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|KESUVOS 57 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to him -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.|
Rebbi Meir: If the wife loses her Kesuvah, the husband and wife are forbidden to live together. Chachamim: They may continue living together.
The Halachah follows Rebbi Meir with respect to his decrees.
Rav Dimi in the name of Bar Kapra: According to Rebbi Yosi, a Tenai to reduce the Kesuvah is valid only if it was made before they have relations. (1)
Ravin in the name of Bar Kapra: According to Rebbi Yehudah, a Tenai to reduce the Kesuvah is void only if it was made after the Chupah. (2)
A Kalah is given 12 months to prepare herself for the Chupah.
A widow is given 30 days to prepare herself for the Chupah. (3)
If the Chasan delays the marriage for more than 12 months, he must provide food for his Kalah.
According to the Mishnah Rishonah, a Kalah may eat Terumah after the 12 months have passed if her Chasan is a Kohen. (4)
Rebbi Akiva: The Chasan is permitted to give his wife only Terumah. Rebbi Tarfon: At least half of what he gives her must be Chulin. (5)
A Shomeres Yavam may not eat Terumah.
If a Ketanah is a Kalah, both she and her father may delay the marriage until she becomes a Gedolah. (6)
It is forbidden to make an arrangement to marry off a Ketanah, unless the marriage will take place only once she is a Gedolah. (7)
If the marriage is delayed for more than 12 months, the Chasan may annul the vows of his Kalah even without the father.
A Kalah whose Kidushin took place after she was a Bogeres for 12 months is given only 30 days to prepare herself for the Chupah.
Ula: Min ha'Torah, a Kalah may eat Terumah, but it is forbidden mid'Rabanan because of the concern that she will feed it to members of her family.
Rebbi Shmuel bar Yehudah: A Kalah may not eat Terumah mid'Rabanan because of the concern that she has a blemish that will invalidate the Kidushin.
A BIT MORE
1. Once they have had relations, she may not agree to a Tenai that reduces the Kesuvah because she already was Zocheh in the Kesuvah. Any Tenai that is made after she is Zocheh is meaningless.
2. However, Rebbi Yehudah agrees that if the Tenai was made prior to the Chupah, it is valid.
3. A widow does not need a lot of time to prepare herself, because she already has cosmetics.
4. The Mishnah Acharonah says that a Kalah may not eat Terumah prior to the Chupah.
5. According to Rebbi Tarfon, he must give her at least half Chulin because she may not eat Terumah while she is Tamei. Rebbi Akiva maintains that while she is Tamei she may sell the Terumah and buy Chulin with the proceeds.
6. The father may delay the wedding out of concern that she is too young to handle marriage, and she might return to her parents until she is a Gedolah and her parents will be forced to buy more cosmetics for her.
7. It is forbidden to even be Mekadesh a Ketanah. One must wait until she is a Gedolah and she gives her consent for the marriage.
THE TWELVE MONTHS OF A KALAH
The Mishnah says that a Kalah is given 12 months in order to prepare herself for the Chupah. The Rashash says that if it is a leap year, the Kalah is given an extra month, and she has 13 months altogether. Since the Gemara derives through a Gezeirah Shavah from the law of Batei Arei Chomah that a Besulah is given 12 months, we derive the law of a leap year from there as well. Just as the law of Batei Arei Chomah gives the seller an extra month to redeem the house in a leap year, a Besulah is given an extra month to prepare herself for her wedding in a leap year.
A LOST KESUVAH
If a woman lost her Kesuvah or was Mochel her Kesuvah by writing a receipt to her husband (stating that she already received part of her Kesuvah), the husband must write her a new principal Kesuvah because it is forbidden to live with a wife who does not have a Kesuvah. (Shulchan Aruch EH 63:3)
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