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BERACHOS 42
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BERACHOS 42 (25 Elul) ? Dedicated in memory of Yechiel Avraham Avigdor ben Eliyahu Glaser z'l, by his brother Yisrael and family. May Avigdor's young children merit to grow in Torah and Yiras Shamayim, and become sources of pride and Nachas to their father in Gan Eden.

SUMMARY

1. The blessing on certain foods may be either "Borei Minei Mezonos" or "ha'Motzi," depending on how they are eaten.
 
2. One ate a meal and decided that he has finished. He then changes his mind. He must recite a blessing on the food he now wants to eat.
 
3. There are three things that should be done immediately after something else is done.
 
4. If one recites a blessing on something before he starts his meal, he does not need to make a blessing on it during the meal.
 
5. A group of people is considered a Zimun only when they sat down to eat together (specifically with each other).

A BIT MORE

1. Although the blessing on these foods (such as the "Lachmaniyos" mentioned in the Gemara) is "Borei Minei Mezonos" and their Berachah Achronah is "Al ha'Michyah," if one intends to make a meal out of them he should recite "ha'Motzi" and Birkas ha'Mazon.
 
2. However, when a person is a guest at someone else's home, even if he decided that he has finished his meal his decision is inconsequential. This is because he does not know whether his host is going to continue to serve more food and will want him to eat more.
 
3. They are: A Korban must be slaughtered immediately after Semichah is done, Shemoneh Esreh muse be recited immediately after words of Ge'ulah (redemption) are said, and a blessing must be recited immediately after one washes his hands. (According to Rashi, this refers to the blessing of Birkas ha'Mazon immediately after Mayim Acharonim.)
 
4. For example, if one drinks some wine before starting his bread meal, and after he starts his meal he wants to drink more wine, he does not recite a new "Borei Pri ha'Gefen" (as long as he did not say "Al ha'Gefen" before he started the meal).
 
5. In contrast, people who are traveling together and happen to eat together do not join to make a Zimun. Even if they eat from the same loaf of bread, they are not considered to have sat down to eat together, and therefore they do not form a group for Zimun. (This is also the case with people eating at a restaurant; they do not join to make a Zimun even though they are sitting within a short distance of each other.)

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