REVACH L'DAF

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BERACHOS 9
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SUMMARY

1. There is a dispute about whether the Korban Pesach must be eaten before Chatzos.
 
2. The Gemara explains why Hashem asked Moshe to "please" speak to the people to take items from the Egyptians.
 
3. The Gemara explains why Eliyahu prayed, "Answer me, answer me," instead of saying it once.
 
4. The Mishnah discusses the time at which one may recite Keri'as Shema in the morning.
 
5. Rebbi Yochanan says that a person should run to see not only a Jewish king, but also a non-Jewish king.

A BIT MORE

1. Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah: The Korban Pesach must be eaten before Chatzos, as derived through a Gezeirah Shavah of "Lailah, Lailah" from Makos Bechoros which occurred at Chatzos. Rebbi Akiva: The Korban Pesach may be eaten until Alos ha'Shachar, as the verse implies that it was eaten in Egypt until they left their homes, which was in the morning.
 
2. This was because Hashem had promised Avraham Avinu that his descendants would leave Egypt with a tremendous amount of possessions. If they would not have taken the property because they just wanted to leave as quickly as possible, Avraham would have asked Hashem how He could fulfill the decree that they be slaves but not the decree that they leave wealthy.
 
3. His first prayer, "Answer me," referred to his request that fire should come down from the heavens and consume what was on his altar. His second prayer, "Answer me," was that Hashem ensure that people not claim that he used witchcraft.
 
4. The latest time one may recite Keri'as Shema is three hours into the day (i.e. until one quarter of the day has passed). This is because it is the latest time at which certain people, namely the sons of kings, normally rise (and the verse states that one recites Shema, "?when you rise").
 
5. One should run to see a non-Jewish king so that, if he merits a share in the World to Come (Rashi), he will be able to see the contrast between the greatness of the honor of Yisrael in the next world and the greatness of a non-Jewish king in this world.

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