22) [line 5] MINCHAS KOHANIM
A voluntary Korban Minchah (see Background to Menachos 72:25-26) that is brought by a Kohen does not need Kemitzah. Similarly, a Korban Minchas Chotei (see Background to Menachos 72:30) that is brought by a Kohen does not need Kemitzah (but Rebbi Shimon argues -- Daf 72b). The entire Minchah is burned on the Mizbe'ach. This is learned from the verse, "v'Chol Minchas Kohen, Kalil Tiheyeh, Lo Se'achel." - "And every meal-offering of a Kohen shall be entirely offered; it shall not be eaten" (Vayikra 6:16).
23) [line 5] MINCHAS KOHEN MASHI'ACH
(a) The Minchas Chavitin is brought by the Kohen Gadol every day. It consists of 1/10 of an Eifah (approximately 2.16, 2.49 or 4.32 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions) of wheat flour made into twelve wafers or rolls. They were fried in olive oil in a flat pan after being boiled and baked. Next, the rolls are folded without breaking them (Pesisah). Levonah is added, and Hagashah and Haktarah are performed (see Background to Menachos 72:25a:c).
(b) Half of the rolls were offered in the morning and half towards evening (Vayikra 6:13). The Chavitin had to be brought from the money of the Kohen Gadol, but he did not personally have to offer them on the Mizbe'ach. The amount of oil that was used for each of the Chavitin rolls was one Revi'is (approximately 75, 86.4 or 150 cc, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions).
24) [line 6] MINCHAS NESACHIM
(a) The Minchas Nesachim is a Korban Minchah that is brought together with a Korban Shelamim or Olah, whether the Korban is offered by the Tzibur (Bamidbar 28:11-15, 20-21) or by an individual (Bamidbar 15:3-16). It is called Minchas "Nesachim" because it is normally brought along with the Nesachim (wine libations) that are offered with these Korbanos.
(b) The mixture of flour and olive oil is salted and completely burned on the Mizbe'ach and the wine is poured into one of the Sefalim (the silver libation pipes located at the top of the southwestern corner of the Mizbe'ach) (RAMBAM and RA'AVAD Hilchos Ma'aseh ha'Korbanos 2:1). The amount of flour, oil and wine needed depends upon the animal offered, as specified in Bamidbar (ibid.).
25) [line 7] SHTEI HA'LECHEM
(a) The Shtei ha'Lechem Minchah brought on Shavu'os (Vayikra 23:16-17) consists of two loaves of bread made from two Esronim of fine wheat flour (approximately 4.32, 4.98 or 8.64 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions) mixed with Se'or (sourdough), which causes them to rise and become Chametz. Each loaf is seven Tefachim long (approximately 53.2, 56 or 67.2 cm) and four Tefachim wide (30.4, 32 or 38.4 cm); the corners of the loaves project upward to a height of four Etzba'os (Menachos 96a, RAMBAM Hilchos Temidin u'Musafin 8:10).
(b) In conjunction with the Shtei ha'Lechem, the Kohanim offer in the name of the Tzibur various Korbenos Olah, a goat as a Korban Chatas and two sheep (the Kivsei Atzeres) that are Zivchei Shelamim (Vayikra 23:18-19). Tenufah (waving portions of Korbanos, see Background to Menachos 60:3) of the Shtei ha'Lechem is performed twice; once along with the live sheep and once with the Chaza'os and Shokim (chests and right hind legs) of the sheep.
26) [line 8] LECHEM HA'PANIM
The Lechem ha'Panim (showbread) is an offering of 12 loaves (that are Matzah), which are arranged in two Sedarim (stacks), six loaves to each Seder, on the Golden Table of the Mishkan or Beis ha'Mikdash. Fresh loaves were arranged on the Table every Shabbos and are left there until the following Shabbos. The Kohanim eat the loaves that are removed (Vayikra 24:5-9), half being given to the Kohen Gadol (learned from the word "l'Aharon") and half to the other Kohanim (from "l'Vanav"). A Kometz of Levonah is placed alongside each stack in a Bazach (bowl). After the loaves are removed, the Levonah is salted and burned on the Mizbe'ach. The offering of the Levonah permits the loaves to be eaten.
