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Rebbi Shimon: A person prefers to make a claim on a fixed debt even though it is a Knas. Chachamim: A person does not prefer to make such a claim. (1)
The handiwork of a daughter belongs to her father.
A widow is supported by the sons of her deceased husband, and her handiwork belongs to the sons.
If an inheritance is insufficient to support both the sons and the daughter, the daughter takes precedence. (2)
If an inheritance is insufficient to support both the daughters and the widow, the widow takes precedence.
According to some opinions, a master does not have to provide support for his Nochri servant. (3)
A daughter who is supported by her brothers may keep her own handiwork.
The Kesuvah of a Na'arah or Ketanah who was divorced from Eirusin is given to the father.
The Kesuvah of a Na'arah or Ketanah who was divorced from Nisu'in is given to the daughter. (4)
Rebbi: When a woman has been widowed twice, she may no longer remarry. (5)
If a daughter becomes a Bogeres prior to the Nisu'in, even Rebbi Yehudah agrees that the father does not receive the Kesuvah.
Rav Huna says that the wife may collect the principal Kesuvah from the buyers of the husband's property from the time of Eirusin. (6)
Rav Asi: The wife may collect the Kesuvah from the buyers only from the time of Nisu'in.
A woman has two Kesuvos, one for 200 and one for 300. She may collect 200 from the earlier date or 300 from the later date.
A BIT MORE
1. Rebbi Shimon: If a person is owed both a fixed and a non-fixed amount, his claim will be for the fixed amount and not for the non-fixed amount. Chachamim: A person prefers to make a claim on Mamon, which the debtor cannot get out of paying, and not on Knas, from which the debtor can exempt himself by admitting to it.
2. If the inheritance is insufficient to provide support for both the sons and the daughters for a period of twelve months, the sons forfeit their inheritance and the daughters are supported by the estate.
3. However, a master must support a Jewish servant and treat him like a member of his family.
4. Once a daughter has done Nisu'in, she is no longer in the domain of her father. Rebbi Yehudah, however, maintains that the Kesuvah from the first marriage is given to the father.
5. Rebbi: Two times creates a Chazakah. When two husbands have died, she has a Chazakah that she causes her husbands to die. Raban Shimon ben Gamliel: Three times is a Chazakah, and she may remarry if her husband dies twice.
6. However, the Tosefes Kesuvah (the additional amount that the Chasan voluntary wrote in the Kesuvah) may be collected only from property sold from the time of the Nisu'in.
According to Rebbi, once a woman is widowed twice she no longer may remarry, because she has a Chazakah that she causes her husbands to die. The Ran says that it is not definite that it is because of her that they died, and it is possible that it was simply their destined time to die. Therefore, the heirs of the second husband cannot say that the marriage was a Mekach Ta'us, and she receives a Kesuvah from the inheritance of the second husband. However, if she marries a third husband without notifying him that her first two husbands died, she does not receive a Kesuvah from him, since it is a Mekach Ta'us as he did not know that she was forbidden to remarry.
A woman who was married twice and both of her husbands died may not get remarried, because she has a Chazakah that she causes her husbands to die. If she does get remarried, she may stay with her husband, and even if she did only Eirusin with him, she may get married and do Nisu'in. (Shulchan Aruch EH 7:1)
It does not matter how her husband died. Even if he did not die from a sickness, she is regarded as a Katlanis and may not get remarried. (Beis Shmuel)
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