BACKGROUND TO THE DAILY DAF
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
[6a - 47 lines; 6b - 40 lines]
1) [line 13] בגרירה B'GEREIRAH - lit. with dragging. The tribes which did not sin are dragged along with those that did. Therefore, despite not having sinned, they must bring offerings of their own, as Rebbi Yehudah teaches in the Mishnah.
2) [line 21] אין מיתה בצבור EIN MISAH B'TZIBUR - there is no death for the congregation. Even if the generation that sinned dies, the animal designated as the Korban Chatas for their sin is not left to die like an ordinary Chatas she'Mesah Ba'aleha (a Chatas whose owner has died). (See Insights.)
3) [line 23] דוקיא DUKYA - an inference
4) [line 38] היתה הוראת שעה HORA'AS SHA'AH HAYESAH - it was a one-time ruling [based upon other mitigating factors]
5) [line 42] קאים כוליה בית דין KA'IM KULEI BEIS DIN - all the members of the Beis Din are alive
6) [line 44] שותפין SHUTAFIN - partners
7) [line 46] ירעו YIR'U - they will graze
8) [line 5] אחוזה ACHUZAH - possession
9) [line 11] כנחלתן כך חנייתן K'NACHALASAN KACH CHANAYASAN - as their inheritance, so was their encampment. The division of the tribes' inheritance of the land and the apportionment of their encampments in the desert were directly related. Efraim and Menasheh are viewed as separate tribes both with regard to their inheritance and with regard to their encampments.
10) [line 22] שאין תמורה בצבור SHE'EIN TEMURAH B'TZIBUR - because the law of Temurah does not apply to communal offerings (TEMURAH)
(a) The Torah states, "Do not transfer or exchange [an animal that has been designated as a Korban for another animal], neither a good animal for a bad one, nor a bad one for a good one. If you do exchange [an animal of Kodesh for one that is not], both the original animal as well as the one attempted as an exchange will be Kodesh." (Vayikra 27:10-11)
(b) The Temurah of a Korban, as a general rule, has the identical status of its "parent" Korban, and is offered upon the Mizbe'ach.
HADRAN ALACH HORU BEIS DIN
11) [line 31] כהן משיח KOHEN MASHI'ACH
(a) The Kohen Gadol is known as the Kohen Mashi'ach since he was anointed with the Shemen ha'Mishchah (Shemos 30:22-33), the oil made by Moshe Rabeinu for anointing the Mishkan and its vessels, the Kohanim Gedolim, and the kings of the Davidic dynasty.
(b) Before the destruction of the first Beis Ha'Mikdash, King Yoshiyahu ordered the Aron to be hidden to prevent its capture (Divrei ha'Yamim II 35:3). The jar of Manna (Shemos 16:32-34), Aharon's staff (Bamidbar 16:16-26), and the Shemen ha'Mishchah were also hidden together with the Aron (Yoma 52b). As a result, there was no Shemen ha'Mishchah with which to anoint the Kohanim Gedolim during the final years of the first Beis ha'Mikdash and all of the years of the second Beis Ha'Mikdash. The Kohanim Gedolim at the time of the second Beis ha'Mikdash are called Merubeh Begadim because they were consecrated solely by wearing the Bigdei Kehunah for seven days.
(c) Only a Kohen Gadol anointed with the Shemen ha'Mishchah is able to bring the special Korban Chatas of a Kohen Gadol, the "Par Kohen Mashi'ach" (or "Par Kohen Gadol"; see below). A Kohen Gadol consecrated solely by wearing the Bigdei Kehunah does not bring this Korban.
(d) If a Kohen Gadol issues a ruling in error, permitting a transgression punishable by Kares had it been transgressed intentionally, and he acts upon his ruling, then he must offer a Par Kohen Mashi'ach to atone for his sin. This Korban consists of one bull offered as a Korban Chatas (RAMBAM Hilchos Shegagos 12:1). If the sin committed was one of idolatry, then his Korban is identical to that offered by any individual in such a situation, and consists of a female goat.
(e) After the bull is slaughtered, the blood of the bull is sprinkled seven times in the Heichal in the direction of the Paroches. It is then applied to the Keranos (cubic Tefach posts placed upon the corners) of the Mizbe'ach ha'Ketores (the smaller altar located in the Heichal upon which incense is burned daily). The Sheyarei ha'Dam (remainder of the blood) is poured on the western Yesod (base) of the Mizbe'ach, whereas the Emurim (innards and certain fats) are burned on the Mizbe'ach ha'Chitzon (outer Mizbe'ach).
(f) The remaining parts of the bull are burned outside of Yerushalayim (Vayikra 4:1-12, Bamidbar 15:22-26). The clothing of those who carry the carcass out of the Azarah become Tamei. (According to Rebbi Shimon (Yoma 67b), those involved with burning the Paros are also Metamei Begadim.)