1) [line 16] B'MURAM MIN HA'KODASHIM (CHAZEH V'SHOK)
The chest and the hind leg of the Korban Shelamim (peace offering) were waved in a prescribed manner and were then given as a gift to the Kohanim, as described in Vayikra 7:28-36
2) [line 17] CHALAH
Whenever a person kneads a dough made from one of the five species of grain (wheat, barley, oats, rye or spelt), he must separate a small portion to be given to the Kohen, as specified in Bamidbar 15:17-21. This portion is called Chalah. The requirement to separate Chalah with a Berachah only applies to a dough made from the volume of 43.2 Beitzim of flour (about 10 1/2 cups or 2.48 liters). An amount about half that much requires Chalah to be separated without a Berachah. A baker must separate 1/48 of his dough as Chalah, while a normal homeowner must separate 1/24.
3) [line 18] SURIYAH - Syria, an area which was captured by David ha'Melech. There is a Machlokes whether or not it was annexed to Eretz Yisrael, since its capture was considered a Kibush Yachid, a private capture. According to those who are of the opinion that Kibush Yachid is considered a Kibush, the obligation to separate Chalah applies there mid'Oraisa.
4) [line 18] MATANOS
(a) Whenever a person slaughters an ox, sheep or goat (that is not Kodshim), he must give to a Kohen the Zero'a, Lechayayim and Keivah (the foreleg, the [lower] jaw, and the maw or abomasum [the last of a cow's four stomachs] (Devarim 18:3). 1. The ZERO'A consists of the two upper limbs of the right foreleg, from the knee until the top of the shoulder blade; 2. The LECHAYAYIM consists of the lower jaw, from the joint where it is attached to the upper jaw until the thyroid cartilage, including the tongue; 3. The KEIVAH consists of the maw together with its Chelev, but the Minhag of the Kohanim is to let the animal's owner keep the Chelev.
(b) Although one must give the Zero'a, Lechayayim and Keivah to a Kohen, they may be eaten by a non-Kohen.
5) [line 18] KERAKIN - big cities
6) [line 24] UCHEDE'APICH LEHU - he reversed their decision
7) [line 28] CHILUK GERANOS - the distribution of a portion of Terumah at the threshing floor
8) [line 29] ALEKSANDERIYA - Alexandria, Egypt
9) [line 41] SHEVA SHE'KIVSHU V'SHEVA SHE'CHILKU
(a) It took seven years for the Jewish people under Yehoshua, to conquer Eretz Yisrael. It took another seven years to divide it amongst the tribes.
(b) Since regarding Chalah the Torah uses the word "b'Vo'achem" (when you come) and not the usual "Ki Tavo'u" when it describes entering the land of Israel, Chalah differs from the other Mitzvos that apply to the Land. The other Mitzvos took effect only after the seven years of conquest and the seven years of apportionment. Chalah, however, was separated as soon as they entered the Land.
10) [last line] V'CHI ASKINHU EZRA - and when Ezra brought them up (from Bavel to Eretz Yisrael)
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