27) [line 10] OLAH
(a) A person may offer a Korban Olah, which is burned entirely on the Mizbe'ach, as a voluntary sacrifice (Olas Nedavah, see Vayikra 1:2-17, 6:1-6), as it states in Vayikra 1:2. Many other Korbenos Olah are Korbenos Tzibur (communal sacrifices) and are obligatory, such as the Temidim (Bamidbar 28:1-8) and Musafim (Bamidbar 28:9-29:39).
(b) Korbenos Olah are Kodshei Kodashim and therefore they may only be slaughtered in the northern part of the Azarah. Before its slaughter, the owner (of the Olas Nedavah) presses his hands on the head of the animal (Semichah). Korbenos Tzibur do not require Semichah (Daf 92a). The blood of the Olah is cast on the northeastern and southwestern corners of the Mizbe'ach (Shenayim she'Hen Arba). Nesachim (a flour offering consisting of flour and oil and a wine libation) are brought as part of the Korban (Bamidbar 15:3-12). The flour offering is completely burned on the Mizbe'ach and the wine is poured into one of the Sefalim (the silver libation pipes located at the top of the southwest corner of the Mizbe'ach) (RAMBAM and RA'AVAD Hilchos Ma'aseh ha'Korbanos 2:1). The amount of flour, oil and wine needed depends upon the animal offered, as specified in Bamidbar (ibid., see Background to Sotah 15:9).
(c) The hide of the Olah is given to the Kohanim and the rest of the animal is dismembered and entirely burned on the Mizbe'ach.
28) [line 10] ORAH LA'KOHANIM - the hide of the Olah is given to the Kohanim
29) [line 11] OLAS HA'OF
The offering of the Olas ha'Of (e.g. in Vayikra 1:14-17) consists of four procedures:
1. MELIKAH - On the Sovev (see Background to Menachos 61:17:c) of the Mizbe'ach, on the southeastern corner, the Kohen cuts the back of the neck of the bird with his right thumbnail, making sure to cut both Simanim (the trachea and the esophagus). (If the southeastern corner of the Sovev is crowded with Kohanim offering the Olas ha'Of, then the additional Olas ha'Of Korbanos are offered on the southwestern corner of the Mizbe'ach.)
2. MITZUY - The Kohen presses the cut part of the head and body of the bird onto the wall of the Mizbe'ach, above the Chut ha'Sikra (red line) that is located halfway up the Mizbe'ach.
3. HAKTARAS HA'ROSH - The Kohen salts the head and throws it into the fire on the Mizbe'ach.
4. HAKTARAS HA'GUF - The Kohen cuts out the crop and surrounding feathers of the bird (or, according to some Tana'im, the crop and the intestines -- Zevachim 65a) and throws them to the ash-pile at the side of the ramp of the Mizbe'ach. He then tears the bird apart (Shesiya), salts it, and throws it into the fire.
30a) [line 11] IKA MUR'AH V'NOTZAH - there are the crop and surrounding feathers of the bird (or, according to some Tana'im, the crop and the intestines -- Zevachim 65a) [that are not placed upon the Mizbe'ach]
31) [line 12] NESACHIM - the wine libations that are part of the Minchas Nesachim (see above, entry #24)
32) [line 12] LA'SHITIN AZLEI - they do not remain on the Mizbe'ach, but rather flow down to the Shitin, a hollow dug under the auspices of David ha'Melech, located under the Mizbe'ach of the Beis ha'Mikdash, into which the water and wine libations flowed
33) [line 14] MEZALFO AL GABEI ISHIM - he sprinkles it on the fire of the Mizbe'ach
34) [line 18] CHATAS HA'OF
(a) The offering of the Chatas ha'Of (which is brought by a Zav, Zavah, Yoledes and Nazir Tamei, and by a Metzora who is poor, and by a poor person who was Nishba l'Sheker, or who transgressed Shevu'as ha'Edus, or was Metamei Mikdash v'Kodashav; see Background to Kinim 22:9:b for references) consists of three procedures (see, for example, Vayikra 5:8-9): Melikah, Hazayah, and Mitzuy.
