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|BAVA BASRA 9 (10 Elul) - This Daf has been dedicated in memory of Sheina Basha (daughter of Yakov and Dora) Zuckerman, who passed away on 10 Elul, by her children and sons in law.|
The townspeople have the right to make a condition that anyone who transgresses their decrees will be penalized.
However if a prominent person resides in the city the townspeople may not make any conditions
A Gabai Tzedakah and the Gizbar of Hekdesh are not asked to give an accounting for their transactions.
Even if a person trusts the person who is managing his money he should wrap and count his money before giving it to him.
R. Huna says if someone requests food we investigate if he is in need, but if he requests clothing we do not investigate. (1)
R. Yehudah says if someone requests Mezonos we investigate if he is in need but if he requests food we do not investigate. (2)
A poor person who is traveling from place to place should not be given less than a loaf of bread worth a Pundiyon when four Se'ah of wheat cost a Sela. (3)
If the poor person is sleeping in a town overnight he should be given a bed with bedding and if he stays for Shabbos he must be given three Se'udos.
If a poor person collects money from door to door he is only given a small sum of money from the Kupah of Tzedakah.
A person should not give less than a third of Shekel to Tzedakah every year.
R. Asi says the Mitzvah of Tzedakah is equal to all of the Mitzvos.
R. Elazar says a person who influences others to give Tzedakah is greater than the one who gives the Tzedakah.
R. Elazar says at the time of the Beis ha'Mikdash a person gives a [Chatzi] Shekel for the Beis ha'Mikdash and he is granted atonement, nowadays a person is granted atonement by giving Tzedakah.
If a person doesn't give Tzedakah the non-Jews will take his money by force and even so it is still regarded as Tzedakah.
Each Perutah that is donated to Tzedakah adds up to a large sum.
If someone moves a Neveilah the clothing that he is wearing becomes Tamei but he is not Mitamei a person or other clothing.
A Sheretz and Shichvas Zera is Mitamei clothing and people.
A Metzora is Mitamei clothing and people during the days that he is locked and also during his seven days of counting between the time of the Taharas Tziporim and the bringing of his Korbanos.
R. Elazar says that a person who gives Tzedakah in secret is greater than Moshe Rabeinu.
R. Yitzchak says a judge who takes bribery brings fierce anger onto the world.
R. Yitzchak says a person who gives Tzedakah to a poor person is blessed with six blessings and a person who appeases a poor person with words is blesses with eleven blessings.
R. Yitzchak says a person who chases after the Mitzvah of Tzedakah Hashem grants him money so that he can continue to give Tzedakah, R. Nachman Bar Yitzchak says Hashem ensures that the Tzedakah he gives will be receive by deserving people.
R. Yehoshua Ben Levi says anyone who is in the habit of giving Tzedakah will merit sons who are wise, rich and well versed in Agadah.
A BIT MORE
1. R. Huna holds that we do not investigate someone who requests clothing because it is a disgrace for a person not to have adequate clothing and therefore we do not delay giving him clothing.
2. R. Yehudah holds that we do not investigate for Mezonos because a person who lacks food is in physical pain.
3. A loaf of brad that cost a Pundiyon consists of a quarter of a Kav because a Sela is forty eight Pundeyonim and there are 24 Kavim of wheat in four Se'ah and the baker profits one hundred percent of the price of wheat and therefore a loaf of bread of a quarter Kav costs a Pundiyon.
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