rebbi Yehudah?
(d) How does Rabah try to answer the Kashya? What good reason might there be to permit cutting the crops before the Omer?11)
(a) Abaye objects to Rabah's answer, on the basis of the fact that the Chachamim also permitted the crops to be ground and sifted. What is the problem with that?
(b) How do we answer it?
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