REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Introduction to Meilah Meilah 2
ME'ILAH 2 - Sponsored by Mr. and Mrs. Charles Merrill of Jamaica Estates,
Please note that unless otherwise indicated, we follow the explanation of
Rashi. Consequently, our notes and comments do not necessarily have any
bearing on the practical Halachah.
(a) What does our Mishnah say about Me'ilah, in a case of Kodshei Kodshim
that were Shechted on the south side of the Azarah (instead of on the
north), and whose blood was then received on the north?
(b) Having taught us that the above case is subject to Me'ilah, why does the
Tana find it necessary to add the reverse case, where one performed the
Shechitah on the north, and the Kabalas ha'Dam on the south?
(c) And what does the Tana say in a case where one Shechted Kodshim by day
and performed Zerikas ha'Dam by night or vice-versa, or if one Shechted them
with the intention of eating them in the wrong time or in the wrong
(d) Having taught us the first ruling (Kodshim by day and Zerikas ha'Dam by
night) what is the significance of the second one ('vice-versa')?
(a) What do all the above cases have in common? How does Rebbi Yehoshua
categorize Kodshim that are not subject to Me'ilah?
(b) What three examples of 'Hayah Lah Heter le'Kohanim' does Rebbi Yehoshua
(c) How does Rebbi Yehoshua derive this distinction from the Pasuk in
Vayikra (in connection with the Din of Me'ilah) "mi'Kodshei Hashem"?
(d) Which P'sul does the Tana add to those mentioned in the Reisha (that did
not yet have a Sha'as ha'Kosher)?
(a) What problem do we have with the opening ruling ('Kodshei Kodshim
she'Shachtan ba'Tzafon ... ') in the Mishnah?
(b) We answer with a statement of Ula Amar Rebbi Yochanan.
What did he say
about Kodshim that died?
(c) Why then, are Kodshim that are Shechted in the south subject to Me'ilah?
What advantage do Kodshei Kodshim that have been Shechted in the south have
over Kodshim that died?
(a) We already explained in our Mishnah why the Tana sees fit to add the
second case of 'Shachtan ba'Tzafon ve'Kibel Daman ba'Darom'.
Answers to questions
Why does he
then need to add 'Shachat ba'Yom ve'Zarak ba'Laylah'?
(b) And why does he omit the case of 'Shachat ba'Laylah ve'Zarak ba'Yom'?
(c) Bearing in mind Ula's earlier ruling 'Kodshim she'Meisu, Yatz'u mi'Yedei
Me'ilah', on what grounds is one Mo'el in the case of ...
- ... Shachtan ba'Yom ve'Zarak Daman ba'Laylah'?
- ... Shachtan Chutz li'Zemano ve'Chutz li'Mekomo'?
(a) We ask whether the Pesulim in our Mishnah may remain on the Mizbe'ach,
if they were inadvertently placed there. Rabah says 'Im Alu, Yerdu'.
does Rav Yosef say?
(b) Their Machlokes does not go according to Rebbi Yehudah.
Based on the
Pasuk in Vayikra "Zos ... Hi ha'Olah"(incorporating three Mi'utin), what
does Rebbi Yehudah say about Nishpach Damah, Lanah and Yatz'ah?
(c) So they argue according to Rebbi Shimon. What does Rebbi Shimon Darshen
from "Zos Toras ha'Olah" regarding 'Nitnin le'Matah she'Nasnan Lema'alah',
or vice-versa, and similar Pesulin?
(d) Rav Yosef holds like Rebbi Shimon. What does Rabah say? Why would even
Rebbi Shimon agree in the cases under discussion that 'Im Alu, Yerdu'?
(a) What problem do we have with Rabah from our Mishnah 'Kodshei Kodshim
she'Shachtan be'Darom, Mo'alin Bahen'?
(b) What do we answer? How will Rabah interpret 'Mo'alin Bahen'?
(c) What is the difference between Me'ilah d'Oraysa and Me'ilah de'Rabbanan?
(d) What do we prove from the statement of Ula Amar Rebbi Yochanan 'Kodshim
she'Meisu, Yatz'u mi'Yedei Me'ilah D'var Torah'?
(a) Why does Ula Amar Rebbi Yochanan then need to issue his ruling by
Kodshim she'Meisu? Why is not obvious from our Mishnah according to Rabah,
as we just explained?
Answers to questions
(b) We query Rebbi Yochanan however, from a Mishnah in the fourth Perek,
which discusses someone who derives benefit from a Chatas.
What does the
Tana say there about someone who benefits from a Chatas with a Mum ...
(c) What is the difference between a Chatas Ba'al-Mum and a K'li belonging
to Hekdesh, which is subject to Me'ilah even if it does not depreciate?
- ... whilst it is still alive?
- ... after it is dead?
(d) And we explain that even though the Mishnah already teaches us that
Me'ilah mi'de'Rabbanan applies to a dead Chatas, we nevertheless need Rebbi
Yochanan's ruling with regard to other Korbanos.
Why might we have thought
that Chatas is different in this regard, and that by other Kodshim the
Chachamim did not decree Me'ilah (see Rabeinu Gershom)?