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1. The Gemara discusses the situations in which a lender may or may not collect from property that the borrower sold after he took the loan.
2. If a person sees a lender strangling a borrower and says, "Set him free and I will pay you," he is not obligated to pay.
3. If someone wants to become wise, he should study the laws of monetary transactions.
4. If a person dug a pit in the public domain and a bull fell on top of him in the pit (and killed him), the bull's owner owe nothing to the deceased man's family.
5. Moreover, if the bull dies from the fall, the heirs of the deceased must compensate the owner of the bull for the death of the bull.
A BIT MORE
1. If a lender has a loan document (which usually contains a lien), he may collect from any property that the borrower sold after he took the loan. However, if he does not have a loan document, but has only witnesses to the loan, he may not collect from this type of property.
2. The general rule is that any ordinary guarantor who becomes a guarantor only after the loan has taken place is not considered a valid guarantor.
3. Rebbi Yishmael held that there is no greater subject in Torah than monetary law. He added that Shimon ben Nanas was the greatest person to learn monetary law in his generation.
4. His death was his fault, as he quite literally dug his own grave.
5. The Gemara concludes that this applies only when the pit-digger remained alive long enough for Beis Din to rule that he is liable to pay the owner of the bull.
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