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|AVODAH ZARAH 60 (5 Cheshvan) - Dedicated in honor of the sixth Yahrzeit of Reb Naftali ben Reb Menachem Mendel (Tuli Bodner) Z"L, an Ish Chesed and Ish Ma'aseh radiating joy whose Ahavas Yisrael knew no bounds. Dedicated by his son, Mordechai Bodner of Givat Mordechai, Yerushalayim.|
1. If the spigot was removed from a barrel of wine and a Nochri then put his hand on the opening, according to one version of Rav Papa, one is prohibited only from drinking the wine that is near the opening.
2. According to the second version of Rav Papa, one is prohibited from drinking the wine from the top of the barrel until the opening.
3. If a barrel of wine was punctured and a Tevul Yom touched the wine at the opening, all of the wine is Tamei. Rebbi Yehudah maintains that if the barrel was punctured on the side, the wine above and the wine below the puncture is permitted.
4. If a Nochri pours wine from a barrel into a jug being held by a Yisrael, one may not derive benefit from the wine.
5. If a Yisrael is walking behind a Nochri who is carrying a closed flask of wine, if the flask is full it is permitted. If it is not full, it is forbidden, according to Rav Papa. Rav Ashi disagrees.
6. If a Yisrael is walking behind a Nochri who is carrying an open jug of wine, if the flask is full it is forbidden because the Nochri may have come into contact with the wine. If it is not full, it is permitted.
7. If a Nochri crushed grapes with a beam, there is a disagreement about whether the wine is prohibited.
8. If a barrel of wine split from top to bottom and a Nochri held the two pieces together to prevent the wine from spilling out, one is prohibited from drinking the wine, but he may sell it to a Nochri.
9. If a barrel of wine split around the middle and a Nochri held the two pieces together, one is permitted to drink the wine.
10. If a Nochri was found next to a storage pit of wine which was designated as payment for a loan owed to the Nochri, the wine is prohibited.
11. If a Yisrael presses the grapes of a Nochri on the property of the Nochri in order to sell it to a Yisrael, if the Nochri wrote, "I regard it as though I received the money from you," the wine is permitted.
12. If a Nochri fell into a storage pit of wine and drowned, according to the Tana Kama one is permitted to derive benefit from the wine, since the contact with the wine was unintentional. Rebbi Shimon maintains that one is even permitted to drink the wine.
13. If, in a fit of anger, a Nochri throws a barrel of wine into a storage pit, one is permitted to drink the wine.
A BIT MORE
1. One is permitted to derive benefit from the wine. Since the opening is very small, the Nochri could not have shaken the wine.
2. Since the wine on the top will flow down to the opening, the wine on top is regarded as attached to the wine next to the opening and is prohibited.
3. Rebbi Yehudah agrees with the Rabanan that if the barrel was punctured at the top, all of the wine is Tamei, because the wine of the bottom supports the wine on the top. If it was punctured on the bottom, all of the wine is Tamei, because the wine on the top will flow toward the opening on the bottom. They disagree when the opening is on the side. The Rabanan say that all of the wine is Tamei. Rebbi Yehudah says that only the wine opposite the opening is Tamei.
4. The wine is forbidden mid'Rabanan. Even though the Nochri did not touch the wine, it was poured with the Ko'ach of a Nochri.
5. According to Rav Papa, the wine is prohibited if the flask is not full, even though the Yisrael could see that the Nochri did not touch the wine, since the wine was shaken around in the flask. According to Rav Ashi, even if the Nochri shook the wine it is permitted, because it is not the usual manner for a Nochri to shake wine to an Avodah Zarah.
6. Even though the Yisrael was walking behind the Nochri and he could see that he did not place his hand inside the container, nevertheless since the container is full, he may have touched the wine while he was holding the edge of the jug. However, if the jug is not full, the wine is permitted, even though it is impossible that it was not shaken a little bit. The Nochri did not shake it intentionally, because he does not want it to spill.
7. According to the first version, if the grapes were crushed because the Nochri placed his weight directly on the beam, everyone agrees that it is forbidden. However, if the grapes were crushed indirectly, such as with a pulley, according to Rav Papa it is permitted. According to Rav Ashi (or Rav Simi bar Ashi), it is forbidden. According to the second version, if the grapes were crushed indirectly, everyone agrees that it is permitted. They disagree in a case in which the grapes were crushed by the Nochri directly.
8. One is permitted to derive benefit from the wine, since the Nochri merely held the pieces together and did not shake the wine.
9. The two pieces are not imminently going to fall apart, since the bottom piece supports the top piece. The Nochri is holding it only so that it will not move sideways, and thus one is permitted even to drink the wine.
10. Since the wine was designated as payment for a loan, the Nochri is not afraid to touch the wine even though the wine was not yet given as payment.
11. Even though the Yisrael did not yet give money for the wine, since the Nochri will not stop the Yisrael from taking the wine out of his property any time that he wants, the wine is permitted.
12. However, if the Nochri emerged from the pit alive, the wine is forbidden. It is likely that on his way out he was Menasech the wine to his Avodah Zarah in gratitude for saving him.
13. However, if he threw the barrel not out of anger, or if he rolled it all the way into the storage pit, the wine is forbidden. We are concerned that he touched the wine.
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