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|CHULIN 88 (23 Elul) - Dedicated by Dr. Alain Bitton of Geneva, Switzerland, in honor of the first Yahrzeit of his aunt, Messodi bat Frecha.|
1. Fluid that is emitted from the Tamei body of a Sheretz or a Zav has the same status as liquid that came into contact with the source of Tum'ah, and it is regarded as a Rishon l'Tum'ah.
2. There are three fluids emitted from a Zav which are an exception to the rule. They have the status of an Av ha'Tum'ah which is Metamei people and utensils.
3. The liquid emitted from a Mes is Tahor, with the exception of blood.
4. The blood which spurts far away at the time of the Shechitah of a Chayah or a bird and the blood that is on the knife of the Shechitah must be covered.
5. Rebbi Yehudah maintains that the blood which spurts far away and the blood on the knife must be covered only if there is no other blood besides it. Raban Shimon ben Gamliel maintains that only the Dam ha'Nefesh must be covered.
6. The blood of the Shechitah of a Chayah or bird may be covered with fine fertilizer, fine sand, lime, ground stones, clay, a thin strip of flax, or with sawdust.
7. The blood of a Chayah or bird may not be covered with coarse fertilizer, coarse sand, chopped metal utensils, or with flour or bran.
8. If a person is walking in the desert or traveling on a boat and has no dirt, he should grind a Dinar of gold or burn his Talis and use the gold dust or ashes to cover the blood of a Chayah or bird that he slaughters.
9. Beis Shamai maintains that the blood of a Chayah and bird may not be covered with ashes. Beis Hillel disagrees.
10. Avraham Avinu was rewarded for his statement, "I am dirt and ashes," with the Mitzvos of the ashes of the Parah Adumah and the dirt of the Mei Sotah.
A BIT MORE
1. The Rabanan decreed that any Tum'ah which causes Terumah to become Pasul causes liquid which comes into contact with it to be a Rishon l'Tum'ah. The Rabanan also decreed that any liquid which is emitted from the Tum'ah is also a Rishon l'Tum'ah.
2. The Zivah, saliva, and urine of a Zav are an Av ha'Tum'ah Min ha'Torah and are Metamei people and utensils.
3. The Rabanan found no need to decree that fluid emitted from a Mes is Tamei, because people generally stay away from a Mes.
4. According to the Rabanan, all of the blood of the Chayah or bird must be covered, and therefore the blood must be scraped off the knife and covered.
5. According to Rebbi Yehudah, there is no obligation to cover all of the blood, and it is not even necessary to cover all of the Dam ha'Nefesh. According to Raban Shimon ben Gamliel, although it is not necessary to cover all of the blood, it is necessary to cover all of the Dam ha'Nefesh.
6. Fine sand which does not need to be ground up by a potter may be used to cover the blood. If the sand is coarse but it breaks apart by itself, there is a dispute between two versions of the Gemara whether it may be used.
7. These things are not similar to earth, and therefore they may not be used for covering the blood.
8. The earth of the desert may not be used, because if something is planted in that earth it will not grow.
9. Beis Hillel maintains that ashes are also called "Afar" and may be used for the Mitzvah of Kisuy ha'Dam.
10. The Mitzvah of covering the blood of a Chayah and bird with earth is not considered a reward, because no benefit is accrued from that Mitzvah.
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