1. MELIKAH - Standing on the floor of the Azarah near the southwestern corner of the Mizbe'ach, the Kohen cuts the back of the neck (Orpo - similar to the word Arifah) of the bird with his right thumbnail. He makes sure to cut one Siman (either the trachea or the esophagus), but not to sever the entire neck of the bird.
2. HAZAYAH - The Kohen sprinkles its blood on the Mizbe'ach (directly from the neck of the bird), below the Chut ha'Sikra (red line) that is located halfway up the Mizbe'ach.
3. MITZUY - The Kohen presses the cut neck of the bird to the Mizbe'ach and squeezes its remaining blood onto the Mizbe'ach.
(b) The Chatas ha'Of is eaten by the Kohanim, in the Azarah, on the day that it is offered and the following night. No part of it was burned on the Mizbe'ach ("Ein Mimenu la'Ishim").
35) [line 18] LOG SHEMEN SHEL METZORA - the Log of olive oil of the Metzora (for a discussion of the laws of a Metzora, see Background to Menachos 48:26)
36) [line 19] IKA MATNOSAV - (a) there are the applications of oil onto the right ear, thumb and big toe (Vayikra 14:14) [that do not go to the Kohanim] (RASHI); (b) there are the seven sprinklings towards the Kodshei ha'Kodashim (Vayikra 14:16) [that do not go to the Kohanim] (SHITAH MEKUBETZES #2)
37) [line 20] SHTEI HA'LECHEM HA'BA'OS BIFNEI ATZMAN LI'SEREIFAH ASYAN - the Shtei ha'Lechem that are brought without Kivsei Atzeres must be burned
38) [line 22] HA'MENACHOS HA'NA'ASOS BI'CHELI - the Menachos that must be prepared in a Keli Shares, e.g. Minchas Marcheshes
39a) [line 23] YETZIKAH - pouring in the remainder of the oil onto the dough of the Minchah (the third time that the Kohen pours oil in the preparation of the Menachos)
b) [line 24] BELILAH - pouring in more oil and mixing the flour and oil (and water) (the second time that the Kohen pours oil in the preparation of the Menachos)
c) [line 24] MATAN SHEMEN BI'CHELI KODEM LA'ASIYASAN - placing a small amount of oil in the utensil before the flour is added (the first time that the Kohen pours oil in the preparation of the Menachos)
40a) [line 25] CHALOS BOLELAN DIVREI REBBI - Rebbi rules that the Chalos of the Minchas Ma'afeh Sanur (RABEINU GERSHOM) are broken into pieces after they are baked and mixed with oil before the Kemitzah (i.e. the Belilah is not performed before the baking but rather afterwards; Rebbi later retracts his opinion -- TOSFOS to Daf 75a DH Shapir)
b) [line 25] VA'CHACHAMIM OMRIM SOLES - and the Chachamim rule that the Belilah is performed before the baking, when the flour is added, as is the case with the Menachos that require oil
41a) [line 26] HA'CHALOS - the Chalos of the Minchas Ma'afeh Sanur (RASHI)
b) [line 26] REKIKIN MESHICHAH - the Rekikin of the Minchas Ma'afeh Sanur
42) [line 27] K'MIN KI - like the Greek letter "chi," which is shaped like an "x" (RASHI to Kerisus 5b, RAMBAM Hilchos Kelei ha'Mikdash 1:9)
43) [line 29] "[V'IM MINCHAS MARCHESHES KORBANECHA] SOLES BA'SHEMEN TE'ASEH" - "(And if your offering is a Minchas Marcheshes) it shall be prepared with fine flour in oil" (Vayikra 2:7) - Since the verse mentions that the flour is placed into the oil, we learn that oil must be poured into the utensil at the onset of the preparation of the Minchah.
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